A Study to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Lecanemab in Subjects With Early Alzheimer's Disease

Eisai logo

Eisai

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 2

Conditions

Alzheimer's Disease

Treatments

Drug: Lecanemab 2.5 mg/kg
Drug: Lecanemab 10 mg/kg
Drug: Lecanemab 5.0 mg/kg
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT01767311
BAN2401-G000-201
2012-002843-11 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a multinational, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study using a Bayesian design with response adaptive randomization across placebo or 5 active arms of lecanemab to determine clinical efficacy and to explore the dose response of lecanemab using a composite clinical score (ADCOMS). BAN2401-G000-201 Core study is an 18-month study in which 3 dose levels (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg) are given biweekly (once every 2 weeks) to separate groups of participants and 2 dose levels (5 and 10 mg/kg) are given monthly (once every 4 weeks) to separate groups of participants. Participants will be from 2 clinical subgroups: mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) or mild Alzheimer's disease dementia. Frequent interim analyses will be conducted to continually update randomization allocation on the basis of the primary clinical endpoint. Any participant who completes the study treatment (Visit 42 \[Week 79\] of the Core study) or discontinues the Core Study will be eligible to participate in the Extension Phase, provided they meet the Extension Phase inclusion and exclusion criteria. Participants will receive 10 mg/kg biweekly for up to 60 months or until the drug is commercially available in the country, where the subject resides, or until the benefit-to-risk ratio from treatment with lecanemab is no longer considered favorable, whichever comes first. The Follow-up Visit in the Extension Phase will take place 3 months after the last dose of study drug.

