A Randomized Controlled Trial of Eculizumab in AQP4 Antibody-positive Participants With NMO (PREVENT Study)

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Alexion Pharmaceuticals

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 3

Conditions

Neuromyelitis Optica
Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: Eculizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT01892345
ECU-NMO-301

Details and patient eligibility

About

The objectives of this time-to-event study were to assess the efficacy and safety of eculizumab as compared with placebo in participants with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) who were anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody-positive.

Enrollment

143 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female participants ≥ 18 years old.
  • Diagnosis of NMO or NMOSD.
  • AQP4 antibody seropositive.
  • Historical relapse of at least 2 relapses in the last 12 months or 3 relapses in the last 24 months with at least 1 relapse in the 12 months prior to the screening.
  • Expanded Disability Status Scale score ≤ 7.
  • If a participant entered the study receiving immunosuppressive therapy (IST) for relapse prevention, the participant must have been on a stable maintenance dose of IST(s), as defined by the treating physician, prior to Screening and must have remained on that dose for the duration of the study, unless the participant experienced a relapse.
  • Female participants of childbearing potential were to have a negative pregnancy test (serum human chorionic gonadotropin). Participants were required to practice an effective, reliable, and medically approved contraceptive regimen during the study and for up to 5 months following discontinuation of treatment.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of rituximab within 3 months prior to Screening.
  • Use of mitoxantrone within 3 months prior to Screening.
  • Use of intravenous immunoglobulin within 3 weeks prior to Screening.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

143 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Eculizumab
Experimental group
Description:
Biological/Vaccine: Eculizumab; Induction Period: Participants received eculizumab (900 milligrams [mg]) via intravenous (IV) infusion once a week (every 7 ± 2 days) for 4 weeks followed by eculizumab 1200 mg for the fifth dose (Week 4). This was followed by the Maintenance Period: Participants received eculizumab (1200 mg) via IV infusion every 2 weeks (every 14 ± 2 days) from the sixth dose (Week 6) onwards.
Treatment:
Drug: Eculizumab
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo contains the same buffer components without the active ingredient. Induction Period: Participants received matching placebo (900 mg) via IV infusion once a week (every 7 ± 2 days) for 4 weeks, followed by matching placebo (1200 mg) for the fifth dose (Week 4). This was followed by the Maintenance Period: Participants received matching placebo (1200 mg) via IV infusion every 2 weeks (every 14 ± 2 days) from the sixth dose (Week 6) onwards.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

70

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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