A Multi-Center, Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase III Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Saxagliptin Co-administered With Dapagliflozin Compared to Saxagliptin or Dapagliflozin All Given as add-on Therapy to Metformin in Subject With Type 2 Diabetes

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Status and phase

Phase 3


Inadequate Glycaemic Control
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


Drug: Dapagliflozin
Drug: Saxagliptin
Drug: Placebo for Saxagliptin
Drug: Placebo for Dapagliflozin

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The aim of this study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of therapy with saxagliptin 5mg co-administered with dapagliflozin 5mg, compared to therapy with saxagliptin 5mg or dapagliflozin 5mg in patients who are inadequately controlled on ≥1500mg/day of metformin monotherapy.


905 patients




18 to 130 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Patients aged ≥18 years old at time of informed consent;
  2. Patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) defined as HbA1C≥7.5% to ≤10.0% at screening visit;
  3. Stable metformin therapy for at least 8 weeks prior to enrolment at a dose of ≥1500mg per day;
  4. BMI ≤45.0kg/m2 at Enrolment visit;
  5. Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) ≤ 270mg/dl(15.0mmol/L) at the enrolment visit;
  6. For Females Only: Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an acceptable method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for at least 4 weeks after the last dose of study medication in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized.

Exclusion criteria

  1. History of diabetes insipidus, Type 1 diabetes or Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults, diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar nonketotic coma and Symptoms of poorly controlled diabetes that would preclude participation in this trial including but not limited to marked polyuria and polydipsia with greater than 10% weight loss during the 3 months prior to Enrolment (Visit 1), or other signs and symptoms.
  2. History of pancreatitis.
  3. Administration of any antihyperglycaemic therapy, other than metformin, for more than 14 days (consecutive or not) during the 8 weeks prior to enrolment
  4. Any use of DPP-4 inhibitor or SGLT-2 inhibitor within 8 weeks prior to enrolment.
  5. Significant hepatic disease, including, but not limited to, chronic active hepatitis and/or severe hepatic insufficiency and/or significant abnormal liver function, including patients with Alanine transaminase (ALT) and/or Aspartate transaminase (AST) ≥3x ULN (Upper Limit of Normal)and/or Total Bilirubin ≥2.0x ULN. History of severe hepatobiliary disease or hepatotoxicity with any medication. Positive serologic evidence of current infectious liver disease, including patients who are known to be positive for Hepatitis viral antibody ImmunoglobulinM (IgM), Hepatitis B surface antigen, and Hepatitis C virus antibody.
  6. Moderate or severe impairment of renal function [defined as Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) <60milliLitre/min/1.73 m2 (estimated by Modification in Diet and Renal Disease (MDRD)) or serum creatinine ≥1.5mg/dL in males or ≥1.4mg/dL in females]. Conditions of congenital renal glucosuria, history of unstable or rapidly progressing renal disease.
  7. History of any clinically significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, may put the patient at risk because of participation in the study, may influence the results, or may limit the patient's ability to participate in or complete the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Triple Blind

905 participants in 3 patient groups

Active Comparator group
5 mg Tablets, Oral, Once daily, 24 weeks for Saxagliptin and Dapagliflozin
Drug: Saxagliptin
Drug: Dapagliflozin
Dapagliflozin+Saxagliptin placebo+Metformin
Active Comparator group
5 mg Tablets, Oral, Once daily, 24 weeks for Dapagliflozin and Saxagliptin Placebo
Drug: Placebo for Saxagliptin
Drug: Dapagliflozin
Saxagliptin+Dapagliflozin placebo+metformin
Active Comparator group
5 mg Tablets, Oral, Once daily, 24 weeks for Saxagliptin and Dapagliflozin placebo
Drug: Placebo for Dapagliflozin
Drug: Saxagliptin

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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