A Phase III Study of Dato-DXd With or Without Durvalumab Compared With Investigator's Choice of Chemotherapy in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Patients With PD-L1 Positive Locally Recurrent Inoperable or Metastatic Triple-negative Breast Cancer

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AstraZeneca

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 3

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Paclitaxel
Drug: Dato-DXd
Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Drug: Durvalumab
Drug: Gemcitabine
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: Pembrolizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT06103864
D7630C00001

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a Phase III, randomised, open-label, 3-arm, multicentre, international study assessing the efficacy and safety of Dato-DXd with or without durvalumab compared with investigator's choice chemotherapy in combination with pembrolizumab in participants with PD-L1 positive locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic TNBC.

Full description

The primary objective of the study is to demonstrate superiority of Dato-DXd + durvalumab relative to ICC + pembrolizumab by assessment of PFS as assessed by BICR in participants with PD-L1 positive locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic TNBC. The study will be stratified based on geographic location (US/Canada/Europe vs. Dato-DXd monotherapy enrolling countries vs. rest of world), disease-free interval (DFI) history (de novo vs. prior DFI 6 to 12 months vs. prior DFI > 12 months), and prior PD-1/PD-L1 treatment for early stage TNBC (yes vs. no). This study aims to see if Dato-DXd with durvalumab allows patients to live longer without their breast cancer getting worse, or simply to live longer, compared to patients receiving standard of care chemotherapy and pembrolizumab. This study is also looking to see how the treatment and the breast cancer affects patients' quality of life.

Enrollment

625 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria

  • Histologically or cytologically documented locally recurrent inoperable, which cannot be treated with curative intent, or metastatic TNBC, as defined by the ASCO-CAP guidelines.
  • ECOG PS 0 or 1.
  • All participants must provide a FFPE metastatic or locally recurrent inoperable tumour sample.
  • PD-L1 positive TNBC based on results from an appropriately validated investigational PD-L1 (22C3) assay (CPS ≥ 10) from a sponsor designated central laboratory.

No prior chemotherapy or targeted systemic anti-cancer therapy for metastatic or locally recurrent inoperable breast cancer.

- Patients with recurrent disease will be eligible if they have completed treatment for Stage I-III breast cancer, if indicated, and ≥6 months have elapsed between completion of treatment with curative intent and the first documented recurrence.

  • Eligible for one of the chemotherapy options listed as ICC (paclitaxel, nab-paclitaxel, or gemcitabine + carboplatin).
  • Measurable disease as per RECIST 1.1.
  • Adequate bone marrow reserve and organ function.
  • Male and female participants of childbearing potential must agree to use protocol-specified method(s) of contraception.

Key Exclusion Criteria

  • As judged by investigator, severe or uncontrolled medical conditions including systemic diseases, history of allogeneic organ transplant and active bleeding diseases, ongoing or active infection, significant cardiac or psychological conditions.
  • History of another primary malignancy except for malignancy treated with curative intent with no known active disease within 3 years before Cycle 1 Day 1 and of low potential risk for recurrence.

Neoplastic spinal cord compression or active brain metastases, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or history of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis.

- Participants with treated clinically inactive brain metastases that are no longer symptomatic, who require no treatment with corticosteroids or anticonvulsants, may be included in the study if they have recovered from acute toxic effects of radiotherapy.

  • Uncontrolled infection requiring IV antibiotics, antivirals or antifungals.
  • Active or uncontrolled hepatitis B or C virus infection.
  • Known HIV infection that is not well controlled.
  • Uncontrolled or significant cardiac disease.
  • History of non-infectious ILD/pneumonitis (including radiation pneumonitis) that required steroids, current ILD/pneumonitis, or suspected ILD/pneumonitis that cannot be ruled out by imaging at screening.
  • Severe pulmonary function compromise.
  • Clinically significant corneal disease.
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders.
  • Prior exposure to any treatment including ADC containing a chemotherapeutic agent targeting topoisomerase I and TROP2-targeted therapy.
  • Any concurrent anti-cancer treatment.
  • Participants with a known severe hypersensitivity to PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors or Dato-DXd.
  • Currently pregnant (confirmed with positive pregnancy test), breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

625 participants in 3 patient groups

Dato-DXd + durvalumab
Experimental group
Description:
Arm 1: Dato-DXd + durvalumab
Treatment:
Drug: Durvalumab
Drug: Dato-DXd
Investigator's Choice of Chemotherapy (ICC) in combination with pembrolizumab
Active Comparator group
Description:
Arm 2: Investigator's Choice of Chemotherapy (ICC) in combination with pembrolizumab (paclitaxel, nab-paclitaxel, or gemcitabine + carboplatin)
Treatment:
Drug: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: Gemcitabine
Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Drug: Paclitaxel
Dato-DXd
Experimental group
Description:
Arm 3: Dato-DXd
Treatment:
Drug: Dato-DXd

Trial contacts and locations

276

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Central trial contact

AstraZeneca Clinical Study Information Center

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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