A Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of BAC in Patient With Alzheimer's Disease or Vascular Dementia


Charsire Biotechnology

Status and phase

Phase 2


Alzheimer's Disease or Vascular Dementia


Drug: Matched vehicle
Drug: BAC treatment

Study type


Funder types



Details and patient eligibility


A Randomized, Double-Blind, Vehicle-Controlled, Parallel, Phase II Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of BAC in Patient with Alzheimer's Disease or Vascular Dementia

Full description

This study was designed as a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled and parallel trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of BAC in patients with Alzheimer's disease or vascular dementia. The investigation product, BAC, is a potential anti-inflammatory agent consisted of Multi-Glycan Complex (MGC) from the Soybean extract. It aims to reduce the neruoinflammation in the Alzhemimer's disease and vascular dementia.

In each study site, eligible patients were randomized and stratified to 1 of 2 dementia types (Alzheimer's disease and non-Alzheimer's disease) in 3:1 ratio to receive either one of topical application of BAC or BAC matched vehicle, topical application on external nasal skin, scalp, and neck, 2 times daily, 30 g/day.

The treatment duration for each patient was 12 weeks, which consisted of 6 visits located at Screening (within 2 weeks before Baseline visit), Baseline (Week 0), Weeks 2, 4, 8, and Week 12 (Final). During the treatment period, patients may continue to receive medications or treatments routinely used for Alzheimer's disease or vascular dementia except those prohibited under this protocol.


80 patients




40+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. With either gender aged at least 40 years old

  2. With a diagnosis of one of the following disease i. Vascular dementia according to the NINDS-AIREN International Workshop criteria or ii. Alzheimer's disease according to the NIAAA criteria iii. "Mixed" dementia (possible Alzheimer's disease with cerebrovascular disease) according to the NIAAA criteria


    1. NINDS-AIREN: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and Association Internationale pour la Recherche et l'Enseignement en Neurosciences
    2. NIAAA: National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association
  3. With mild-to-moderate dementia (score of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) defined as between 10 to 24 and score of ADAS-Cog as at least 12)

  4. Able to read, write, communicate, and understand cognitive testing instructions

  5. Having a responsible caregiver who spends at least 4 hours daily with the patient. The caregiver will accompany the patient to all study visits, , supervise administration of study drug, and be able to assess the patient's condition

  6. Patients and the responsible caregiver willing and able to provide written informed consent form

Exclusion criteria

  1. With large vessel thrombosis (thrombotic stroke occurring in large arteries)

  2. With radiological evidence of other brain disorders (subdural hematoma, post-traumatic / post-surgery)

  3. With dementia caused by other brain diseases except Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia (e.g. Parkinson's disease, demyelinated disease of the central nervous system, tumor, hydrocephalus, head injury, central nervous system infection including syphilis, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, etc.)

  4. With clinical evidence of pulmonary, hepatic, gastrointestinal, metabolic, endocrine or other life threatening diseases judged by investigators not suitable to enter the study

  5. With clinically unstable hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cardiac disease for the last 3 months

  6. Ever hospitalized for stroke or with acute coronary syndrome in the previous 3 months prior to screening

  7. Drug or alcohol abuse within the previous 12 months of screening.

  8. With one of the following abnormal laboratory parameters: hemoglobin < 10 mg/dL or platelet < 100*109/L; creatinine or total bilirubin more than 1.5 times the upper limit value; alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphates (ALP), γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) more than 2 times the upper limit of normal, or thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) more than 2.5 times the upper limit value or less than the lower limit value of normal

  9. With severe depression graded by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD)

  10. With any uncontrolled illness (including, but not limited to, any of the following: ongoing or active infection including hepatitis B, C, and HIV, active bleeding, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris or, cardiac arrhythmia) judged by the investigator that entering the trial may be detrimental to the patient

  11. With known or suspected hypersensitivity to any ingredients of study product and vehicle

  12. Pregnant or lactating or premenopausal with childbearing potential but not taking reliable contraceptive method(s) during the study period

    Note: Reliable contraceptive methods will consider as below:

    1. Established use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception > 3 months prior to baseline.
    2. Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) > 3 months prior to baseline.
    3. Barrier methods of contraception: Condom or Occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository
    4. Partner male sterilization (i.e., vasectomy) > 1 month of screening
  13. Enrollment in any investigational drug trial within 4 weeks of screening visit

  14. Experienced dosage increment of routinely use in drugs listed as follows within past three months before Screening visit

    1. medications/treatments for Alzheimer's disease or vascular dementia
    2. antipsychotic medications including but not limited to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), benzodiazepine (BZD)
    3. Vitamin B12
    4. drugs for thyroid disease
  15. Current antiplatelet drug (antiaggregant) except dosage including but not limited to aspirin <= 100mg/day, clopidogrel <= 75mg/day, ticagrelor <= 180mg/day, dipyridamole <= 400mg/day

  16. Caregivers who have psychotic symptoms, are imminently suicidal, have an unstable medical condition (e.g. recent heart attack, recent stroke, episodes of dizziness, fainting attacks) or significant orthopaedic problems.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Triple Blind

80 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

BAC treatment
Active Comparator group
BAC, topical application on external nasal skin, scalp, and neck, 2 times daily, 30 g/day for 12 weeks
Drug: BAC treatment
Matched vehicle
Placebo Comparator group
Matched vehicle, topical application on external nasal skin, scalp, and neck, 2 times daily, 30 g/day for 12 weeks
Drug: Matched vehicle

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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