A Phase 3 Open Label Randomized Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Rituximab Plus Lenalidomide (CC-5013) Versus Rituximab Plus Chemotherapy Followed by Rituximab in Subjects With Previously Untreated Follicular Lymphoma (RELEVANCE)


The Lymphoma Academic Research Organisation

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3


Follicular Lymphoma


Drug: Rituximab - CHOP
Drug: Lenalidomide
Drug: Rituximab
Drug: Rituximab - Bendamustine
Drug: Rituximab - CVP

Study type


Funder types



2011-002792-42 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to find out if lenalidomide when given along with rituximab can help to control the disease and also increase the length of your response (complete or partial response) compared to the standard of care rituximab chemotherapy treatment.

Full description

Follicular Lymphoma (FL) is a cancer of a B lymphocyte, a type of white blood cell. FL is typically a slowly progressing but incurable disease. Follicular lymphoma cells produce a specific defect in the patient's immune system impairing their ability to control their cancer. Lenalidomide has been shown to reverse the specific immune defect caused by FL in the patient. By including lenalidomide, the RELEVANCE study aims to eliminate the cancer while restoring the patient's immune competence.


1,030 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Histologically confirmed CD20+ follicular lymphoma grade 1, 2 or 3a
  • Have no prior systemic treatment for lymphoma.
  • Must be in need of treatment
  • Bi-dimensionally measurable disease with at least one mass lesion > 2 cm that was not previously irradiated.
  • Stage II, III or IV disease.
  • Must be ≥ 18 years and sign an informed consent.
  • Performance status ≤ 2 on the ECOG scale.
  • Adequate hematological function (unless abnormalities are related to lymphoma infiltration of the bone marrow)
  • Willing to follow pregnancy precautions

Exclusion criteria

  • Clinical evidence of transformed lymphoma by investigator assessment or Grade 3b follicular lymphoma.
  • Patients taking corticosteroids during the last 4 weeks, unless administered at a dose equivalent to < 10 mg/day prednisone (over these 4 weeks).
  • Major surgery (excluding lymph node biopsy) within 28 days prior to signing informed consent.
  • Known Seropositive for or active viral infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV)or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Life expectancy < 6 months.
  • Known sensitivity or allergy to murine products.
  • Prior history of malignancies, other than follicular lymphoma, unless the patient has been free of the disease for ≥ 10 years.
  • Prior use of lenalidomide.
  • Neuropathy > Grade 1.
  • Presence or history of CNS involvement by lymphoma.
  • Patients who are at a high risk for a thromboembolic event and are not willing to take venous thromboembolic (VTE) prophylaxis.
  • serum aspartate transaminase (AST/SGOT) or alanine transaminase (ALT/SGPT) > 3x upper limit of normal (ULN), except in patients with documented liver or pancreatic involvement by lymphoma
  • total bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dl (34 µmol/L) except in cases of Gilberts Syndrome and documented liver involvement by lymphoma
  • creatinine clearance of < 30 mL/min
  • Pregnant or lactating females.
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the patient at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study, or which confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

1,030 participants in 2 patient groups

Lenalidomide + Rituximab
Experimental group
Lenalidomide dose 20-mg on days 2-22 every 28 days x 6 cycles, if CR then 10-mg on days 2-22 every 28 days for 12 cycles. PR after 6 cycles, continue 20 mg for 3~6 cycles and then 10 mg on days 2-22 every 28-day cycles for upto 18 cycles Rituximab, 375 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 of cycle 1, day 1 of cycles 2 to 6; 8 weeks later responding patients continue with 375 mg/m2 rituximab every 8 weeks for 12 cycles.
Drug: Rituximab
Drug: Lenalidomide
Active Comparator group
• ONE of the following: Rituximab - CHOP, Rituximab - CVP, Rituximab - Bendamustine. 7 to 8 weeks later responding patients will continue with 375 mg/m2 rituximab every 8 weeks for 12 cycles.
Drug: Rituximab - CVP
Drug: Rituximab - Bendamustine
Drug: Rituximab - CHOP

Trial contacts and locations



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