A CT-based Radiomics Model to Predict Survival-graded Fibrosis in PDAC

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Sun Yat-sen University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Pancreatic Cancer

Treatments

Procedure: surgery

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06267690
SYSUFAH2021025

Details and patient eligibility

About

Tumor fibrosis plays an important role in chemotherapy resistance in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), however there remains a contradiction in the prognostic value of fibrosis. We aimed to investigate the relationship between tumor fibrosis and survival in patients with PDAC, classify patients into high- and low-fibrosis groups, and develop and validate a CT-based radiomics model to non-invasively predict fibrosis before treatment.

Full description

This retrospective, bicentric study included 295 pretreated patients with PDAC. Tumor fibrosis was assessed using the collagen fraction (CF). Clinical-pathological variables were gathered, and radiological features were evaluated by three radiologists in consensus. The patients were followed up at 1, 3, 6, and 9 months postoperatively and every 3-6 months thereafter. All follow-up examinations included carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) measurements and imaging (contrast-enhanced CT, contrast-enhanced MRI, ultrasonography, or positron emission tomography). The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were also recorded. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the associations of CF with OS and DFS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to determine the rounded threshold of CF. An integrated model (IM) was developed by incorporating selected radiomic features and clinical-radiological characteristics. The predictive performance was validated in the test cohort (Center 2). It was hypothesized that tumor fibrosis could be classified into two survival-graded groups and that the incorporation of radiomics features and clinical-radiological features would help predict the status of fibrosis. Thus, the association between fibrosis and overall survival (OS)/disease-free survival (DFS) was determined, and the patients with PDAC were divided into high- and low-CF groups in this study. In addition, a CT-based radiomics model was developed and validated to non-invasively predict fibrosis before treatment in patients with PDAC from two centers. It was hypothesized that the performance of the integrated model would be superior to that of the clinical-radiological model.

Enrollment

295 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Patients with suspected pancreatic tumors who underwent contrast-enhanced CT and pathological examinations at Center 1 and Center 2 were eligible for inclusion in this study.

Exclusion criteria

(a) pathologically diagnosed PDAC by resection; (b) time intervals between contrast-enhanced CT and pathology less than 2 weeks; (c) no history of previous treatment such as resection, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy. The patients were excluded as follows: (a) unavailable pathological sections for evaluating the fibrosis; (b) incomplete clinical records; (c) missing CT images or poor CT image quality; (d) coincidence of other malignant tumors

Trial design

295 participants in 2 patient groups

high fibrosis group
Description:
No intervention had been adminstered during treatment of patients.
Treatment:
Procedure: surgery
low fibrosis group
Description:
No intervention had been adminstered during treatment of patients.
Treatment:
Procedure: surgery

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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