A Study of Single Dose Nevirapine (NVP) Combined With Combivir® for the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (pMTCT) - Treatment Options Preservation Study (TOPS)

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Boehringer Ingelheim

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Treatments

Drug: Zidovudine (ZCV)
Drug: Nevirapine (NVP)
Drug: 3TC

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT00144183
MCC N2/19/8/2(1958);
1100.1413

Details and patient eligibility

About

To determine whether a regimen of single dose nevirapine combined with either 4 or 7 days of Combivir®, compared to a regimen of single dose nevirapine, for the prevention of mother to child transmission can reduce the rate of development of drug resistant mutations of HIV-1, in HIV-1 infected pregnant women, who have not received antiretroviral therapy previously.

Full description

An open-label, randomised, multicentre study to determine whether a regimen of single dose nevirapine combined with either 4 or 7 days of Combivir, compared to a regimen of single dose nevirapine, for the prevention of mother to child transmission can reduce the rate of development of drug resistant mutations of HIV-1, in HIV-1 infected pregnant women, who have not received antiretroviral therapy previously. An interim analysis of the first 61 patients showed that a clinical and statistical difference exists between the occurrence of HIV-1 NNRTI resistant mutations in the single dose nevirapine only arm (50%) and the two other combination arms (9%). These findings partially answered the objectives outlined in the initial objectives. Consequently enrolment onto the single dose nevirapine arm was terminated. The objective of the trial was modified to compare whether either the 4 or the 7 day combination of ZDV+3TC and nevirapine would result in any significant reduction in the incidence of nevirapine resistance. Study Hypothesis: Evaluations of HIV-1 resistance patterns in trials of pMTCT have demonstrated nevirapine resistant HIV-1 isolates in approximately 15-20% of mothers 4-6 weeks after receiving either a single or two dose 200mg nevirapine regimen. Although the ability to detect these genotypic mutations decreases to 0% by about 18 months, it is not clear whether this resistance is clinically significant.(HIVNET 012). Empirically then it would seem useful to develop a strategy to diminish the emergence of this early resistance, therefore this study is proposed to evaluate whether the effect of 4 or 7 days of 3TC+ ZDV added to a single dose nevirapine regimen for the prevention of MTCT will prevent the emergence of resistance to nevirapine. Comparison(s): ACTG 076, Thai, PETRA , HIVNET 006/012, SAINT

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Pregnant women identified at antenatal clinics after from 34 weeks gestation and who are antiretroviral drug naive.
  • Mothers with a documented positive HIV Rapid test confirmed by a detectable HI V-1 RNA PCR (viral load).
  • Mother to have a screening viral load of > 2000 RNA copies/mL.

Exclusion criteria

  • Mothers who, in the opinion of the investigator ,cannot be relied on to return with their infants for postnatal visits.
  • Mothers who have received any antiretroviral drugs previously.
  • Clinical suspicion of intra-uterine foetal death
  • Unwillingness or inability to reasonably comply with the protocol requirements.
  • Use of any other investigational product during the pregnancy and for the dura tion of the study period.
  • Patients with a recent history of pancreatitis or peripheral neuropathy.
  • Patients with renal failure requiring dialysis.
  • Patients with evidence of hepatic dysfunction as measured by total bilirubin > 2.5 times ULN or AST/ALT > 5 times ULN at the screening visit.
  • Patients with any one of the following additional laboratory abnormalities at screening : Haemoglobin concentration < 7.5 g/dl. Neutrophil count < 750 cells/mm3. Platelet count < 75,000 cells/mm3. Serum amylase > 2 x ULN.
  • recent history ( during the pregnancy) of drug abuse or alcoholism.
  • Mothers who will undergo elective caesarean section.
  • If known prior to delivery, mothers with foetuses with anomalies incompatible with life.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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