A Pilot Study of Adherence to Oral Medication and Health Beliefs of Adolescents With HIV and Their Mothers

National Cancer Institute (NCI) logo

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Status

Completed

Conditions

HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Study type

Observational

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00001699
98-C-0121
980121

Details and patient eligibility

About

The proposed study has two specific aims 1) to gather data about treatment adherence levels among adolescents (11-21 years) with HIV and 2) to obtain information about the adolescents and mothers' health beliefs and examine their relationship to the adolescents' adherence levels. This pilot study is designed to gather preliminary data about the feasibility of using several new measures with this population. To achieve these aims, a convenience sample of approximately 45 adolescents with HIV will re recruited. The adolescents and their mothers will complete a brief questionnaire about their health beliefs. A 24-hour recall interview format will be used to assess the adolescents' treatment adherence to prescribed oral medication. The adolescent will complete recall interviews on three random days over a two week period. Data analysis will be primarily descriptive, but will be used to generate more specific hypotheses for future research studies. The long-term goal of this research is to better identify adolescents with HIV at risk for non-adherence and design empirically derived interventions to improve their adherence levels. The health beliefs measure may also be useful in identifying irrational beliefs about the illness or treatment that can then be targeted for cognitive restructing in psychological interventions.

Full description

The proposed study has two specific aims 1) to gather data about treatment adherence levels among adolescents (11-21 years) with HIV and 2) to obtain information about the adolescents and mothers' health beliefs and examine their relationship to the adolescents' adherence levels. This pilot study is designed to gather preliminary data about the feasibility of using several new measures with this population. To achieve these aims, a convenience sample of approximately 45 adolescents with HIV will be recruited. The adolescents and their mothers will complete a brief questionnaire about their health beliefs. A 24-hour recall interview format will be used to assess the adolescents' treatment adherence to prescribed oral medication. The adolescent will complete recall interviews on three random days over a two week period. Data analysis will be primarily descriptive, but will be used to generate more specific hypotheses for future research studies. The long-term goal of this research is to better identify adolescents with HIV at risk for non-adherence and design empirically derived interventions to improve their adherence levels. The health beliefs measure may also be useful in identifying irrational beliefs about the illness or treatment that can then be targeted for cognitive restructing in psychological interventions.

Sex

All

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Subjects must be between the ages of 11 and 21 years.

Subjects must be diagnosed with HIV for at least one year (to ensure sufficient opportunity to experience living with a chronic condition such that adherence level is unlikely to be the result of skill or knowledge deficits).

Subjects must be prescribed oral medications (e.g., pills, liquids, inhaler) to be taken on a daily basis.

Subjects must be living with same female caregiver for at least one year.

Subjects must have a telephone number where he/she can be contacted during the two weeks after recruitment.

The adolescent and mother must be able to provide informed consent.

Adolescents must not have mental retardation or developmental delay that would prevent the adolescent from reading and comprehending the questionnaire.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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