A Study of Rifabutin, Used Alone or With Ethambutol in the Prevention of Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) Bacteremia in Patients With AIDS

P

Pharmacia & Upjohn

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare Infection
HIV Infections

Treatments

Drug: Rifabutin
Drug: Ethambutol hydrochloride

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT00002343
CS 087287-000
048E

Details and patient eligibility

About

To optimize Mycobacterium avium Complex (MAC) prophylaxis in AIDS patients by measuring serum rifabutin levels and adjusting the dose accordingly. To combine rifabutin with ethambutol to examine the effect of combination therapy in preventing or delaying the incidence of MAC bacteremia in this patient population.

Full description

Patients are randomized to receive oral rifabutin alone or rifabutin/ethambutol daily for 12 months, with possible continuation of medicine lifelong. Doses will be adjusted to maintain minimum blood levels of the drugs.

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Required:

  • AZT, d4T, ddI, or ddC.
  • Antipneumocystis prophylaxis.

Allowed:

  • Short course (< 14 days) of ciprofloxacin for acute infections.

Patients must have:

  • AIDS.
  • CD4 count <= 100 cells/mm3.
  • NO prior or current MAC infection.

Prior Medication:

Required:

  • Antipneumocystis prophylaxis for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry.

Allowed:

  • Prior rifabutin.
  • Prior ethambutol.
  • Prior clarithromycin.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Positive tuberculin skin test (PPD > 5 mm).
  • Active M. tuberculosis.
  • Perceived as unreliable or unavailable for frequent monitoring.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Other antiretrovirals not specifically allowed.
  • All investigational drugs.
  • Other antimycobacterial therapy, such as clarithromycin, azithromycin, rifampin, clofazimine, amikacin, streptomycin, isoniazid, cycloserine, ethionamide, and ciprofloxacin (>= 14 days).

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

Known hypersensitivity to rifabutin, rifampin, or other rifamycins and/or ethambutol.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks prior to study entry:

  • Rifampin.
  • Isoniazid.
  • Clofazimine.
  • Cycloserine.
  • Ethionamide.
  • Amikacin.
  • Ciprofloxacin.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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