A Multicomponent Intervention to Increase HIV Risk Perceptions and PrEP Initiation Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men

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George Washington University (GW)

Status

Active, not recruiting

Conditions

HIV Risk Perception
PrEP

Treatments

Behavioral: Multi-component intervention strategy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04533386
IRB00241244

Details and patient eligibility

About

Tragically, HIV infections among Black sexual minority men (BSMM) in the U.S. persist. Despite the availability of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention, effective uptake among BSMM remains low. It is imperative to support PrEP initiation among this group. The proposed multi-component interventional study is designed to increase HIV risk perceptions and subsequent PrEP initiation through the use of our team's existing mobile application called PrEPme and a peer change agent (PCA) to record and review sexual risk behaviors and subsequent PrEP interest. Few have studied whether reviewing sexual diaries with a PCA increases HIV risk perceptions and PrEP initiation among BSMM. This strategy will allow BSMM who are not using PrEP to record their sexual behaviors using a PrEPme-based diary, review their sexual histories with a PCA, and assess PrEP interest. The PCA will be trained in motivational interviewing techniques to facilitate discussions. The PCA will provide HIV prevention education, sexual risk evaluation, and PrEP navigation. BSMM who become interested in initiating PrEP will be referred to our team's ongoing PrEP tele-medicine study (PI: Jason Farley, co-investigator) or other PrEP care services in the greater Baltimore area. The proposed intervention targets a high priority population in HIV prevention and mitigates structural barriers to PrEP uptake such as perceived judgement, stigma, and discrimination from clinical providers.

Full description

The proposed multicomponent intervention will use our team's existing mobile smartphone app called PrEPme along with a peer change agent (PCA) to record and review sexual risk behaviors among 80 HIV-negative BSMM. PrEPme is an existing HIPAA compliant mobile app that is currently available in the mobile application "store" and offers PrEP navigation services in Baltimore and throughout the State of Maryland. Currently, the app contains a diary that allows users to record and review their sexual risk behaviors using a weekly "timeline" including number and gender of partners along with substance use. At the end of each week, the dashboard provides a weekly review of sexual history for four weeks until the history is displayed as a monthly overview. The app also allows users to chat with our case management team to learn more about PrEP, obtain adequate insurance coverage, and get help scheduling appointments at any time. The proposed intervention leverages the current features of the app as part of the multi-component strategy. In the intervention, pre-post assessments will include demographic information, sexual behavior, substance use, mental health (e.g., depression, gay community affiliation), and PrEP use history. HIV risk perception will be measured using an 8-item scale. The PCA will be trained to review sexual histories, highlight HIV and sexually transmitted infection risks, provide HIV prevalence information, deliver PrEP information, and encourage PrEP uptake. This intervention phase will use a single-group pretest post-test design to explore feasibility and findings will be used as the foundation for an efficacy trial among a larger sample of BSMM in different locales.

Enrollment

80 estimated patients

Sex

Male

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • ≥18 years of age
  • Identify as cis-gender man
  • Self-reporting being HIV-negative or status unknown
  • Identify as Black or African American
  • Report anal intercourse with ≥ 1 male partner in the past 12 months
  • Has mobile smartphone
  • Not currently taking Truvada or Descovy as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)

Exclusion criteria

  • ≤18 years of age
  • Identify as woman or transgender
  • Self-reporting being HIV-positive
  • Identify as race/ethnicity other than Black or African American
  • Report no anal intercourse with male partner in the past 12 months
  • Report not having a mobile smartphone
  • Currently taking Truvada or Descovy as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

80 participants in 1 patient group

BSMM
Experimental group
Description:
Intervention arm will include motivational interview-consistent discussion with a peer change agent and use of a mobile application to record and review sexual risk behaviors with participants.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Multi-component intervention strategy

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Charleen Wylie; Derek Dangerfield II, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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