A Single-center Clinical Trial of Bortezomib in Management of Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP)

S

Shandong University

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 2

Conditions

Immune Thrombocytopenia

Treatments

Drug: Bortezomib

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03013114
ITP-Bortezomib

Details and patient eligibility

About

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a disorder caused by autoantibody-mediated platelet destruction and decreased platelet production. It has been reported that refractory ITP is closely related to long-lived plasma cells (PCs), which are resistant to glucocorticoids, conventional immunosuppressive and cytotoxic drugs, irradiation and B-cell depletion therapies. Proteasome inhibition bortezomib is one of the most promising therapeutic approaches to target PCs, since this strategy has been shown to efficiently eliminate multiple myeloma cells, that is, transformed PCs. It also has been successfully used in SLE-like mice, experimental autoimmune MG rats and experimental hemophilia-A mice that develop anti-factor VIII antibodies in preclinical models by depleting both short-lived and long-lived PCs. Additionally, treatment with bortezomib resulted in a rapid clinical response in a patient with refractory thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura associated with the depletion of inhibitory autoantibodies against ADAMTS13, a metalloproteinase that cleaves the von Wille-brand factor, which is produced by plasma cells. Hence, the elimination of autoreactive PCs by proteasome inhibitors might represent a new treatment strategy for autoantibody-mediated diseases. To date, refractory ITP is lacking of effective treatments and these findings encouraged us to conduct a study of bortezomib in management of ITP with high anti-platelet antibodies level. Data from this study may provide some idea of bortezomib in the treatment of ITP.

Full description

The investigators are undertaking a single-center, single-arm study of 20 primary ITP adult patients from Shandong University Qilu Hospital . All the participants are selected to receive bortezomib treatment (given intravenously at a dose of 1.3mg/m2 on days 1,4,8,11). Platelet count, bleeding and other symptoms were evaluated before and after treatment. Adverse events are also recorded throughout the study.

Enrollment

20 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 70 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • failure to achieve at least Response
  • need of treatment(s) (including, but not limited to, low dose of corticosteroids) to minimize the risk of clinically significant bleeding. Need of on-demand or adjunctive therapy alone does not qualify the patient as refractory
  • primary ITP confirmed by excluding other supervened causes of thrombocytopenia

Exclusion criteria

  • pregnancy
  • hypertension
  • cardiovascular disease
  • diabetes
  • liver and kidney function impairment
  • HCV, HIV, HBsAg seropositive status
  • patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and/or antiphospholipid syndrome

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

20 participants in 1 patient group

Bortezomib
Experimental group
Description:
Bortezomib was given by intravenous bolus injection at a dose of 1.3 mg/m2 on days 1, 4, 8 and 11, repeated every 21 days. It will be given four cycles.
Treatment:
Drug: Bortezomib

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Ming Hou

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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