A Safety Study of SEA-CD70 in Patients With Myeloid Malignancies

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Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 1

Conditions

Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Treatments

Drug: azacitidine
Drug: SEA-CD70

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT04227847
2019-001917-18 (EudraCT Number)
SGNS70-101

Details and patient eligibility

About

This trial will look at a drug called SEA-CD70 with and without azacitidine, to find out if it is safe for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It will study SEA-CD70 to find out what its side effects are and if it works for AML and MDS. A side effect is anything the drug does besides treating cancer. This study will have six groups or "parts." * Part A will find out how much SEA-CD70 should be given to patients. * Part B will use the dose found in Part A to find out how safe SEA-CD70 is and if it works to treat patients with MDS. * Part C will use the dose found in Part A to find out how safe SEA-CD70 is and if it works to treat patients with AML. * Part D will find out how much SEA-CD70 with azacitidine should be given to patients. * Part E will use the dose found in Part D to find out how safe SEA-CD70 with azacitidine is and if it works to treat patients with MDS or MDS/AML that has not been treated. * Part F will use the dose found in Part D to find out how safe SEA-CD70 with azacitidine is and if it works to treat patients with MDS or MDS/AML.

Full description

This is a phase 1, open-label, multicenter, dose-finding, and dose expansion study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antitumor activity of SEA-CD70 monotherapy and SEA-CD70 in combination with azacitidine in adults with myeloid malignancies. The study will be conducted in up to 6 parts. Part A is a dose-escalation cohort designed to identify the MTD or recommended expansion dose of SEA-CD70 monotherapy in participants with relapsed/refractory (hypomethylating agent [HMA]-failure) MDS. Part B is an expansion cohort designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of SEA-CD70 monotherapy in participants with relapsed/refractory (HMA-failure) MDS. Part C is an expansion cohort designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of SEA-CD70 monotherapy in participants with relapsed/refractory AML. Part D contains dose-finding/dose optimization cohorts designed to evaluate the safety/tolerability and identify the recommended expansion dose of SEA-CD70 in combination with azacitidine in participants with 1) relapsed/refractory (HMA-failure) MDS or MDS/AML, and 2) previously untreated higher-risk per IPSS-M (Moderate High, High or Very High) MDS or MDS/AML. Part E is an expansion cohort designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of SEA-CD70 in combination with azacitidine in participants with previously untreated higher-risk per IPSS-M (Moderate High, High, or Very High) MDS or MDS/AML. Part F is an expansion cohort designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of SEA-CD70 in combination with azacitidine in participants with relapsed/refractory (HMA-failure) MDS or MDS/AML.

Enrollment

140 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Part A Inclusion Criteria

  • Participants with cytologically/histologically confirmed MDS according to the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification with the following:

    • Measurable disease per WHO MDS with excess blasts criteria as defined either:

      • 5%-9% blasts in the bone marrow or 2%-4% blasts in the peripheral blood or
      • 10%-19% blasts in the bone marrow or 5%-19% blasts in the peripheral blood
    • MDS that is relapsed or refractory and must not have other therapeutic options known to provide clinical benefit in MDS available.

    • Treatment failure after prior hypomethylating agent (HMA) therapy for MDS, defined as one of the following:

      • Progression (per 2006 International Working Group [IWG] criteria) at any time after initiation of HMA therapy.
      • Lack of response (failure to achieve complete remission [CR], partial response [PR], or hematologic improvement [HI] per 2006 IWG criteria) after at least 6 cycles of azacitidine (or equivalent HMA) or 4 cycles of decitabine (or equivalent HMA).
      • Relapse after achievement of CR, PR, or HI (per 2006 IWG criteria).
      • Intolerance of HMA (Grade 3 or higher non-hematologic toxicity leading to treatment discontinuation).
      • Participants with isolated 5q-/5q- syndrome must have progressed, failed, relapsed, or not tolerated lenalidomide in addition to HMA.
  • Must be off HMA therapy ≥ 2 weeks and must be off any other treatments for MDS for ≥ 4 weeks prior to first dose of SEA-CD70; growth factors and transfusions are allowed before and during the study as clinically indicated

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1

Part B Inclusion Criteria

  • Participants with cytologically/histologically confirmed MDS according to the WHO classification with the following:

    • Measurable disease per WHO MDS with excess blasts (MDS-EB) criteria as defined either:

      • 5%-9% blasts in the bone marrow or 2%-4% blasts in the peripheral blood, or
      • 10%-19% blasts in the bone marrow or 5%-19% blasts in the peripheral blood
    • MDS that is relapsed or refractory and must not have other therapeutic options known to provide clinical benefit in MDS available.

