A Study of the C3 Complement Inhibitor AMY-101 in Adults With Gingivitis

A

Amyndas Pharmaceuticals

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Gingivitis

Treatments

Drug: AMY-101
Other: Water for injection

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03694444
AMY-101/perio1

Details and patient eligibility

About

A Phase 2a Clinical Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Complement 3 Inhibitor Analog, AMY-101, in Adults with gingivitis. The study is a 3-month randomized, double-blind, split-mouth study of adults with existing chronic periodontal inflammation determined by the level of gingival index and bleeding on probing. The primary endpoint of change in gingival index will be evaluated at 21, 28 and 90 days after initial treatment (baseline treatment). Subjects will also be followed at Day 3, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 90 for safety evaluations. Change in bleeding on probing plaque index, pocket depth, clinical attachment level and GCF levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and complement factors will be assessed as secondary outcome measures. Composition of subgingival biofilm will be assessed as an exploratory endpoint. Subjects who meet inclusion criteria will be enrolled in the study and sites will be randomized to treatment groups (AMY-101 or placebo) in split mouth design. After clinical assessments and sample collection at baseline, both test and placebo treatments will be administered to each of the interproximal papilla and will be repeated on Day 7 and 14.

Enrollment

39 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Provision of signed and dated informed consent form.
  • Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study.
  • Age 18-65 years old.
  • Equal to or greater than 18 natural teeth present (excluding third molars).
  • Generalized periodontal inflammation determined by modified gingival index and percent bleeding on probing (MGI≥2.0, BOP ≥ 40%).
  • In good general health as evidenced by medical history.
  • For women of reproductive potential, use of licensed hormonal contraception or barrier methods or abstinence for at least 1 month prior to screening and agreement to use such a method during study participation.
  • For men of reproductive potential, agreement to use condoms or other methods to ensure effective contraception with partner.

Exclusion criteria

  • Presence of orthodontic appliances (including fixed lingual retainer).
  • A soft or hard tissue tumor of the oral cavity.
  • Carious lesions requiring immediate treatment.
  • Participation in any other clinical study within 30 days of screening or during the study.
  • Antibiotic therapy within the last 30 days.
  • Chronic use (≥3 times/week) of anti-inflammatory medications [e.g., non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroids]. Low dose (<325 mg) aspirin is allowed.
  • Immune compromised subjects (e.g., subjects with HIV infection, neutropenia, complement deficiency, etc.).
  • Any medical history or any concomitant medication that might affect the assessment of the study treatment or periodontal tissues, such as diabetes (irrespective of level of control), rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, nifedipine, phenytoin (Dilantin), anticoagulant medications (e.g., warfarin [Coumadin] etc.), ongoing cancer treatment either with radiation or chemotherapy.
  • Involvement in the planning or conduct of the study.
  • History of any clinically significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, may either put the subject at risk because of participation in the study, or interfere with interpretation of the subject's study results.
  • Pregnancy or lactation.
  • Uncontrolled chronic diseases (e.g., kidney disease, COPD, pulmonary fibrosis, Hepatitis C)
  • Autoimmune disorders (Down's Syndrome, Sjogren's Disease, Psoriasis, Chediak-Higashi Syndrome)
  • Conditions requiring antibiotic prophylaxis.
  • Periodontal therapy within the past one year.
  • Gross tooth decay, as determined by the investigator.
  • Periodontal or dental abscesses.
  • Root fragments, pericoronitis, endo-perio lesions.
  • Use of cigarettes or other tobacco products (including e-cigarette or recreational drug use) within 1 year before the screening visit.

Trial design

39 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

AMY-101 treatment
Active Comparator group
Description:
Subjects who meet inclusion criteria will be enrolled in the study and sites will be randomized to treatment groups (AMY-101 or placebo) in split mouth design. In the AMY-101 treatment arm after clinical assessments and sample collection at baseline, test treatments will be administered to each of the interproximal papilla and will be repeated on Day 7 and 14.
Treatment:
Drug: AMY-101
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Subjects who meet inclusion criteria will be enrolled in the study and sites will be randomized to treatment groups (AMY-101 or placebo) in split mouth design. In the placebo arm, after clinical assessments and sample collection at baseline, placebo treatments will be administered to each of the interproximal papilla and will be repeated on Day 7 and 14.
Treatment:
Other: Water for injection

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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