A Study to Evaluate Denosumab in Young Patients With Primary Breast Cancer (D-Beyond)


Free University of Brussels (ULB)

Status and phase

Phase 2


Breast Neoplasms


Drug: Denosumab

Study type


Funder types



IJB-BCTL- 20119167
2011-006224-21 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility


This is a prospective, single arm phase IIa trial in which patients with early breast cancer will receive pre-operatively two doses of denosumab 120mg subcutaneously one week apart (maximum 12 days) followed by surgery. Tumor, normal breast tissue and blood samples will be collected at baseline and at surgery. Post-operative treatment will be at the discretion of the investigator. Primary objective: to determine if a short course of RANKL inhibition with denosumab can induce a decrease in tumor proliferation rates as determined by Ki67 immunohistochemistry (IHC) in newly diagnosed, early stage breast cancer in pre-menopausal women. Secondary objectives: * To determine the number of absolute Ki67 responders after a short course of denosumab (defined as \<2.7% IHC staining in the post treatment tumor biopsy). * To determine the effects of a short course of denosumab on serum C-terminal telopeptide levels (CTX). * To determine the effects of a short course of denosumab on RANK/RANKL gene expression and signaling as assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and RNA sequencing in the tumor. * To determine the effect of a short course of denosumab on tumor apoptosis rates using IHC * To determine the effect of a short course of denosumab on modulating the immature mammary epithelial cell populations in the tumor. * To determine the effect of a short course of denosumab on estrogen signaling pathways in the tumor. * To determine the effect of a short course of denosumab on various immune * To determine effect of safety profile of denosumab


27 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Female gender

  2. Age ≥ 18 years

  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1

  4. Premenopausal status defined as the presence of active menstrual cycle or normal menses during the 6 weeks preceding the start of study treatment. Biochemical evidence of phase of menstrual cycle is required (estradiol, FSH and LH). In women previously exposed to hysterectomy,or were using hormonal intrauterine device at the time of enrolment, premenopausal levels of estradiol, FSH and LH are required to be eligible

  5. Non-metastatic operable newly diagnosed primary invasive carcinoma of the breast that is:

    1. Histologically confirmed
    2. Primary tumor size greater than 1.5 cm, measured by any of clinical examination, mammography, ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging
    3. Any clinical nodal status
    4. Fully operable and not fixed to chest wall.
  6. Known HER2 status

  7. Known estrogen receptor (ER) status and progesterone receptor status (PgR)

  8. Patient has adequate bone marrow and organ function as shown by:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
    • Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (in patients with known Gilbert Syndrome, a total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 x ULN, with direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN)
    • AST and ALT ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Random blood sugar (RBS) ≤ 200 mg/dL or ≤ 11.1 mmol/L
    • Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≤ 8 %
  9. Albumin-adjusted serum calcium ≥ 8.0 mg/dL (≥ 2.0 mmol/L)

  10. Women of childbearing potential must agree to use an active local contraception method for the duration of the study and for at least 7 months after the last dose of study treatment

  11. Patients must accept to take calcium and vitamin D supplementation until the completion of the study treatment

  12. Signed informed consent form (ICF) for all study procedures according to local regulatory requirements prior to beginning of the study

  13. Patients must accept to make available tumor and normal tissue samples for submission to central laboratory at the Jules Bordet Institute, Brussels, Belgium, to conduct translational studies as part of this protocol.

Exclusion criteria

  1. History of any prior (ipsi and/or contralateral) breast cancer
  2. Any "clinical" T4 tumor defined by TNM including inflammatory breast cancer
  3. History of non-breast malignancies within the 5 years prior to study entry (except carcinoma in situ of the cervix, of the colon, melanoma in situ and basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin)
  4. Prior or planned systemic anti-cancer therapy before definitive surgery
  5. Unhealed or planned dental/oral surgery, current or previous osteonecrosis or osteomyelitis of the jaw
  6. Pregnant or lactating women or women of childbearing potential without a negative serum or urinary pregnancy test within 7 days prior to starting study treatment; irrespective of the method of contraception used
  7. Active Hepatitis-B virus (HBV), Hepatitis-C virus (HCV) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  8. Known hypersensitivity to denosumab
  9. Bilateral invasive tumors

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

27 participants in 1 patient group

Experimental group
Drug: Denosumab

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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