A Study of Efficacy and Safety of LAG525 in Combination With Spartalizumab, or With Spartalizumab and Carboplatin, or With Carboplatin, in Patients With Advanced Triple-negative Breast Cancer

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Status and phase

Phase 2


Triple-negative Breast Cancer


Drug: PDR001
Drug: LAG525
Drug: Carboplatin

Study type


Funder types



2017-004865-28 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility


The main purpose of this study was to assess the antitumor activity of three combinations: i) LAG525 + spartalizumab; ii) LAG525 + spartalizumab + carboplatin, and iii) LAG525 + carboplatin in participants with advanced triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) in first or second line therapy.

Full description

This was an open-label, Phase II, randomized, multicenter study to assess the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetic characteristics of the following three combinations: LAG525 + spartalizumab (PDR001) (Arm 1), LAG525 + spartalizumab (PDR001) + carboplatin (Arm 2), and LAG525 + carboplatin (Arm 3) in participants with advanced triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) which progressed after adjuvant or one prior line of systemic therapy for metastatic disease. Participants were assigned to one of the three treatment arms in a ratio of 1:1:1. In protocol amendment 3 (released on 28-Mar-2019), enrollment to treatment Arm 1 (LAG525 + spartalizumab) was prematurely closed due to a higher discontinuation rate due to progressive disease and all subsequent enrolled patients were randomized to Arms 2 and 3 only, in a ratio of 1:1. Study treatment continued until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, pregnancy, investigator/participant decision, start of a new anti-neoplastic therapy, withdrawal of consent, lost to follow-up, death, or study was terminated by the sponsor. The investigator might decide to stop carboplatin after 6 cycles, even if the above criteria were not met. Participants who continued to derive clinical benefit from the treatment based on the investigator's evaluation following their completion of this trial might receive post-trial access (PTA) i.e. rollover protocol or a post-study drug supply (PSDS). The end of study was defined as the earliest occurrence of one of the following: (1) all participants had died or (2) discontinued from the study, or (3) another clinical study became available that could continue to provide study treatment in this participant population and all ongoing participants were eligible to be transferred to that clinical study.


88 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Had advanced (loco-regionally recurrent not amenable to curative therapy or metastatic) breast cancer
  • Had adequate bone marrow and organ function.
  • Had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Had measurable disease, i.e., at least one measurable lesion as per RECIST 1.1 criteria (Tumor lesions previously irradiated or subjected to other loco-regional therapy was to be considered measurable if disease progression at the treated site after completion of therapy is clearly documented)
  • Progressed after adjuvant or 1 prior systemic treatment in the metastatic setting. Patients with de novo metastatic disease were eligible if they received 1 prior line of therapy
  • Had received prior systemic treatment that included taxane-based chemotherapy for adjuvant or metastatic disease
  • Had a site of disease amenable to biopsy, and was willing to undergo a new tumor biopsy at screening and during therapy on this study, the latter if medically feasible. Patients with an available archival tumor tissue did not need to perform a tumor biopsy at screening if patient had not received anti-cancer therapy since the biopsy was taken.
  • Had histologically and/or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced TNBC (based on most recently analyzed biopsy from locally recurrent or metastatic site, local lab) meeting the following criteria: HER2 negative in situ hybridization test or an IHC status of 0 or 1+, and ER and PR expression was <1 percent as determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC)

Exclusion criteria

  • Had received prior immune checkpoint inhibitors as anticancer treatment such as anti-LAG-3, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 antibody (any line of therapy)
  • Received prior neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy with a platinum agent or mitomycin and experienced recurrence within 12 months after the end of the platinum-based or mitomycin containing therapy or received Platinum or mitomycin for metastatic disease
  • Had major surgery within 14 days prior to starting study treatment or had not recovered to grade 1 or less from major side effects
  • Presence of CTCAE grade 2 toxicity or higher due to prior cancer therapy. Exception to this criterion; patients with any grade of alopecia were allowed to enter the study.
  • Had received radiotherapy ≤ 4 weeks prior to randomization (≤ 2 weeks for limited field radiation for palliation), and had not recovered to grade 1 or better from related side effects of such therapy (with the exception of alopecia)
  • Had a known hypersensitivity to other monoclonal antibodies, platinum-containing compounds, or to any of the excipients of LAG525, spartalizumab, or carboplatin
  • Had symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases or CNS metastases that required local CNS-directed therapy (such as radiotherapy or surgery), or increasing doses of corticosteroids within the 2 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment. Patients with treated brain metastases would be neurologically stable and without CNS progression for at least 12 weeks prior to randomization and had discontinued corticosteroid treatment (with the exception of < 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent for an indication other than CNS metastases) for at least 4 weeks before first dose of any study treatment
  • Had clinically significant cardiac disease or impaired cardiac function

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

88 participants in 3 patient groups

LAG525 + PDR001
Experimental group
Participants received LAG525 and PDR001 administered as infusion once every 3 weeks
Drug: LAG525
Drug: PDR001
LAG525 + PDR001 + carboplatin
Experimental group
Participants received LAG525, PDR001 and carboplatin administered as infusion once every 3 weeks.
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: LAG525
Drug: PDR001
LAG525 + carboplatin
Experimental group
Participants received LAG525 and carboplatin administered as infusion once every 3 weeks
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: LAG525

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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