A Pilot Study of 566C80 for the Salvage Treatment of Toxoplasmic Encephalitis in Patients Infected With the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Who Have Failed or Are Intolerant of Pyrimethamine-Sulfadiazine

GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) logo

GlaxoSmithKline (GSK)

Status

Completed

Conditions

HIV Infections
Toxoplasmosis, Cerebral

Treatments

Drug: Atovaquone

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT00001994
02
101A

Details and patient eligibility

About

To evaluate the safety and tolerance of atovaquone (566C80) in AIDS patients with central nervous system (CNS) toxoplasmosis. To evaluate the efficacy of 566C80 in the acute treatment and suppression of CNS toxoplasmosis in AIDS patients who fail or who cannot tolerate conventional therapy.

Sex

All

Ages

13+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have the following:

  • Presumptive diagnosis of AIDS.
  • Cerebral toxoplasmosis.
  • Expected survival of at least four weeks without therapy.
  • Willing and able to give informed consent.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Pyrimethamine-sulfonamide.
  • Clindamycin-sulfonamide.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • Significant emotional disorder or psychosis.
  • Evidence of significant malabsorption, ileus or significant emesis at entry which would inhibit drug absorption.
  • Other known central nervous system lesions such as lymphoma, tuberculoma, cryptococcoma, active neurosyphilis. Unwilling or unable to take 566C80 with a meal, enteral supplements (eg:
  • Ensure Plus) or pulverized form through a nasogastric tube.
  • Active drug or alcohol abuse sufficient in the investigator's opinion to prevent compliance with the study regimen.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Drugs with potential anti-toxoplasmosis activity including sulfone, sulfonamide, trimethoprim, pyrimethamine and clindamycin during the acute therapy phase of the trial.
  • First three weeks of treatment:
  • Retrovir (zidovudine) or any investigational agent including antiretroviral agents (eg:
  • ddI,ddC).

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Significant emotional disorder or psychosis.
  • Evidence of significant malabsorption, ileus or significant emesis at entry which would inhibit drug absorption.
  • Other known central nervous system lesions such as lymphoma, tuberculoma, cryptococcoma, active neurosyphilis. Unwilling or unable to take 566C80 with a meal, enteral supplements (eg:
  • Ensure Plus) or pulverized form through a nasogastric tube.
  • Active drug or alcohol abuse sufficient in the investigator's opinion to prevent compliance with the study regimen.

Active drug or alcohol abuse sufficient in the investigator's opinion to prevent compliance with the study regimen.

Trial contacts and locations

22

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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