3 Month Finasteride Challenge Test Can Significantly Improve the Performance of Screening for Prostate Cancer

The University of Texas System (UT) logo

The University of Texas System (UT)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: Finasteride

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT01296672
ROI 10-352H
R01CA138627 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The investigators will propose a novel method to improve prostate cancer screening with PSA, using a 3-month treatment with finasteride, a drug used to treat Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and proven to reduce a man's risk of developing prostate cancer. The investigators will also examine three additional promising tests that may further improve diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Full description

The primary goal of this proposal is to determine if a 5-alpha reductase 'challenge' improves screening performance of PSA and DRE in men who are scheduled for prostate biopsy. Currently a higher PSA level leads to a recommendation for prostate biopsy, causing hundreds of thousands of unnecessary biopsies annually in the U.S. We will show that a three-month treatment with finasteride for men with high PSA levels will better predict the man who should have a prostate biopsy. PSA performance after finasteride 'challenge' will also be compared with new tests for prostate cancer. Finasteride is supplied by Merck and Company, Incorporated.

Enrollment

383 patients

Sex

Male

Ages

55+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Risk of prostate cancer 20-60% calculated with the on-line Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) prostate cancer risk calculator. (www.prostate-cancer-risk-calculator.com). PSA value must be obtained within 3 months prior to study entry. A description of the frequency of these individuals in the population is provided in Specific Aim 2
  • Patient has been recommended to undergo and plans to have a prostate biopsy.
  • Patient is willing to delay prostate biopsy for a 3-month finasteride vs placebo treatment.
  • No allergy to finasteride or other five alpha reductase inhibitors.
  • Patient is willing to take finasteride vs placebo 5 mg orally daily for 3-month treatment period.
  • Age 55 or older. (This age is selected as the PCPT risk calculator is only valid for this age range.)

Exclusion criteria

  • Risk of cancer greater than 60% or less than 20%.
  • Prior history of prostate cancer.
  • Prior treatment with finasteride or dutasteride in the past 6 months
  • Younger than age 55.

Trial design

383 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Finasteride
Experimental group
Description:
Finasteride 5mg tablets every day by mouth for 3 months
Treatment:
Drug: Finasteride
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo 5mg tablet every day by mouth for 3 months
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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