A Study on the Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity of ALZ-101 in Participants With Early Alzheimer's Disease

A

Alzinova

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 1

Conditions

Alzheimer Disease
Dementia, Mild
Dementia Alzheimers

Treatments

Other: Placebo
Biological: ALZ-101

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT05328115
ALZ-C-001
2019-002277-62 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of the vaccine ALZ-101 against Alzheimer's Disease. Patients diagnosed with early Alzheimer's will be included. The study have two parts. The Part A (including A1 and A2), includes four doses of ALZ-101 or corresponding placebo given over 16 weeks. Participant will be followed up to Week 30 in Part A1 and either continue in the extension part of the study, Part B, or complete Part A1. Participant not eligible to Part B will be followed up until Week 68 with no further dosing. Participant eligible for Part B will be treated with 2 doses of open-label ALZ-101, over 16 weeks and followed up during in total 68 weeks (Part A1 and B). Part A2 participants will be followed over 20 weeks.

Enrollment

33 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

50 to 83 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Main inclusion criteria in Part A:

  1. Male and female subjects between 50 and 83 years (inclusive) of age at the time of informed consent

  2. Subjects capable of providing valid independent informed consent and signing the informed consent form (the subjects' capacity to provide valid consent should be determined in accordance with applicable professional standards, and will be based on the Investigator's judgement)

  3. Subjects with MCI due to AD or mild AD according to National Institute of Aging - Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) core clinical criteria; subjects must have all of the following at screening:

    1. CDR global score (GS) of 0.5 or 1
    2. CDR memory score of ≥0.5
    3. MMSE score of ≥20 points
  4. Screening CSF results showing a pattern consistent with amyloid plaque load and indicative of AD pathology. The CSF results will be evaluated by the Investigator and will take into account the Aβ42/40 ratio (cut-off level set by the laboratory)

  5. If the subject is receiving an acetylcholine esterase inhibitor (AChEI) or memantine or both for the treatment of MCI or AD, this treatment must be on a stable dosage for at least 8 weeks prior to the first dosing of IMP. Treatment-naïve subjects may also be entered into the study

  6. Subjects must have an identified, reliable and knowledgeable study partner who is willing and able to support the participant and to provide follow-up information on the study participant throughout the course of the study. This person must, in the opinion of the Investigator, spend sufficient time with the study participant on a regular basis such that he or she can reliably fulfil the requirements of being a study partner (however, a study partner does not need to be living in the same household with the study participant)

Main inclusion criteria in Part B:

  1. Male and female subjects who have completed Visit 15 of Part A and are willing to continue in Part B of the study
  2. Subjects providing informed consent and signing the informed consent form. In case a subject is considered not to be capable of providing valid independent informed consent, the subject's legally acceptable representative (LAR) should consent to the study on behalf of the subject. In such a case, the subject should provide informed assent to continue in the study
  3. Subjects must have an identified, reliable and knowledgeable study partner who is willing and able to support the participant and to provide follow-up information on the study participant throughout the course of the study. This person must, in the opinion of the Investigator, spend sufficient time with the study participant on a regular basis such that he or she can reliably fulfil the requirements of being a study partner.

Main exclusion criteria in Part A:

  1. Subjects having any contraindication to MRI scanning; or are unable to undergo brain MRI scanning according to the standard criteria of the MRI unit; or the Investigator believes that the subject will not be able to undergo further scans scheduled during the course of the study

  2. Screening MRI (3T) results showing evidence of clinically significant pathological lesions that could indicate a dementia-associated diagnosis other than early AD or cause a safety risk for the participant (a list of possible exclusionary findings is included in the main protocol text)

  3. Modified Hachinski Ischemia Score (mHIS) >4 at screening

  4. History of a cerebrovascular incident, including transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke, within 12 months of screening

  5. Subject with a history of seizures within 2 years of screening

  6. Any psychiatric diagnosis or symptoms (e.g. hallucinations, major depression, delusions, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could interfere with study procedures or assessments or participant safety. A subject with depression may, however, be included if treated with a stable dose of antidepressants for at least 8 weeks before screening and not fulfilling DSM-5 criteria for major depression at screening

  7. Significant risk of suicide (defined using the Columbia Suicide Severity Scale [C-SSRS], with the subject answering "yes" to suicidal ideation questions 4 or 5 or answering "yes" to suicidal behaviour) within 12 months of screening

  8. Disorder related to alcohol or drug abuse, as defined in DSM-5, within 2 years prior to screening

  9. Evidence of current or history of any significant autoimmune disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could interfere with evaluation of the study results or constitute a health hazard for the subject

