A Study of Nimotuzumab in Combination With Radiation Therapy in Patients With Brain Metastases

Y

YM BioSciences

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 2

Conditions

Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Treatments

Drug: nimotuzumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT00872482
YMB1000-018

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a randomized, Phase II study designed to investigate Nimotuzumab plus whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT)and to compare it rith WBRT alone in patients with brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy of nimotuzumab in combination with WBRT.

Full description

A phase II, randomized, controlled, double blinded and multicenter study with 2 arms, administering the study drug during radiotherapy and following radiotherapy until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or at the discretion of the physician. Randomization will be done 2:1 (experimental:control). Chemotherapy can be added before documented disease progression at the discretion of the physician. The primary objective is to assess the efficacy of Nimotuzumab in combination with WBRT. The primary endpoint is intracranial disease progression over 6 months. The secondary endpoints are overall survival (OS); time to neurologic progression (TNP) or death with evidence of neurologic progression; OS rate at 6 months; time to intracranial disease progression; and time to overall progression. Tissue samples and serum will be collected for future correlative studies. All the images will be centrally reviewed at the end of study.

Enrollment

21 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Providing a written informed consent (see Appendix A);
  • Age ≥18 years;
  • Histologic or cytologic confirmed diagnosis of NSCLC of any epithelial type (squamous, adenocarcinoma, large cell, or other);
  • At least one newly diagnosed measurable metastatic lesion from NSCLC in the brain;
  • Patient had initial diagnosis of brain metastases by image, within 8 weeks of registration
  • KPS ≥70;
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500/mm³;
  • Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm³;
  • Serum creatinine ≤2.0 mg/dL;
  • Serum transaminases ≤2 x the upper limit of normal (ULN);
  • Total serum bilirubin ≤2 x ULN;
  • And a lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ≤1.3 x ULN.

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnancy, lactation or parturition within the previous 30 days (fertile female or male patients should practice contraception);
  • Prior WBRT, brain metastases resection with no other measurable lesion remaining;
  • Extracranial metastases in two or more organs;
  • Known leptomeningeal or subarachnoid tumor spread;
  • Plan to use radiosurgery or radiation boost after completion of WBRT;
  • Plan to use chemotherapy or any other systemic antineoplastic modality during WBRT;
  • Previous use of an anti-EGFR drug;
  • Participation in another ongoing therapeutic trial;
  • Presence of known HIV seropositivity, severe comorbidities, or other malignant neoplasm within 5 years (except adequately treated basal- or squamous-cell carcinoma of skin or in situ carcinoma of the uterine cervix);
  • Hypersensitivity or allergy to any of the drugs to be administered in this study;
  • Inability or unwillingness to complete the required assessments;
  • Geographic inaccessibility for treatment or follow-up evaluations.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

21 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

1
Experimental group
Description:
Nimotuzumab (200 mg fixed dose) will be administered by the intravenous route weekly during WBRT and following WBRT. Radiotherapy will consist of 30 Gy, in 10 fractions of 3 Gy/day.
Treatment:
Drug: nimotuzumab
2
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
A placebo will be administered by the intravenous route weekly during WBRT and following WBRT. Radiotherapy will consist of 30 Gy, in 10 fractions of 3 Gy/day.
Treatment:
Drug: nimotuzumab

Trial contacts and locations

15

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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