A Comparison of the Safety and Effectiveness of Fluconazole or Clotrimazole in the Treatment of Fungal Infections of the Mouth and Throat in Patients With AIDS

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Pfizer

Status

Completed

Conditions

HIV Infections
Candidiasis, Oral

Treatments

Drug: Fluconazole
Drug: Clotrimazole

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT00002282
056-171
012M

Details and patient eligibility

About

To compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerance of fluconazole single daily capsule for 14 days versus clotrimazole troche 5 x daily for 14 days in the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients with AIDS.

Sex

All

Ages

13+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

Cimetidine.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Known history of intolerance or allergy to imidazoles or triazoles, or the non-azole components of clotrimazole troches (dextrose, cellulose, povidone, magnesium stearate).
  • Moderate or severe liver disease defined by specified lab values.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded pending results of phase I studies to determine whether interaction between fluconazole and these agents occurs:

  • Barbiturates.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Coumarin-type anticoagulants.
  • Rifampin.
  • Oral hypoglycemics.
  • Cyclosporin.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Known history of intolerance or allergy to imidazoles or triazoles, or the non-azole components of clotrimazole troches (dextrose, cellulose, povidone, magnesium stearate).
  • Unable to tolerate oral medication.
  • Moderate or severe liver disease defined by specified lab values.
  • Life expectancy < 4 weeks.
  • Unable or unwilling to be followed at the same center for the conduct of this study.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 3 days of study entry:

  • Other antifungal agents.

Excluded pending results of phase I studies to determine whether interaction between fluconazole and these agents occurs:

  • Barbiturates.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Coumarin-type anticoagulants.
  • Rifampin.
  • Oral hypoglycemics.
  • Cyclosporin.

Patients meeting CDC criteria for diagnosis of AIDS, or having serologic or virologic evidence of HIV infection (but without AIDS-defining opportunistic infections as of yet).

  • Patients who have given informed consent in writing to their participation in the study.
  • Patients with signs of oropharyngeal candidiasis, i.e., with typical white plaques.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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