A Study of Lenalidomide and CC-486 With Radiation Therapy in Patients With Plasmacytoma

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) logo

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 2


Multiple Myeloma
Plasmacytoma of Bone


Drug: Lenalidomide
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Drug: CC-486

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to investigate if the combination of CC-486 with lenalidomide and radiation therapy is a safe and effective treatment for plasmacytoma.


21 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Cohort 1: Must meet all the following 3 criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed newly diagnosed or recurrent solitary plasmacytoma/lytic lesion (recurrent solitary plasmacytomas will be considered based on treating physician discretion for cases where they clinically plan to treat with RT alone) - Minimal marrow involvement (Detectable clonal bone marrow plasma cells by multicolor flow cytometry and </= 10% clonal plasma cells in a bone marrow biopsy by immunohistochemistry, morphology, or flow cytometry)
  • Secretory M protein < 3 g/dL

Cohort 2: Must meet all the following criteria:

  • Relapsed multiple myeloma with plasmacytomas/lytic lesion appropriate for RT on imaging
  • Relapsed (reappearance of M-spike/serum FLC) or progressive myeloma defined by a 25% increase from nadir in M-spike or involved serum FLB on 2 separate measurements; or with bone marrow involvement by clonal plasma cells detectable by IHC or flow cytometry.
  • Any prior number of therapies is permitted, including prior radiation therapy
  • Allogeneic transplant patients are permitted

All Cohorts:

  • Age >/= 18 years
  • Surgical resection of plasmacytoma or stabilization surgery is permitted if necessary based on physician judgement
  • ECOG performance status of 0-1
  • Anticipated lifespan greater than 3 months
  • Able and willing to give valid written informed consent
  • Creatinine clearance >/=30ml/min by Cockroft-Gault method. See section below, "Dosing Regimen", regarding lenalidomide dose adjustment for calculated creatinine clearance >/= 30ml/min and <60ml/min
  • Serum bilirubin levels </= 1.5 times the upper limit of the normal range for the laboratory (ULN). Higher levels are acceptable if these can be attributed to active hemolysis or ineffective erythropoiesis of Gilbert's syndrome
  • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) </= 2.5 x ULN

Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant and must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing a required in the Revlimid REMS program. They must be agreeable to use acceptable methods of birth control throughout the study and for at least 6 months after the last dose:

Recommendation is for 2 effective contraceptive methods during the study and for at least 6 months after the last dose. Adequate forms of contraception are double-barrier methods (condoms with spermicidal jelly or foam and diaphragm with spermicidal jelly or foam), oral, depo provera, or injectable contraceptive, intrauterine devices, and tubal ligation.

Agree to abstain from breastfeeding during study participation and for at least 90 days after the last dose of investigational product (IP). Men should be advised to not father a child while receiving treatment with azacitidine. Male patients with female partners who are of childbearing potential: Recommendation is for the patient and partner use at least 2 effective contraceptive methods, as described above, during the study and for 3 months following the last dose of study drug.

Refrain from semen or sperm donation while taking IP and for at least 90 days after the last dose of IP.

  • Willing to be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS program.
  • Able to take aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation (patients intolerant to ASA may use physician's choice of anticoagulation).
  • Able to swallow oral medication
  • Hematologic criteria: Hemoglobin >/= 9 g/dL, platelets >/= 50,000 and ANC >/= 1

Exclusion criteria

Subjects should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled:

  • Pregnant or breast feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking azacitidine).
  • Uncontrolled systemic fungal, bacterial or viral infection (defined as ongoing signs/symptoms related the infection without improvement despite appropriate antibiotics, antiviral therapy and/or other treatment)
  • History of inflammatory bowel disease (eg, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), celiac disease (ie, sprue), prior gastrectomy or upper bowel removal, or any other gastrointestinal disorder or defect that would interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of the study drug and/or predispose the subject to an increased risk of gastrointestinal toxicity
  • Abnormal coagulation parameters without any known etiology (PTT > 45 seconds, and/or INR > 1.5). Patients currently on therapeutic anti-coagulation treatment are exempt from these parameters.

Significant active cardiac disease within the previous 6 months including:

NYHA class 4 CHF Unstable angina Myocardial infarction

  • known or suspected hypersensitivity to azacitidine or mannitol
  • Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide or lenalidomide
  • The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs
  • Active viral infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) as determined by a positive Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) will be excluded. Patients who are seropositive because of HBV vaccine are eligible. Seropositive status-antibody positive patients with negative PCR on two occasions will be eligible
  • Concurrent systemic chemotherapy with drugs other than CC-486 and lenalidomide.
  • Patients on tacrolimus therapy

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

21 participants in 1 patient group

Participants with Plasmacytoma
Experimental group
Participants will have solitary bone plasmacytoma with minimal marrow involvement and participants with relapsed multiple myeloma with plasmacytomas
Drug: CC-486
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Drug: Lenalidomide

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Alexander Lesokhin, MD; Urvi Shah, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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