    • Treatment failure after prior HMA therapy for MDS defined as one of the following:

      • Progression (per 2006 IWG criteria) at any time after initiation of HMA therapy.
      • Lack of response (failure to achieve CR, PR, or HI per 2006 IWG criteria) after at least 6 cycles of azacitidine or 4 cycles of decitabine.
      • Relapse after achievement of CR, PR, or HI (per 2006 IWG criteria).
      • Intolerance of HMA (Grade 3 or higher non-hematologic toxicity leading to treatment discontinuation).
      • Participants with isolated 5q-/5q- syndrome must have progressed, failed, relapsed, or not tolerated lenalidomide in addition to HMA.
  • Must be off HMA therapy ≥ 2 weeks and must be off any other systemic treatments for MDS for ≥ 4 weeks prior to first dose of SEA-CD70; growth factors and transfusions are allowed before and during the study as clinically indicated.

  • ECOG Performance Status of 0-2

Part C Inclusion Criteria

  • Participants with relapsed or refractory AML according to International Consensus Classification (ICC) 2022 (except for acute promyelocytic leukemia [APL]):

    • Who have received either 2 or 3 previous regimens to treat active disease. Post-remission treatments, intrathecal chemotherapy, and radiotherapy are not considered previous regimens.

    • Who have received 1 previous regimen to treat active disease and have at least one of the following:

      • Age > 60 and ≤75 years.
      • Primary resistant AML (defined as failure to achieve CR after 1-2 courses of induction therapy)
      • First CR duration <6 months
      • Adverse-risk per European Leukemia Network genetic risk stratification
      • Secondary AML (prior history of MDS or therapy-related)
  • Age 18-75 years

  • ECOG performance status of 0-2

Parts D and F Inclusion Criteria

  • Participants with diagnosis of MDS or MDS/AML according to ICC 2022 criteria
  • Disease which has relapsed, failed to respond after minimum of 6 cycles, or progressed following an HMA in the immediately preceding line of therapy.
  • Eligible for continued therapy with azacitidine
  • Must be off any other systemic treatment for AML/MDS. Must be off HMA therapy ≥ (greater than or equal to) 2 weeks and any other systemic treatments for MDS for ≥ (greater than or equal to) 4 weeks prior to first dose of SEA-CD70
  • ECOG Performance Status 0-2

Parts D and E Inclusion Criteria

  • Participants with diagnosis of MDS or MDS/AML according to ICC 2022 criteria, previously untreated.

    • Participants with MDS/AML should not have AML-defining cytogenetics.
  • Participants with higher-risk (Moderate High, High, or Very High) per Molecular International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-M) MDS and MDS/AML

  • ECOG Performance Status 0-2

Exclusion Criteria (All Parts)

  • History of another malignancy within 3 years before the first dose of study drug or any evidence of residual disease from a previously diagnosed malignancy. Exceptions are malignancies with a negligible risk of metastasis or death.
  • Previous exposure to CD70-targeted agents
  • Prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant, for any condition
  • Central nervous system leukemia based on imaging or documented positive cytology in cerebral spinal fluid
  • History of clinically significant sickle cell anemia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Parts D and F only: Prior oral HMA or oral HMA-combinations

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Sequential Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

140 participants in 6 patient groups

Part A
Experimental group
Description:
SEA-CD70 dose escalation cohort in relapsed/refractory (HMA-failure) MDS
Treatment:
Drug: SEA-CD70
Part B
Experimental group
Description:
SEA-CD70 expansion cohort in relapsed/refractory (HMA-failure) MDS
Treatment:
Drug: SEA-CD70
Part C
Experimental group
Description:
SEA-CD70 expansion cohort in relapsed/refractory AML
Treatment:
Drug: SEA-CD70
Part D
Experimental group
Description:
SEA-CD70 + azacitidine dose-finding/dose optimization cohorts in relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/AML, and previously untreated higher-risk MDS or MDS/AML
Treatment:
Drug: SEA-CD70
Drug: azacitidine
Part E
Experimental group
Description:
SEA-CD70 + azacitidine expansion cohort in previously untreated higher-risk MDS or MDS/AML
Treatment:
Drug: SEA-CD70
Drug: azacitidine
Part F
Experimental group
Description:
SEA-CD70 + azacitidine expansion cohort in relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/AML
Treatment:
Drug: SEA-CD70
Drug: azacitidine

Trial contacts and locations

23

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Central trial contact

Seagen Trial Information Support

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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