A Randomized, Controlled Study of Intravenous Ganciclovir Therapy for Peripheral Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in Patients With AIDS

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) logo

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
HIV Infections

Treatments

Drug: Ganciclovir

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00000688
RS-21592
ACTG 071
ICM 1697

Details and patient eligibility

About

To provide information about the usefulness and safety of giving injections of ganciclovir (DHPG) for treating peripheral cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. CMV retinitis is an important sight-threatening opportunistic infection which affects 1 to 2 out of every 10 patients with AIDS. Results from an earlier study suggest that about 80 percent of patients with CMV retinitis will be helped by receiving intravenous doses of DHPG.

Full description

CMV retinitis is an important sight-threatening opportunistic infection which affects 1 to 2 out of every 10 patients with AIDS. Results from an earlier study suggest that about 80 percent of patients with CMV retinitis will be helped by receiving intravenous doses of DHPG. Patients are randomly placed in one of two treatment groups. In one group, patients receive DHPG twice a day, intravenously, for 14 days, followed by a daily dose for 14 weeks. Patients in the other group (the delayed-treatment group) do not receive immediate treatment with DHPG. Patients in both groups have regular ophthalmologic (eye) evaluations with retinal photographs to see if the retinitis is getting worse. Patients in the delayed treatment group receive DHPG if this occurs.

Sex

All

Ages

13+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Zidovudine (AZT) for patients in delayed treatment group and not receiving ganciclovir.
  • Didanosine (ddI) may be continued or initiated in any patient during the study.
  • Topical acyclovir.
  • Topical ophthalmics.
  • Aerosolized pentamidine.

Patients must have:

  • AIDS as defined by the CDC criteria or have had confirmation of HIV infection by ELISA, p24 antigen assay, or culture of HIV.
  • Retinal lesions greater than 1500 microns from edge of optic disc outside major temporal vascular arcades, and greater than 3000 microns from fovea.
  • Understanding of study provisions, and willingness to sign informed consent form approved by the appropriate Institutional Review Board and Syntex.
  • Life expectancy of at least 4 months.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with ocular conditions requiring immediate surgical correction are excluded.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded during first 4 weeks of ganciclovir treatment:

Zidovudine (AZT).

Excluded:

Other investigational drugs and antimetabolites, alkylating agents, nucleoside analogs (topical ophthalmics are permitted), acyclovir, interferon, foscarnet (non-nucleoside pyrophosphate analog), cytomegalovirus (CMV) hyperimmune globulin, and cytokines.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Immediately sight-threatening retinitis (= or < 1500 microns from edge of optic disc, or inside major temporal vascular arcades, or = or < 3000 microns from the fovea).
  • Ocular media opacities (corneal, lenticular, or vitreal) preventing ophthalmologic and photographic retinal assessment.
  • Demonstrated hypersensitivity to acyclovir.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

- Previous treatment with anti-cytomegalovirus therapy.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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