A Study of Atezolizumab Plus Nab-Paclitaxel in the Treatment of Unresectable Locally Advanced or Metastatic PD-L1-Positive Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (EL1SSAR)

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Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3


Triple-Negative Breast Cancer


Drug: Nab-Paclitaxel
Drug: Atezolizumab

Study type


Funder types



2019-002488-91 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility


Study MO39874 is an open-label, Phase IIIb, single arm, global study conducted in participants with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic PD-L1-positive Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) who have not received chemotherapy for their unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease.


184 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Unresectable locally advanced or metastatic, histologically documented TNBC (negative for HER2 and ER and PgR)
  • At least one specimen positive for PD-L1 status as determined by VENTANA PD-L1 SP142 IHC Assay
  • No prior chemotherapy, experimental or targeted systemic therapy for unresectable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
  • Measurable disease, as defined by RECIST v1.1
  • Adequate haematologic and end-organ function, defined by the following laboratory results obtained within 14 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
  • Negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test at screening
  • Negative total hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) test at screening, or positive HBcAb test followed by a negative hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) test at screening
  • Negative hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody test at screening, or positive HCV antibody test followed by a negative HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) test at screening
  • Patients with treated asymptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases are eligible, provided that all the following criteria are met: (a) The metastases are limited to the supratentorial region or cerebellum (b) No ongoing requirement for corticosteroids as therapy for CNS disease (c) No stereotactic radiation within 7 days or whole-brain radiation or neurosurgical resection within 2 weeks before the start of study treatment (d) Radiographic demonstration of interim stability between the completion of CNS-directed therapy and the screening imaging study.
  • Patients with a history of autoimmune disease (Appendix 2) are allowed if controlled and on stable treatment (i.e., same treatment, same dose) for the last 12 weeks
  • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of < 1% per year, during the treatment period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab or 6 months after the last dose of nab-paclitaxel/paclitaxel, whichever is later. In addition, women must refrain from donating eggs during the same time period
  • For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures and agreement to refrain from donating sperm
  • Women who are not postmenopausal (≥ 12 months of non-therapy-induced amenorrhea) or surgically sterile must have a negative serum pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to initiation of study drug

Exclusion criteria

Cancer- Specific Exclusion Criteria:

  • Spinal cord compression not definitively treated with surgery and/or radiation, or previously diagnosed and treated spinal cord compression without evidence that disease has been clinically stable for > 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1).
  • Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or any symptomatic CNS metastases
  • Uncontrolled symptomatic pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites
  • Uncontrolled tumour-related pain
  • Uncontrolled hypercalcemia (> 1.5 mmol/L ionized calcium or calcium > 12 mg/dL or corrected serum calcium > ULN) or symptomatic hypercalcemia requiring continued use of bisphosphonate therapy.
  • Malignancies other than breast cancer within 5 years prior to the first dose of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1), with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and treated with expected curative outcome

General Medical Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Evidence of significant uncontrolled concomitant disease that could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results, including significant liver disease
  • Significant cardiovascular disease such as New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac disease (Class II or greater), myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to the first dose of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1), unstable arrhythmias, or unstable angina
  • Severe infection within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1), including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteraemia, or severe pneumonia, or any active infection, that in the opinion of the investigator, could impact patient safety.
  • Treatment with oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1)
  • Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to the first dose of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1), or anticipation of the need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study (other than diagnostic procedures)
  • Treatment with investigational therapy within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1
  • Known hypersensitivity to nab-paclitaxel or any of the excipients, when nab-paclitaxel is used as a backbone taxane
  • Known hypersensitivity to paclitaxel or any of the excipients, when paclitaxel is used as a backbone taxane
  • Positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test at screening, unless the patient meets all of the following conditions: stable on anti-retroviral therapy, CD4 count ≥200/mL, undetectable viral load
  • Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications

Exclusion Criteria Related to Atezolizumab:

  • History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
  • Known hypersensitivity or allergy to biopharmaceuticals produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells or any component of the atezolizumab formulation
  • Prior allogenic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (including pneumonitis), drug-induced pneumonitis, organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan
  • Current treatment with anti-viral therapy for HBV
  • Active tuberculosis
  • Receipt of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1), or anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during atezolizumab treatment or within 5 months following the final dose of atezolizumab
  • Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies (including anti-CTLA4 antibodies), except for anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies.
  • Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including but not limited to interferons or IL-2) within 4 weeks or five half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1)
  • Only in patients without autoimmune disease: Treatment with systemic corticosteroids or other systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to prednisone, dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and antitumour necrosis factor [TNF] agents) within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1), or anticipated requirement for systemic immunosuppressive medications during the study

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

184 participants in 1 patient group

Atezolizumab plus Nab-Paclitaxel
Experimental group
Participants will receive Atezolizumab via intravenous (IV) infusion on Days 1 and 15 of every 28-day cycle in combination with Nab-Paclitaxel on Days 1, 8, and 15 (individually selected by the investigator) until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity, additionally until loss of clinical benefit as determined by the investigator or participant decision to discontinue treatment.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Drug: Nab-Paclitaxel

Trial contacts and locations



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