  10. Evidence of an immune system that is compromised; including, but not limited to, a diagnosis of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus); or the subject has been splenectomised or has received an organ transplant (corneal transplants excluded), or is receiving chronic systemic immunosuppressive medication

  11. Evidence of current clinically significant and possibly unstable pulmonary, gastrointestinal, renal, hepatic, endocrine, hematological or cardiovascular system disease or metabolic disturbance

  12. Diagnosis of cancer (hematological or solid tumor) for which the subject is currently being treated, or for which there has been treatment within 5 years preceding screening, or for which there is still evidence of active disease. Subjects with local prostate cancer or local dermatological tumors, such as basal or squamous cell carcinoma, may be included

  13. Any clinically significant abnormalities in laboratory tests, vital signs, ECG or physical examination findings at screening that in the opinion of the Investigator require further investigation or treatment, or may interfere with study procedures or safety. These may include, but are not limited to, the following:

    1. estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR) <30 ml/min/1.73 m2, based on the CKD-EPI (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) equation
    2. plasma total bilirubin value >2 times the upper limit of the reference range
    3. plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) or aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT) value >2 times the upper limit of the reference range
    4. low vitamin B12 or folate values that are considered to be clinically significant in relation to cognitive impairment. In such cases, re-screening is permissible after supplementation therapy has been provided for a sufficient time
    5. prolonged QTcF interval of >470 ms
  14. Clinically suspected active neuroborreliosis, confirmed by the presence of Borrelia antibodies in CSF

  15. Contraindication to lumbar puncture (LP). These contraindications may include, but are not limited to, the following:

    1. increased intracranial pressure (ICP)
    2. skin infection at the LP site
    3. significant lumbar spine deformity
    4. bleeding diathesis (e.g., significant thrombocytopenia)
    5. taking anticoagulant therapy (e.g., warfarin, dabigatran, apixaban, or other blood factor or thrombin inhibitor). Use of anti-platelet therapy (e.g. low dose aspirin) may be permitted if deemed appropriate in the Investigator's judgement
  16. Current or anticipated use, or recent prior use (pre-study time limits specified in the main protocol text) of disallowed concomitant treatment

  17. Any vaccination within 2 weeks prior to screening

  18. History of severe drug allergy (anaphylactic shock or drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome), or known hypersensitivity to vaccines, including constituents of vaccines Having received in another clinical trial

    1. any therapeutic monoclonal antibody, protein derived from a monoclonal antibody or immunoglobulin therapy within 6 months before screening
    2. active anti-amyloid immunization or other active immunization for the treatment of AD
    3. any other investigational medication (unless it can be documented that the subject received only placebo) or device within 3 months or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) before screening
  19. Any condition that may be contributing to cognitive impairment above and beyond that caused by the subject's early AD 21. Disease or medication that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could interfere with the assessments of safety, tolerability or immunogenicity 22. Planned surgery that would take place during the double-blind treatment period of the study. Planned surgery not requiring general anaesthesia need not result in exclusion, if in the opinion of the Investigator this operation does not interfere with study procedures and participant safety 23. Blood donation or loss of significant amount of blood within 3 months prior to the first screening visit 24. Female subjects of childbearing potential

Main exclusion criteria in Part B:

  1. Any new condition that may be contributing to cognitive impairment above and beyond that caused by the subject's AD
  2. Any new disease or medication that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could interfere with the assessments of safety, tolerability or immunogenicity or constitute a health hazard for the subject participating in Part B of the study; however, a new disease or medication that would prevent CSF sample collection in Part B need not result in exclusion

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

33 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

ALZ-101 125 μg
Active Comparator group
Description:
Intramuscular injection of 125 μg of ALZ-101 adjuvanted vaccine dosed once a month at four doses
Treatment:
Biological: ALZ-101
ALZ-101 250 μg
Active Comparator group
Description:
Intramuscular injection of 250 μg of ALZ-101 adjuvanted vaccine dosed once a month at four doses
Treatment:
Biological: ALZ-101
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Intamuscular Saline solution mixed adjuvant and dosed once a month at four doses
Treatment:
Other: Placebo
ALZ-101 400 μg
Active Comparator group
Description:
Intramuscular injection of 400 μg of ALZ-101 adjuvanted vaccine dosed once a month at four doses
Treatment:
Biological: ALZ-101

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Karin Arnesson, CPM; Kirsten Harting, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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