A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study of Lovastatin in Children With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (STARS)

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The University of Alabama at Birmingham

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Treatments

Device: placebo
Drug: Lovastatin ™

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00853580
DOD: W81XWH-05-1 0615 (Other Identifier)
X080929007

Details and patient eligibility

About

The specific aim of this study is to determine whether Lovastatin ™ significantly improves visual spatial learning and/or sustained attention in children with NF1. Secondary Aims: To evaluate the effect of Lovastatin ™ on measures of executive function, behavior and quality of life in children with NF1 and cognitive deficits. To further evaluate the toxicity and tolerability of Lovastatin ™ in children with NF1 and cognitive deficits. Hypotheses It is hypothesized that Lovastatin ™ will improve the visual spatial memory and/or attention deficits in children with NF1. This is based on studies demonstrating that Lovastatin ™ has significantly improved impairments in visual spatial memory and attention in the NF1 murine model. It is further expected that Lovastatin ™ will be safe and well tolerated over a 16-week period.

Full description

Study Design This is a prospective multi-centre randomized, placebo-controlled Phase II study to determine the efficacy of Lovastatin ™ on visual spatial learning and/or attention abilities of children with NF1 aged between 8 and less than 16 years. In addition, the effect of Lovastatin ™ on secondary measures of executive function, visual spatial skills, behavior and quality of life will be assessed. Participants will be randomized to 16-weeks of treatment with Lovastatin ™ or a matched placebo. It is plausible and ethical to employ a placebo group as no standard therapy with established efficacy is being withheld. There is no cross-over in this study due to a lack of data concerning the length of possible washout effects. The Lovastatin ™ dose will begin at 20 mg once daily/continuous dosing and escalate over a two-week period to 40 mg once daily/continuous dosing and continue at this dose for 14 weeks. Participants will be carefully monitored for side effects. The safety of Lovastatin ™ will be evaluated using laboratory tests, clinical signs and adverse effects, which will be monitored at regular intervals over the 16-week period. Primary and secondary outcome measures will be administered at baseline, 16 weeks post-treatment and at follow-up, 8 weeks after cessation of treatment to determine any carry-over effects. The safety of Lovastatin ™ will also be evaluated, with regular monitoring of side-effects during the trial. Study Population This is a Phase II study involving children with NF1 (aged between 8 years to 15 years 11 months old at time of enrollment) with evidence of cognitive impairment, defined as having a score of at least one standard deviation or more below the population mean on a measure of visual spatial learning and/or attention. A total of 142 participants with NF1 aged between 8 years and 15 years 11 months will be enrolled in the study. The age limits were selected on the basis that Lovastatin ™ has been shown to be safe in children aged between 8 and 17 years old. In addition, one of the primary outcome measures (attention) only has normative data for up to 15 years 11 months. Therefore, the maximum age limit for participants at time of enrolment is 15 years 11 months so that normative data can be used to determine whether participants are impaired. The pediatric NF1 population is an ideal group in which to study the cognitive effects of Lovastatin ™ because it represents an opportunity for early pharmacological intervention of cognitive deficits.

Enrollment

146 patients

Sex

All

Ages

8 to 15 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Males or females aged between 8 years and 15 years 11 months at time of enrollment who meet NIH diagnostic criteria for NF1 (Appendix 1)
  • Participants must have a full-scale IQ of 70 or above. In cases where there is a statistically significant difference between verbal IQ and performance IQ (.05 level as determined by Table B3 in the WASI manual), participants will be eligible if at least one of these quotients is 70 or above
  • Participants must have a cognitive impairment defined as having a score of at least one standard deviation or more below the population mean on one or more of the primary objective outcome measures (i.e., impaired on a measure of visual spatial learning and/or sustained attention)
  • Participants must be medically stable
  • Participants who are on a stable dose of methylphenidate and/or dextroamphetamines for at least one month prior to screening and who will remain on the same dose for the duration of the study.
  • Hepatic function: Participants must have a bilirubin within normal limits and AST and ALT ± 2 times the upper limit of normal as determined by the standards at their institution
  • Renal function: Participants must have an age-adjusted normal serum creatinine or a creatinine clearance of greater than 70 ml/m/1.73m2
  • Hematologic function: Participants must have an absolute neutrophil count of greater than 1,500, a hemoglobin of greater than 9 gms/dl, and a platelet count of greater than 100,000 on study entry
  • Participants must sign all required documents, including informed assent and HIPAA documents
  • Female participants of childbearing age should not be pregnant, must have a negative pregnancy test before initiation of treatment, and take appropriate birth control precautions to participate in this study.

Exclusion criteria

  • Full-scale IQ less than 70; In cases where this is a statistically significant difference between performance IQ and verbal IQ (.05 level), patients will be excluded if both quotients fall below 70
  • Individuals that are not cognitively impaired on at least one of the primary objective outcome measures
  • Individuals with insufficient English to complete the assessments
  • Participants taking psychotropic medication other than methylphenidate and/or dextroamphetamines. These patients are eligible if, as clinically indicated, they cease medication for at least 30 days prior to screening and remain off these medication for the duration of the study
  • Participants with intracranial pathology such as epilepsy, diagnosed head injury, hydrocephalus or progressive intracranial tumors (children with asymptomatic or static lesions will be eligible)
  • Participants who are pregnant or breastfeeding; Participants who have received any investigational drug, other than sirolimus, within 30 days of initiation of study
  • Participants who have recently taken Lovastatin. These participants will be eligible after a washout period of at least three months.
  • Participants with significant hepatic, renal or hematologic function as previously defined
  • Participants with a history of neuromuscular disease, excluding hypotonias thought to be associated with NF1
  • Participants with a clinically significant unrelated illness, which in the judgment of the principal or associate investigator, would compromise the participant's ability to tolerate the medication or potentially interfere with the participant's ability to participate in the required testing
  • Low cholesterol (lower limit of a total cholesterol of 90mg/dl)
  • Participants who have recently taken sirolimus within three months of enrollment. These participants will be eligible after a washout period of at least three months.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

146 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

2
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
This is a prospective multi-centre randomized, placebo-controlled Phase II study to determine the efficacy of Lovastatin ™ on visual spatial learning and/or attention abilities of children with NF1 aged between 8 and less than 16 years. In addition, the effect of Lovastatin ™ on secondary measures of executive function, visual spatial skills, behavior and quality of life will be assessed. Participants will be randomized to 16-weeks of treatment with Lovastatin ™ or a matched placebo.
Treatment:
Device: placebo
1
Experimental group
Description:
This is a prospective multi-centre randomized, placebo-controlled Phase II study to determine the efficacy of Lovastatin ™ on visual spatial learning and/or attention abilities of children with NF1 aged between 8 and less than 16 years. In addition, the effect of Lovastatin ™ on secondary measures of executive function, visual spatial skills, behavior and quality of life will be assessed. Participants will be randomized to 16-weeks of treatment with Lovastatin ™ or a matched placebo.
Treatment:
Drug: Lovastatin ™

Trial documents
3

Trial contacts and locations

12

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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