A Clinical Study to Determine Factors Affecting Absorption and Serum Levels of Lycopene After Supplementation

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National Taiwan University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

BPH

Treatments

Drug: Lycopene

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00154843
920704

Details and patient eligibility

About

Primary: To determine factors that affect absorption and serum levels of lycopene after supplementation. Secondary: To evaluate general safety and tolerability of oral lycopene 15 or 30 mg per day for 12 weeks. To determine lycopene effects on reducing serum levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA) and on relieving lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in relation to prostate hypertrophy as evaluated by the International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS).

Full description

This is an uncontrolled intervention study in which eligible male subjects (N=60), after a two-week washout, will be randomized to receive lycopene either 15 or 30 mg per day for 12 weeks. About equal numbers of subjects will be randomized to either 15 or 30 mg of lycopene (about 30 subjects for each arm). The study is expected to be finished in 2 year. The study is expected to be finished in 2 year. Concerning an expected dropout rate of 10%, 66 subjects will be recruited for the study.

Enrollment

74 patients

Sex

Male

Ages

40+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male subjects aged 40 or older with no pathologically-proven prostate cancer or other cancers. Patients who have had a negative prostate biopsy are still acceptable.
  • Subjects with a PSA between 2.5 and 20.0 ng/ml.
  • Subjects understand the study procedures and agree to participate in the study by providing a written informed consent and scheduled blood or urine samples.
  • Subjects whose liver function and renal function tests are within normal range.

Exclusion criteria

  • Subjects who may have fluctuated serum PSAs, such as urinary tract infection, prostatitis, acute urinary retention, receiving radiotherapy to the pelvis, etc.
  • Subjects who have received a prostate surgery or biopsy within 6 weeks before the initiation of lycopene supplementation.
  • Subjects who may or will receive a prostate surgery or biopsy within 12 weeks of the initiation of lycopene supplementation.
  • Subjects who have known allergic reaction to carotenoids including lycopene.
  • Subjects who are participating or will participate in other clinical trials.
  • Subjects who are taking medications that may alter serum PSA levels, such as 5-alpha reductase inhibitor (eg. finasteride), sex steroids or hormonal agents (eg. luteinizing hormone releasing hormone agonists, cyproterone acetate, flutamide, bicalutamide, megesterol acetate, etc.).
  • Subjects who may require increased dosage of medications for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) during the 12 weeks of protocol treatment. Subjects who have been put on medications for LUTS before entry and have a stabilized disease are still acceptable. These medications include, but note limited to, selective or non-selective alpha-blockers and anti-cholinergics.
  • Subjects who have or have had clinical gastrointestinal malabsorption regardless of the etiology.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

74 participants in 2 patient groups

A
Experimental group
Description:
Lycopene 15 mg/day
Treatment:
Drug: Lycopene
B
Experimental group
Description:
Lycopene 30 mg/day
Treatment:
Drug: Lycopene

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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