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A Study of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan (T-DXd) Versus Trastuzumab Emtansine (T-DM1) in High-risk HER2-positive Participants With Residual Invasive Breast Cancer Following Neoadjuvant Therapy (DESTINY-Breast05)

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Daiichi Sankyo

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

HER2-Positive Primary Breast Cancer
Residual Invasive Breast Cancer

Treatments

Drug: DS-8201a
Drug: T-DM1

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NETWORK
Industry

Identifiers

NCT04622319
NSABP B-60 (Other Identifier)
DESTINY-Breast05 (Other Identifier)
DS8201-A-U305
SOLTI-2001 (Other Identifier)
2020-003982-20 (EudraCT Number)
GBG-103 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Patients with HER2-positive primary breast cancer (BC) who do not achieve complete response after appropriate neoadjuvant therapy are at higher risk of disease recurrence. More effective treatment options are needed for this patient population. This study will examine the efficacy and safety of trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd) compared with trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in high-risk patients with residual invasive breast cancer following neoadjuvant therapy.

Full description

This study will examine trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd) versus trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in patients with HER2-positive primary BC who have residual invasive disease in breast or axillary lymph nodes with higher risk of recurrence, which includes patients who were inoperable at disease presentation or had pathological node-positive status after neoadjuvant therapy.

The primary objective is to compare invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) between T-DXd and T-DM1 treatment arms in this population. The key secondary objective of the study is to evaluate disease-free survival (DFS).

Enrollment

1,600 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults ≥18 years old (local regulatory requirements will apply if the legal age of consent for study participation is >18 years old).

  • Pathologically documented HER2-positive breast cancer (BC):

    • HER2-positive expression defined as an immunohistochemistry (IHC) score of 3+ and/or positive by in situ hybridization (ISH) confirmed prior to study randomization.
  • Histologically confirmed invasive breast carcinoma.

  • Clinical stage at disease presentation: T1-4, N0-3, M0; patients presenting with T1N0 tumors are not eligible.

  • Pathologic evidence of residual invasive carcinoma in the breast and/or axillary lymph nodes following completion of neoadjuvant therapy meeting one of the following high-risk criteria:

    • Inoperable breast cancer at presentation (prior to neoadjuvant therapy), defined as clinical stages T4, N0-3, M0 or T1-3, N2-3, M0.
    • Operable at presentation, defined as clinical stages T1-3,N0-1,M0, with axillary node positive disease (ypN1-3) following neoadjuvant therapy.
  • Completion of neoadjuvant systemic therapy, including taxane-based chemotherapy and HER2-directed treatment prior to surgery.

    • Systemic therapy must consist of at least 6 cycles of neoadjuvant therapy with a total duration of at least 16 weeks, including at least 9 weeks of trastuzumab (± pertuzumab) and at least 9 weeks of taxane-based chemotherapy to be completed prior to surgery. Patients may have received an anthracycline as part of neoadjuvant therapy in addition to taxane chemotherapy.
  • Adequate excision as confirmed per medical records: surgical removal of all clinically evident disease in the breast and axillary lymph nodes.

  • An interval of no more than 12 weeks between the date of last surgery and the date of randomization.

  • Known hormone receptor (HR) status, per local laboratory assessment, as defined by ASCO-CAP guidelines (≥1%): HR positive status defined by either positive estrogen receptor (ER) and/or positive progesterone receptor (PR).

status. HR-negative status defined by both known negative ER and known negative PR.

  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥50% within 28 days prior to randomization.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 at Screening.
  • Has adequate organ function within 14 days before randomization.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Stage IV (metastatic) BC.

  • History of any prior (ipsi- or contralateral) breast cancer except lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS).

  • Evidence of clinically evident gross residual or recurrent disease following neoadjuvant therapy and surgery.

  • Prior treatment with T-DXd, T-DM1 or other anti-HER2 antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) or prior enrollment in a clinical study of T-DXd (regardless of treatment arm)

  • History of exposure to the following cumulative doses of anthracyclines:

    • Doxorubicin > 240 mg/m^2
    • Epirubicin or Liposomal Doxorubicin-Hydrochloride > 480 mg/m^2
    • For other anthracyclines, exposure equivalent to doxorubicin > 240 mg/m^2
  • History of other malignancy within the last 5 years except for appropriately treated CIS of the cervix, nonmelanoma skin carcinoma, Stage I melanoma skin carcinoma, Stage I uterine cancer, or other appropriately treated non-breast malignancies with an outcome similar to those mentioned above.

  • History of (noninfectious) interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis that required steroids and/or has ILD/pneumonitis noted on computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest at Screening (asymptomatic interstitial changes confined to recent radiation therapy fields are not excluded).

  • Known pulmonary compromise resulting from intercurrent pulmonary illnesses including, but not limited to, any underlying pulmonary disorder (eg, pulmonary emboli within three months prior to randomization, severe asthma, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], restrictive lung disease).

  • Any autoimmune, connective tissue or inflammatory disorders (eg, Rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's, sarcoidosis, etc) where there is documented or a suspicion of pulmonary involvement or pneumonectomy at the time of screening.

  • Medical history of myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months before randomization, symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF) (New York Heart Association Class II to IV), troponin levels consistent with MI as defined according to the manufacturer 28 days prior to randomization.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

1,600 participants in 2 patient groups

Trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd)
Experimental group
Description:
Participants who will be randomized to receive trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd) at a starting dose of 5.4 mg/kg.
Treatment:
Drug: DS-8201a
Trastuzumab ematansine (T-DM1)
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants who will be randomized to receive trastuzumab ematansine (T-DM1) at a starting dose of 3.6 mg/kg.
Treatment:
Drug: T-DM1

Trial contacts and locations

483

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Central trial contact

Daiichi Sankyo Contact for Clinical Trial Information; (Asia sites) Daiichi Sankyo Contact for Clinical Trial Information

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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