A Multicenter Comparison of Fluconazole (UK-49,858) and Amphotericin B as Treatment for Acute Cryptococcal Meningitis

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Pfizer

Status

Completed

Conditions

Meningitis, Cryptococcal
HIV Infections

Treatments

Drug: Fluconazole
Drug: Amphotericin B

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT00002068
012H
056-159B

Details and patient eligibility

About

To compare the safety and effectiveness of fluconazole and amphotericin B, alone or in combination with flucytosine, as treatment for acute cryptococcal meningitis.

Sex

All

Ages

13+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Immunosuppressant therapy.
  • Antiviral therapy such as zidovudine.
  • Prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

Radiation therapy for mucocutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma.

Written informed consent must be obtained for each patient, either from the patient himself or from the patient's legal guardian.

  • No prior systemic antifungal therapy for cryptococcosis.
  • Relapse after prior therapy.
  • Success of prior therapy must have been documented by negative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture at the end of therapy. Following prior therapy, such patients may not have received more than 1 mg/kg/wk amphotericin B in the 4 weeks before entry into study.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Immunosuppressant therapy.
  • Antiviral therapy such as zidovudine.
  • Prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Evidence of acute or chronic meningitis based upon any etiology other than cryptococcosis.
  • History of allergy to or intolerance of imidazoles, azoles, or amphotericin B.
  • Moderate or severe liver disease.
  • Comatose.
  • Unlikely to survive more than 2 weeks.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:

  • Greater than 1 mg/kg/wk amphotericin B.
  • Coumadin-type anticoagulants.
  • Oral hypoglycemics.
  • Barbiturates.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Immunostimulants.
  • Investigational drugs or approved (licensed) drugs for investigational indications.

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

Lymphocyte replacement.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Evidence of acute or chronic meningitis based upon any etiology other than cryptococcosis.
  • History of allergy to or intolerance of imidazoles, azoles, or amphotericin B.
  • Moderate or severe liver disease.
  • Comatose.
  • Unlikely to survive more than 2 weeks.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:

  • Greater than 1 mg/kg/wk amphotericin B.
  • Coumadin-type anticoagulants.
  • Oral hypoglycemics.
  • Barbiturates.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Immunostimulants.
  • Investigational drugs or approved (licensed) drugs for investigational indications.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

Lymphocyte replacement.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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