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A Study to Assess the Effect of Concomitant Administration of Fluconazole on the Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Methadone

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) logo

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Candidiasis
HIV Infections

Treatments

Drug: Fluconazole
Drug: Methadone hydrochloride

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00000788
CPCRA 030
11580 (Registry Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

To evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety of concomitant administration of methadone and fluconazole.

Injection drug users constitute the second largest subset of the U.S. population at risk for HIV infection and AIDS-associated mortality. Narcotic addiction is often treated by use of methadone. Fluconazole has been shown to be highly effective in treating symptomatic mucosal candidiasis, but it is unknown whether fluconazole affects methadone metabolism, which could result in symptoms of methadone withdrawal or overdose in patients taking the drugs in combination.

Full description

Injection drug users constitute the second largest subset of the U.S. population at risk for HIV infection and AIDS-associated mortality. Narcotic addiction is often treated by use of methadone. Fluconazole has been shown to be highly effective in treating symptomatic mucosal candidiasis, but it is unknown whether fluconazole affects methadone metabolism, which could result in symptoms of methadone withdrawal or overdose in patients taking the drugs in combination.

Patients are randomized to receive methadone plus either fluconazole or placebo in clinic daily for 16 days. Study drugs are administered as close to 8 AM as possible. Patients must visit the Fort Greene clinic on study days 1, 2, 15, and 16; they may receive treatment at their home clinics on days 3 through 14.

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Antiretroviral therapy.
  • Intermittent acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen.

Patients must have:

  • CD4 count >= 250 cells/mm3 within 3 months prior to study entry.
  • Received a stable dose of methadone for a minimum of 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Negative urine toxicology screen (except for methadone or methadone metabolites) within 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Reasonably good health.
  • Life expectancy of at least 6 months.
  • Ability and willingness to comply with protocol requirements.

NOTE:

  • Patients will be recruited from the methadone maintenance treatment program currently administered by Addiction Research and Treatment Corporation. Enrollment of women is encouraged.

NOTE:

  • Patients who are currently enrolled in CPCRA treatment and prophylaxis trials are eligible for this study provided they have been permanently removed from study drug on the other protocol.

Prior Medication:

Required:

  • Stable dose of methadone for a minimum of 30 days prior to study entry.

Allowed:

  • Prior antiretroviral therapy (dose should be stable for 14 days prior to study entry).

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Known sensitivity to azoles, methadone, and other opiate narcotics.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Amiodarone.
  • Anesthetics, general.
  • Barbiturates.
  • Carbamazepine.
  • Cimetidine.
  • Ciprofloxacin.
  • Dexamethasone.
  • Disulfiram.
  • Erythromycin.
  • Fluoroquinolones.
  • Fluoxetine.
  • Gestodene.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide.
  • Hypoglycemics, oral.
  • Isoniazid.
  • Itraconazole.
  • Ketoconazole.
  • Levomepromazine.
  • MAO inhibitors.
  • Methoxsalen.
  • Nafcillin.
  • Narcotic analgesics.
  • Naringenin.
  • Norethindrone.
  • Omeprazole.
  • Pentazocine.
  • Phenothiazines.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Quinidine.
  • Ranitidine.
  • Rifabutin.
  • Rifampin.
  • Sedative hypnotics.
  • Sulfaphenazole.
  • Tranquilizers.
  • Tricyclic antidepressants.
  • Troleandomycin.
  • Warfarin.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 30 days prior to study entry:

  • Ketoconazole, fluconazole, or itraconazole.
  • Experimental drugs.

Alcohol or illicit drug abuse.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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