The trial is taking place at:

Sun Research Institute | San Antonio, TX

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A Research Study to Find Out How Semaglutide Works in the Kidneys Compared to Placebo, in People With Type 2 Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease (the REMODEL Trial)

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Novo Nordisk

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3


Chronic Kidney Disease
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2


Drug: Placebo (Semaglutide)
Drug: Semaglutide

Study type


Funder types



U1111-1248-7912 (Other Identifier)
2020-000828-19 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility


We are doing this study to learn more about how semaglutide may help fight chronic kidney disease in people with type 2 diabetes. We are doing this by looking into how semaglutide works in the kidneys.

Participants will either get semaglutide or placebo (a 'dummy' medicine) - which treatment participants get is decided by chance.

Semaglutide is a medicine doctors can prescribe in some countries for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Participants will get the study medicine in a pen. Participants will use the pen to inject the medicine into the skin once a week.

The study will last for about 1 year. Participants will have 11 visits to the clinic, and 2 phone visits. Some of the visits could be in different locations.

Study staff will take blood samples at most of these visits. At 9 visits, participants will be asked to bring a sample of their first morning urine. At 4 of the visits participants will have to bring urine that they have collected over the last 24 hours.

The study includes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of participants' kidneys which is a test that shows a detailed picture of organs and other parts inside the body. The scan will last for 30 minutes, and is free of radiation.


105 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male or female.

  • Age above or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent.

  • Diagnosed with T2D (type 2 diabetes) greater than or equal to 180 days prior to the day of screening.

  • HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin) below or equal to 9.0 percent (below or equal to 75 mmol/mol).

  • Depending on biopsy/non-biopsy population:

    1. For subjects in the non-biopsy population: Serum creatinine-based eGFR greater than or equal to 30 and below or equal to 75 mL/min/1.73 m^2(CKD-EPI).
    2. For subjects in the biopsy sub-population: Serum creatinine-based eGFR greater than or equal to 40 and below or equal to 75 mL/min/1.73 m^2(CKD-EPI).
  • UACR ( Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio ) greater than or equal to 20 and below 5000 mg/g.

  • Treatment with maximum labelled or tolerated dose of a renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blocking agent including an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB)) unless such treatment is contraindicated or not tolerated.Treatment dose must be stable for at least 28 days prior to screening.

Exclusion criteria

  • Use of any glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) within 30 days prior to screening.
  • A prior solid organ transplant or awaiting solid organ transplant.
  • Myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalisation for unstable angina pectoris or transient ischaemic attack within 180 days prior to the day of screening.
  • Presence or history of malignant neoplasms (other than basal or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ carcinomas of the cervix, or in situ prostate cancer) within 5 years prior to the day of screening.
  • Congenital or hereditary kidney diseases including polycystic kidney disease, autoimmune kidney diseases including glomerulonephritis or congenital urinary tract malformations.
  • Uncontrolled and potentially unstable diabetic retinopathy or maculopathy. Verified by a fundus examination performed within the past 90 days prior to screening or in the period between screening and Visit 2. Pharmacological pupil-dilation is a requirement unless using a digital fundus photography camera specified for non-dilated examination.
  • Treatment with systemic anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressant drugs within 90 days prior to screening. Stable treatment with acetylsalicylic acid for prevention of cardiovascular events and occasional use of propionic acid derivatives drugs (e.g. ibuprofen) is allowed.
  • Any contraindication for MRI according to standard checklist used in clinical routine, including claustrophobia or metallic foreign bodies, metallic implants, internal electrical devices, or permanent makeup/tattoos that cannot be declared MR compatible.
  • Combination use of an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor and an ARB (angiotensin II receptor blockers).

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

105 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Semaglutide 1.0 mg OW
Experimental group
Once-weekly (OW) Semaglutide administered subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin).
Drug: Semaglutide
Placebo (Semaglutide) 1.0 mg OW
Placebo Comparator group
Once-weekly (OW) placebo (Semaglutide) administered subcutaneously (s.c., under the skin).
Drug: Placebo (Semaglutide)

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Novo Nordisk

Data sourced from

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