A Study of Ferric Citrate to Improve Inflammation and Lipid Levels

N

NYU Langone Hospitals

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 4

Conditions

Chronic Inflammation
End Stage Renal Disease
Hyperphosphatemia

Treatments

Drug: Ferric Citrate

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT02661295
WUH 756275-1

Details and patient eligibility

About

The risk of cardiovascular mortality in patients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis is 10-100 times higher than the normal population. This is due in part to high levels of inflammation and vascular calcification found in these patients. Phosphate binders, particularly non-calcium based phosphate binders, may decrease cardiovascular risk by decreasing inflammation and vascular calcification. Ferric citrate a non-calcium based phosphate binder with approximately 210 mg of ferric iron has recently been approved for patients on hemodialysis. The effect of this phosphate binder on inflammation and lipid levels is unknown but investigators hypothesize that ferric citrate has the potential to improve inflammation and lipid levels in patients on hemodialysis by decreasing intravenous iron requirements and by improving lipid metabolism.

Full description

In patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving dialysis, the risk of cardiovascular death has been estimated to be 10-100 times higher than the general population without renal disease. This is due in part to high levels of inflammation and vascular calcification (large deposits of calcium in arteries) found in these patients. Chronic inflammation is particularly common in patients with ESRD. Parenteral iron therapy, which is common in patients on dialysis, may contribute to this inflammation and also a higher cardiovascular risk. Phosphate binders, particularly non-calcium based phosphate binders, may decrease cardiovascular risk by decreasing inflammation and vascular calcification. In a study of 10,044 hemodialysis patients, treatment with a phosphate binder was associated with improved survival. Ferric citrate a non-calcium based phosphate binder with approximately 210 mg of ferric iron has recently been approved for patients on hemodialysis. It has been shown to improve serum phosphorus levels and decrease intravenous iron requirements for patients on hemodialysis. The effect of this phosphate binder on inflammation and lipid levels is unknown but investigators hypothesize that ferric citrate has the potential to improve inflammation and lipid levels in patients on hemodialysis by decreasing intravenous iron requirements and by improving lipid metabolism. Ferric citrate has the potential to decrease cardiovascular risk through multiple mechanisms: acting as a non-calcium based binder to decrease serum phosphorus levels and vascular calcification, decreasing intravenous iron requirements which in turn may decrease inflammation, binding endotoxin (a harmful substance produced by microorganisms) in the gut and improving lipid metabolism. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of ferric citrate on inflammatory markers and lipid levels.

Enrollment

38 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Hemodialysis treatment for ≥ 6 months
  • Phosphate binder treatment for ≥ to 1 month
  • Maintenance iron therapy with no more than 125mg IV iron weekly≥ to 1 month
  • Serum phosphorus levels between 2.5 and 8 at screening
  • Serum phosphorus ≥ to 6.0 mg/dL after a 2 week washout period.
  • Serum ferritin ≥ 200 and < 600ng/ml after a 2 week washout period
  • Serum calcium levels within normal range
  • Predicted survival greater than 6 months

Exclusion criteria

  • Intact PTH< 70 pg/ml or > 1,000 pg/ml
  • Oral iron use
  • Vitamin C supplement use
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Active malignancy
  • Hemodialysis via an intravenous catheter or arteriovenous (AV) graft
  • Received > 250mg of IV iron over the two weeks prior to screening
  • Whole blood transfusion within 3 months prior to screening
  • Active bleeding other than from the dialysis access
  • Hospitalization within one month prior to screening
  • current infection
  • Ongoing or uncontrolled inflammatory disorder
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Likelihood of imminent renal transplantation

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

38 participants in 1 patient group

Ferric Citrate
Other group
Description:
Ferric citrate at a starting dose of 2 tablets with each meal will be given to all participants.
Treatment:
Drug: Ferric Citrate

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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