A Phase I, Observer-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Chiron Vaccine HIV p24/MF59 Administered to Healthy HIV-Seronegative Adults


Chiron Corporation

Status and phase

Phase 1


HIV Infections
HIV Seronegativity


Biological: HIV p24/MF59 Vaccine

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


To evaluate the safety and tolerability of the Chiron vaccine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) p24(25 or 50 micrograms)/MF59 in healthy HIV-1 seronegative adults. To evaluate the immunogenicity of the HIV p24(50 micrograms)/MF59 vaccine.

Full description

This study evaluates the safety and immunogenicity of the Chiron vaccine HIV p24/MF59. In Part A, 15 volunteers are randomly assigned to receive either HIV p24/MF59 or a placebo at 0, 1, and 6 months. 10 volunteers receive the vaccine and 5 volunteers receive the placebo. If no serious adverse events are observed within 1 week after the first injection in these first 15 patients, Part B is initiated. In Part B, 25 volunteers are randomly assigned to receive HIV p24/MF59 or a placebo at 0, 1, and 6 months. 20 volunteers receive the vaccine and 5 volunteers receive the placebo.




18 to 50 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Volunteers must have:

  • Good health as determined by medical history, physical examination, and clinical judgment.
  • Negative serology for HIV infection as determined by licensed HIV ELISA test performed within 6 weeks prior to first immunization.
  • In vitro Epstein-Barr virus-immortalized cell line from peripheral blood can be established (required for selected Part B volunteers only).

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Volunteers with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Significant acute systemic infection.
  • Occupational or other responsibilities that would prevent completion of participation in the study.
  • Any condition that might interfere with the evaluation of the study objectives.

Volunteers with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of immunodeficiency, autoimmune disease, or any serious chronic illness.

  • Evidence of psychiatric or medical history or substance abuse that would adversely affect the volunteer's ability to participate in the trial.

  • History of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse reactions to vaccines or vaccine components.

    1. Immunosuppressive medications.
  • Live, attenuated vaccine within 60 days of study entry.


  • Medically indicated subunit or killed vaccines (e.g., influenza or pneumococcal) are not exclusionary but should be given at least 4 weeks before or after HIV immunizations to avoid potential confusion of adverse reactions.
  • Experimental agents within 30 days of study entry.
  • HIV vaccine or MF59 adjuvant. Blood products or immunoglobulins in the past 3 months.

Engaging in high-risk behavior within 6 months of study entry, i.e.:

  • injection drug use, sexual intercourse without a condom with 4 or more partners or with known iv drug user or HIV+ partner, or newly acquired sexually-transmitted disease.

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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