A Safety and Efficacy Study of ChAd63/MVA METRAP + RTS,S

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University of Oxford

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

Treatments

Biological: RTS,S/AS01B
Biological: ChAd63 ME-TRAP
Biological: MVA ME-TRAP

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01883609
2013-000393-30 (EudraCT Number)
VAC055

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a clinical trial in which healthy volunteers will be administered experimental malaria vaccines. One group of volunteers will receive vaccination with the leading malaria vaccine candidate, RTS,S/AS01. This vaccine schedule will consist of 3 doses of RTS,S/AS01 with an interval of 4 weeks between doses (Doses given at 0,4 and 8 week timepoints). Another group will receive a vaccination schedule composed of the same dosage and timing regimen of RTS,S, but they will also receive vaccination with ChAd63 ME-TRAP, 2 weeks after the first RTS,S followed 8 weeks later by vaccination with MVA ME-TRAP (2 and 10 week timepoints). The study will assess the safety of the vaccinations, and the immune responses to vaccination. Immune responses are measured by tests on blood samples. Volunteers will be infected with malaria by mosquito bites, 12 weeks after the first vaccination. In addition, a group of volunteers not receiving vaccines will also be infected with malaria by the same method. These infection experiments will be used to assess vaccine efficacy: how well the vaccines act to prevent malaria disease. A further single volunteer may also be infected with malaria; this volunteer participated in a previous trial where they received vaccines and was completely protected against malaria disease after infection by mosquito bite. The RTS,S/AS01 vaccine is a protein (RTS,S) mixed with an adjuvant (AS01). The ChAd63 ME-TRAP and MVA ME-TRAP vaccines are called viral vectored vaccines. They are made from viruses which are modified so that they can not multiply. The viruses have extra DNA in them so that after injection, the body makes malaria proteins (but malaria does not develop), so that the immune system builds a response to malaria without having been infected by it. Healthy volunteers will be recruited in England at three research sites: in Oxford, London and Southampton.

Enrollment

48 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 45 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

The volunteer must satisfy all the following criteria to be eligible for the study:

  • Healthy adults aged 18 to 45 years.
  • Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements.
  • Willing to allow the investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner.
  • Women only: Must practice continuous effective contraception for the duration of the study.
  • Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study and for at least 3 years after the end of their involvement in the study.
  • Written informed consent to participate in the trial.
  • Reachable (24/7) by mobile phone during the period between CHMI and completion of antimalarial treatment.
  • Willingness to take a curative anti-malaria regimen following CHMI.
  • For volunteers not living in Oxford: agreement to stay in a hotel room close to the trial centre during a part of the study (from at least day 6.5 post mosquito bite until anti-malarial treatment is completed).
  • Answer all questions on the informed consent quiz correctly.

Exclusion criteria

The volunteer may not enter the study if any of the following apply:

  • History of clinical malaria (any species).
  • Travel to a malaria endemic region during the study period or within the preceding six months with significant risk of malaria exposure.
  • Use of systemic antibiotics with known antimalarial activity within 30 days of CHMI (e.g. trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, doxycycline, tetracycline, clindamycin, erythromycin, fluoroquinolones and azithromycin)
  • Receipt of an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned receipt during the study period.
  • Prior receipt of an investigational malaria vaccine or any other investigational vaccine likely to impact on interpretation of the trial data. If any volunteers in Group 1 and 2 undergo rechallenge, this exclusion criterion does not extend to the vaccines previously received in the VAC055 trial
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed).
  • Use of immunoglobulins or blood products within 3 months prior to enrolment.
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine (e.g. egg products, Kathon) or malaria infection.
  • Any history of anaphylaxis post vaccination.
  • History of clinically significant contact dermatitis.
  • History of sickle cell anaemia, sickle cell trait, thalassaemia or thalassaemia trait or any haematological condition that could affect susceptibility to malaria infection.
  • Pregnancy, lactation or intention to become pregnant during the study.
  • Use of medications known to cause prolongation of the QT interval and existing contraindication to the use of Malarone
  • Use of medications known to have a potentially clinically significant interaction with Riamet and Malarone
  • Any clinical condition known to prolong the QT interval
  • History of cardiac arrhythmia, including clinically relevant bradycardia
  • Disturbances of electrolyte balance, eg, hypokalaemia or hypomagnesaemia
  • Family history of congenital QT prolongation or sudden death
  • Contraindications to the use of all three proposed anti-malarial medications; Riamet, Malarone and Chloroquine.
  • History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ).
  • History of serious psychiatric condition that may affect participation in the study.
  • Any other serious chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision.
  • Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 42 standard UK units every week.
  • Suspected or known injecting drug abuse in the 5 years preceding enrolment.
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) detected in serum.
  • Seropositive for hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV) at screening.
  • An estimated, ten year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease of ≥5%, as estimated by the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system.77
  • Positive family history in 1st and 2nd degree relatives < 50 years old for cardiac disease.
  • Volunteers unable to be closely followed for social, geographic or psychological reasons.
  • Any clinically significant abnormal finding on biochemistry or haematology blood tests, urinalysis or clinical examination. In the event of abnormal test results, confirmatory repeat tests will be requested. Absolute values for exclusion for confirmed abnormal results are shown in Section 17, Appendix A
  • Any other significant disease, disorder, or finding which may significantly increase the risk to the volunteer because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the volunteer to participate in the study or impair interpretation of the study data.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

48 participants in 4 patient groups

Group 1
Active Comparator group
Description:
Group 1 receive combination vaccination strategy: RTS,S/AS01B at weeks 0, ChAd63 ME-TRAP at week 2, RTS,S/AS01B at weeks 4 and 8, then MVA ME-TRAP at week 10 followed by sporozoite challenge (mosquito bite) at week 12.
Treatment:
Biological: MVA ME-TRAP
Biological: ChAd63 ME-TRAP
Biological: RTS,S/AS01B
Group 2
Active Comparator group
Description:
Group 2 receive three vaccinations (RTS,S/AS01B) at weeks 0, 4 and 8 followed by sporozoite challenge (mosquito bite) at week 12.
Treatment:
Biological: RTS,S/AS01B
Group 3
No Intervention group
Description:
Groups 3 is an infectivity-control group for the sporozoite challenge procedures: these volunteers will not be vaccinated. Group 3 will undergo sporozoite challenge at the same time as Group 1 and 2 volunteers (week 12).
Group 4
No Intervention group
Description:
Group 4 is an infectivity-control group for the sporozoite challenge procedures: these volunteers will not be vaccinated. Group 4 volunteers will be used as infectivity controls if any volunteers from groups 1 and 2 are rechallenged 5 - 7 months after the initial CHMI. CHMI may be administered in two separate cohorts if necessary due to limitations on volunteer availability.

Trial contacts and locations

4

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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