A Clinical Pathway for Nursing Home Acquired Pneumonia

McMaster University logo

McMaster University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
Pneumonia

Treatments

Procedure: a clinical pathway nursing home acquired pneumonia

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00157612
00-1848
long term care (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Nursing home residents are frequently transferred to hospital for management of pneumonia. This often leads to hospital related complications and is a burden on the acute care health system. The purpose of this study is to assess whether managing residents with pneumonia and lower respiratory tract infection on site in the nursing home can reduce hospital admissions and can reduce complications and improve quality of life for residents. We have randomized residents with nursing home acquired pneumonia to on-site management, using a clinical pathway, versus usual care.

Full description

We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial where nursing homes were randomized to either use of a clinical pathway or usual care for management of nursing home acquired pneumonia. The clinical pathway included chest radiographs performed on-site in the nursing home by a mobile x-ray unit, use of hypodermocylysis (subcutaneous infusion) for re-hydration, administration of an oral antimicrobials, and use of pulse oximetry to assess oxygenation. The main outcomes were hospital admission rate and length of stay. Secondary outcomes included health related quality of life, rates of both infectious and non-infectious complications within four weeks of onset of symptoms; mortality rate of residents with pneumonia (death from all causes within 30 days of onset of symptoms. Time to stabilization of vital signs, as well as functional status at four weeks, were assessed.

Enrollment

680 patients

Sex

All

Ages

64+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Symptoms or signs of lower respiratory tract infection as defined by standardized criteria.

Exclusion criteria

Residents were excluded if they were not expected to live longer than 30 days from the date of enrollment, had a previous anaphylactic or serious allergic reaction to quinolones, had advanced directives that they are not be transferred to hospital for treatment.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

680 participants in 2 patient groups

Intervention
Other group
Description:
use of oral anti-microbials, portable chest radiographs, oxygen saturation monitoring, re-hydration and close monitoring by a research nurse
Treatment:
Procedure: a clinical pathway nursing home acquired pneumonia
Comparator
No Intervention group
Description:
usual care

Trial contacts and locations

0

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems