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A Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of KarXT for the Treatment of Psychosis Associated With Alzheimer's Disease (ADEPT-1)

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Karuna Therapeutics

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 3

Conditions

Psychosis Associated With Alzheimer's Disease

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: KarXT

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT05511363
KAR-031
CN012-0026

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a Phase 3, 38-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, outpatient study in subjects with psychosis associated with Alzheimer's Disease.

The primary objective of the study is to evaluate relapse prevention in subjects with psychosis associated with Alzheimer's Disease treated with KarXT compared to placebo. The secondary objectives of the study are to evaluate the time from randomization to discontinuation for any reason and safety and tolerability in subjects with psychosis associated with Alzheimer's Disease treated with KarXT compared to placebo.

Enrollment

380 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

55 to 90 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Is aged 55 to 90 years, inclusive, at Screening

  2. Can understand the nature of the study and protocol requirements and provide a signed informed consent form before any study assessments are performed. If the subject is deemed not competent to provide consent, the following requirements for consent must be met.

    1. The subject's legally acceptable representative or caregiver/study partner, if local regulations allow, must provide informed consent
    2. The subject must provide informed assent
  3. Meets clinical criteria for possible or probable Alzheimer's Disease

  4. Has a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the brain (completed within the past 5 years) taken during or subsequent to the onset of dementia to rule out other central nervous system (CNS) disease that could account for the dementia syndrome. If not available, a non-contrast brain MRI or non-contrast head CT must be done during screening.

  5. Living at the same home or residential assisted-living facility for a minimum of six weeks before Screening

  6. Capable of self-locomotion (alone or with the aid of an assistive device) and have an identified or proxy caregiver (spends approximately 10 hours/week with the subject) that is willing to:

    1. Attend all visits and report on subject's status
    2. Oversee subject compliance with medication and study procedures
    3. Participate in the study assessments and provide informed consent to participate in the study
  7. History of psychotic symptoms (meeting International Psychogeriatric Association [IPA] criteria) for at least 2 months prior to Screening.

  8. Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S) scale with a score ≥4 (moderate) at Screening and Baseline. CGI-S requires the assessor to consider aspects of the psychosis prior to providing a global assessment of severity. These aspects include hallucinations and delusions.

  9. Subjects are required to meet at least one of the following criteria at Screening and Baseline:

    1. Moderate to severe delusions, defined as Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Clinician (NPI-C): Delusions domain score of ≥2 on two of the eight items OR
    2. Moderate to severe hallucinations, defined as NPI-C: Hallucinations domain score of ≥ 2 on two of the seven items.
  10. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 8 to 22, inclusive, at Screening

  11. If the subject is taking a cholinesterase inhibitor and/or memantine, they must have been on a stable dose for 6 weeks prior to Screening and be willing to maintain a stable dose for the duration of the study.

  12. Subject is willing and able to visit the clinic in an outpatient setting for the study duration, follow instructions, and comply with the protocol requirements

  13. BMI must be within 18 to 40 kg/m2 inclusive

  14. Female subjects must not be pregnant or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP), or men whose sexual partners are WOCBP, must be able and willing to use at least 1 highly effective method of contraception during the study and for at least 1 menstrual cycle (e.g., 30 days) after the last dose of IMP or matching placebo. Sperm donation is not allowed for 30 days after the final dose of the IMP or matching placebo.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Psychotic symptoms that are primarily attributable to a condition other than the Alzheimer's Disease causing dementia

  2. History of major depressive episode with psychotic features during the 12 months prior to Screening

  3. History of a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder

  4. Significant or severe medical conditions including pulmonary, hepatic, renal, hematologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, immunologic, dermatologic, neurologic, cardiovascular or oncologic disease, or any other condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could jeopardize the safety of the subject, ability to complete or comply with the study procedures or validity of the study results

  5. Significant or severe renal impairment based on a screening cutoff for Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) of <60 mL/min/1.73 m2

  6. History of ischemic stroke within 12 months prior to Screening or any evidence of hemorrhagic stroke

  7. History of cerebral amyloid angiopathy, epilepsy, central nervous system neoplasm, unstable thyroid function, or unexplained syncope

  8. Any of the following:

    1. New York Heart Association Class 2 congestive heart failure
    2. Grade 2 or greater angina pectoris
    3. Sustained ventricular tachycardia
    4. Ventricular fibrillation
    5. Torsade de pointes
    6. Implantable cardiac defibrillator
  9. Myocardial infarction within the 6 months prior to Screening

  10. Personal or family history of symptoms of long QT syndrome as evaluated by the investigator

  11. Human immunodeficiency virus, cirrhosis, biliary duct abnormalities, hepatobiliary carcinoma, and/or active hepatic viral infections as indicated by medical history or liver function tests results

  12. History or high risk of urinary retention, gastric retention, or narrow-angle glaucoma as evaluated by the investigator

  13. For males only, any one of the following:

    1. History of bladder stones
    2. History of recurrent urinary tract infections
    3. Serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) > 10 ng/mL at Screening
    4. An International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of 5 (almost always) on items 1, 3, 5, or 6
    5. A sum of scores on IPSS items 1, 3, 5, and 6 of ≥9
  14. History of irritable bowel syndrome (with or without constipation) or serious constipation requiring treatment within the last 6 months

  15. Risk of suicidal behavior during the study as determined by clinical assessment and/ or C-SSRS

  16. Clinically significant abnormal finding on the physical examination, electrocardiogram, or clinical laboratory results at Screening

  17. Urine toxicology screen is positive substances other than cannabis or benzodiazepines (both cannabis and short-or medium-acting benzodiazepines are allowed in limited quantities during the study) unless approval has been given by the Medical Monitor

  18. Recent history of receiving monoamine oxidase inhibitors, anticonvulsants (e.g., lamotrigine, divalproex), lithium, tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., imipramine, desipramine), or any other psychoactive medications except for as-needed anxiolytics (e.g., lorazepam, chloral hydrate)

    1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors taken at a stable dose for at least 8 weeks prior to Screening may be permitted
    2. Mirtazapine or trazodone may be used as a hypnotic if started at least 8 weeks prior to Screening. If needed, an extension (up to two weeks) of the Screening Period may be allowed with approval of the Sponsor/Medical Monitor.
  19. If, in the opinion of the Investigator and/or Sponsor/Medical Monitor, subject is unsuitable for enrollment in the study or subject has any finding that, in the view of the Investigator and/or Sponsor/ Medical Monitor, may compromise the safety of the subject or affect his/her ability to adhere to the protocol visit schedule or fulfill visit requirements

  20. Positive test for coronavirus (COVID-19) within 2 weeks before or at Screening; antigen or PCR local testing can be done at the discretion of the Investigator

  21. Unable to taper and discontinue a concomitant medication that would preclude participation in the study

  22. Prior exposure to KarXT

  23. Experienced any significant adverse events due to trospium, including a known hypersensitivity to trospium

  24. Participation in another clinical study in which the subject received an experimental or investigational drug within 3 months before Screening or has participated in more than 2 clinical studies in the past year

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

380 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

KarXT
Experimental group
Description:
Xanomeline and Trospium Chloride Capsules
Treatment:
Drug: KarXT
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo Capsules
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

106

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Central trial contact

BMS Clinical Trials Contact Center www.BMSClinicalTrials.com; First line of the email MUST contain the NCT# and Site #.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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