A Pilot Study Using Short-Term Cultured Anti-Tumor Autologous Lymphocytes

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Yale University

Status and phase

Terminated
Early Phase 1

Conditions

Metastatic Melanoma

Treatments

Drug: Nivolumab and Ipilimumab
Drug: Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03526185
2000020477

Details and patient eligibility

About

To determine the feasibility and safety of administering a regimen of TIL/IL-2, using a cell product manufactured in the Yale Advanced Cell Therapy Laboratories, in subjects with metastatic melanoma who are not responding or have progressed after receiving prior therapy with a PD-1/PD-L1 antagonist used alone or in combination with anti-CTLA-4. Additionally, a second cohort of patients with metastatic melanoma who are not responding or have progressed after receiving prior therapy with a PD-1/PD-L1 antagonist alone or in combination with anti-CTLA-4 will receive anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 therapy with Nivolumab and Ipilimumab.

Full description

The objectives of this study have been expanded since its original registration to inlcude an additional cohort of patients (now designated Cohort 1 and Cohort 2). Cohort 1 is the original group of patients described in the initial registration of the study. Cohort 1 Objectives: To determine the feasibility and safety of administering a regimen of TIL/IL-2, using a cell product manufactured in the Yale Advanced Cell Therapy Laboratories, in subjects with metastatic melanoma who are not responding or have progressed after receiving prior therapy with a PD-1/PD-L1 antagonist used alone or in combination with anti-CTLA-4. To assess for evidence of clinical activity. To conduct a preliminary assessment of the TCR clonotypes present in marker positive CD8+ cells (4-1BB, LAG-3, TIM-3, PD-1) versus marker-negative CD8+ T-cells early in the expansion cultures and compare to clonotypes late in the final product and in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) 1 and 2 months post infusion. Cohort 2 Objectives: To determine the feasibility and safety of administering a regimen of TIL/IL-2, using a cell product manufactured in the Yale Advanced Cell Therapy Laboratories, followed by anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 therapy with Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in subjects with metastatic melanoma who are not responding or have progressed after receiving prior therapy with a PD-1/PD-L1 antagonist alone or in combination with anti-CTLA-4. To evaluate the efficacy of TIL/IL-2 therapy in combination with subsequent anti-PD-1 Nivolumab and anti-CTLA-4 Ipilimumab by assessing the objective response rate by immune-related RECIST (irRECIST). To conduct a preliminary assessment of the TCR clonotypes present in marker positive CD8+ cells (e.g. 4-1BB, LAG-3, TIM-3, PD-1) versus marker-negative CD8+ T-cells early in the expansion cultures and compare to clonotypes late in the final product and in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) 1 and 2 months post infusion.

Enrollment

6 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

For Cohorts 1 and 2:

  • Metastatic melanoma;
  • A metastatic lesion at least 1.5 cm in diameter that can be removed surgically
  • Measurable or evaluable disease not including the resected lesion
  • ECOG PS of 0 or 1 prior to cell harvest
  • Assessment by the treating physician that ECOG performance status of no higher than 2 can be maintained at least for the period of cell generation, lymphoablation, cell infusion and IL-2 administration (for at least 6 weeks following cell harvest)
  • Tumor refractory to or progressing following prior PD-1/PD-L1 therapy alone or in combination with an anti-CTLA-4 agent
  • Ability to understand risks and benefits of the treatment and to give informed consent

Exclusion criteria

For Cohorts 1 and 2:

  • Received prior cell transfer therapy that included non-myeloablative or ablative chemotherapy
  • Any significant major organ dysfunction (see protocol)
  • Residual toxicity > gr1 from immune checkpoint inhibitor other than persistent endocrinopathy on hormone replacement; all symptoms of prior colitis and enteritis must have resolved completely as assessed by history
  • Any contraindication to neutropenia or thrombocytopenia for up to 2 weeks (no active major infection, no site of active, clinically significant bleeding)
  • Concurrent major medical illnesses
  • Any form of immunodeficiency
  • Requirement for steroids > 10 mg prednisone daily or equivalent
  • Severe hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study
  • Contraindications for IL-2 administration

At the time of lymphoablation subjects must meet baseline eligibility criteria with the following additions and exceptions:

• Confirmation by lab that cell product can be ready for harvest and infusion within 7 days

For Cohort 2 only:

At the time of the start of anti-PD-1/anti-CTLA-4 therapy, subjects must meet baseline eligibility criteria with the following additions and exceptions:

  • Patient cannot have a steroid requirement > 10 mg prednisone daily or equivalent
  • Patients who have received prior PD-1/PD-L1 antagonist therapy and developed severe autoimmune disease precluding further immune checkpoint therapy
  • Any organ dysfunction that makes the subject ineligible for anti-PD1 and anti-CTLA-4 treatment as deemed by the treating investigator
  • ECOG PS of 0-2
  • Hgb of at least 8.0 gm/dl (may be transfused to this level)
  • Creatinine not greater than 2.5 mg/dl
  • AST or ALT not > 5x ULN and total bilirubin not > 2.5 mg/dl
  • No clinically significant change in major organ function compared to initial eligibility evaluation
  • Prior to initiating the lymphoablation regimen, there can be no untreated brain lesion > 1.0 cm, and/or with significant evidence of hemorrhage. Subjects may begin lymphoablation no less than 1 full day after completing WBRT or stereotactic radiotherapy for brain lesions.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

6 participants in 2 patient groups

Cohort 1
Experimental group
Description:
Subjects will receive a non-myeloablative lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen of cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/day IV) on days -7 and -6 and fludarabine (25 mg/m2/day) on days -5 through -1. Prophylactic antibiotics will be administered as medically indicated until recovery of ANC to > 500 and recovery of ALC to > 400 On day 0 subjects will receive the infusion of autologous TIL and one hour later (but can be delayed up to 24 hours) will begin low-dose aldesleukin (IL-2) (72,000 IU/kg IV every 12 hours for up to 10 doses).
Treatment:
Drug: Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes
Cohort 2
Experimental group
Description:
Subjects will receive a non-myeloablative lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen of cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/day IV) on days -7 and -6 and fludarabine (25 mg/m2/day) on days -5 through -1. Prophylactic antibiotics will be administered as medically indicated until recovery of ANC to > 500 and recovery of ALC to > 400 On day 0 subjects will receive the infusion of autologous TIL and one hour later (but can be delayed up to 24 hours) will begin low-dose aldesleukin (IL-2) (72,000 IU/kg IV every 12 hours for up to 10 doses). Within 1 week post discharge subjects will be treated with Nivolumab 1 mg/kg and Ipilimumab 3 mg/kg every 3 weeks for 4 doses. Following this, patients will receive Nivolumab 480 mg every 4 weeks. Adjuvant Nivolumab will continue until evidence of disease progression or inability to tolerate treatment.
Treatment:
Drug: Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes
Drug: Nivolumab and Ipilimumab

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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