Enrollment

856 patients

Sex

All

Ages

50 to 90 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria (Core Study) for Mild Cognitive Impairment due to Alzheimer's Disease - Intermediate likelihood: 1. Subjects who meet the National Institute of Aging - Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) core clinical criteria for mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease - intermediate likelihood 2. Subjects who have a CDR score of 0.5 and a Memory Box score of 0.5 or greater at Screening and Baseline 3. Subjects who report a history of subjective memory decline with gradual onset and slow progression over the last one year before Screening; MUST be corroborated by an informant Key Inclusion Criteria (Core Study) for Mild Alzheimer's Disease Dementia: 1. Subjects who meet the NIA-AA core clinical criteria for probable Alzheimer's disease dementia 2. Subjects who have a CDR score of 0.5-1.0 and a Memory Box score of 0.5 or greater at Screening and Baseline Inclusion Criteria (Core Study) that must be met by all subjects: 1. Subjects with objective impairment in episodic memory as indicated by at least 1 standard deviation below age-adjusted mean in the Wechsler Memory Scale - IV Logical Memory II (WMS-IV LMII): 1. Less than or equal to 15 for age 50 to 64 years 2. Less than or equal to 12 for age 65 to 69 years 3. Less than or equal to 11 for age 70 to 74 years 4. Less than or equal to 9 for age 75 to 79 years 5. Less than or equal to 7 for age 80 to 90 years 2. Positive amyloid load as indicated by PET or CSF assessment 1. PET assessment of imaging agent uptake into brain 2. CSF assessment of Aβ(1-42) 3. Age between 50 and 90 years, inclusive 4. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score equal to or greater than 22, and equal to or less than 30, at Screening and Baseline 5. Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 17 and less than 35 at Screening or Baseline 6. Females must not be lactating or pregnant at Screening or Baseline (as documented by a negative beta-human chorionic gonadotropin assay \[ß-hCG\]). A separate baseline assessment is required if a negative screening pregnancy test was obtained more than 72 hours before the first dose of study drug. 7. Subjects on acetylcholinesterase inhibitor or memantine therapy or both for AD must be on a stable dose for at least 12 weeks prior to Baseline. Treatment naive subjects can be entered into the study. Unless otherwise stated, subjects must have been on stable doses of all other permitted concomitant medications (ie, non-AD related) for at least 4 weeks prior to Baseline. 8. Subjects must have identified caregivers/informants 9. Subjects must provide written informed consent Inclusion Criteria (Extension Phase): 1. Subjects who have completed Visit 42 (Week 79) of the Core Study or who discontinued study drug during the Core Study due to any of the following reasons: 1. Alzheimer's Related Imaging Abnormality-Edema (ARIA-E) 2. Amyloid related imaging abnormality hemorrhage (ARIA-H) (superficial siderosis, macrohemorrhage, or symptomatic microhemorrhage) 3. Prohibited or restricted medications that were prohibited during Core Study conduct but are no longer prohibited in the Extension Phase 4. Subjects who were APOE4 positive and receiving treatment with lecanemab 10 mg/kg biweekly 5. Any reason for discontinuation not related to prohibited medications, including any AE that was considered not related to study drug, and that was not severe or life-threatening 2. Must continue to have an identified caregiver or informant who is willing and able to provide follow-up information on the subject throughout the course of the Extension Phase 3. Provide written informed consent. If a subject lacks capacity to consent in the investigator's opinion, the subject's assent should be obtained, if required in accordance with local laws, regulations and customs, plus the written informed consent of a legal representative should be obtained (capacity to consent and definition of legal representative should be determined in accordance with applicable local laws and regulations). 4. Must be able to physically attend clinic visits and be willing and able to comply with all aspects of the protocol Key Exclusion Criteria (Core study): 1. Any neurological condition that may be contributing to cognitive impairment above and beyond that caused by the subject's AD 2. History of transient ischemic attacks (TIA), stroke, or seizures within 12 months of Screening 3. Any psychiatric diagnosis or symptoms, (e.g., hallucinations, major depression, or delusions) that could interfere with study procedures in the subject 4. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score ≥8 at Screening 5. Contraindications to MRI scanning, including cardiac pacemaker/ defibrillator, ferromagnetic metal implants, e,g., in skull and cardiac devices other than those approved as safe for use in MR scanners 6. Evidence of other clinically significant lesions that could indicate a dementia diagnosis other than AD on brain MRI at Screening, or other significant pathological findings on brain MRI at Screening 7. A prolonged QT/QTc interval (QTc greater than 450 ms) as demonstrated by a repeated electrocardiogram (ECG) 8. Certain other specified medical conditions 9. Severe visual or hearing impairment that would prevent the subject from performing psychometric tests accurately Exclusion Criteria (Extension Phase): 1. Subjects who discontinued from the study drug or from the Core Study for reasons other than the following: 1. ARIA-E 2. ARIA-H (superficial siderosis, macrohemorrhage, or symptomatic microhemorrhage) 3. Prohibited or restricted medications that were prohibited during Core Study conduct but are no longer prohibited in the Extension Phase 4. Subjects who were APOE4 positive and receiving treatment with lecanemab 10 mg/kg biweekly 5. AE that was considered not related to study drug, and that was not severe or life-threatening 2. Females of childbearing potential who do not agree to use a highly effective method of contraception 3. Severe visual or hearing impairment that would prevent the subject from performing psychometric tests accurately.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

856 participants in 7 patient groups, including a placebo group

Core Study: Lecanemab 2.5 mg/kg biweekly
Experimental group
Description:
2.5 mg/kg biweekly
Treatment:
Drug: Lecanemab 2.5 mg/kg
Core Study: Lecanemab 5.0 mg/kg biweekly
Experimental group
Description:
5.0 mg/kg biweekly
Treatment:
Drug: Lecanemab 5.0 mg/kg
Core Study: Lecanemab 10 mg/kg biweekly
Experimental group
Description:
10 mg/kg biweekly
Treatment:
Drug: Lecanemab 10 mg/kg
Core Study: Lecanemab 5.0 mg/kg monthly
Experimental group
Description:
5.0 mg/kg monthly
Treatment:
Drug: Lecanemab 5.0 mg/kg
Core Study: Lecanemab 10 mg/kg monthly
Experimental group
Description:
10 mg/kg monthly
Treatment:
Drug: Lecanemab 10 mg/kg
Core Study: Lecanemab-matched Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Matching placebo biweekly
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Extension Phase: Lecanemab 10 mg/kg
Experimental group
Description:
All participants who fulfill Extension Phase inclusion and exclusion criteria will have the option to participate in the Extension Phase to receive lecanemab 10 mg/kg biweekly for up to 60 months or until the benefit-to-risk ratio from treatment with lecanemab is no longer considered favorable, whichever comes first. Additionally, participants who have received Extension Phase treatment for at least 18 months may opt to enter the dosing regimen substudy during which they will receive either lecanemab 10 mg/kg once every 4 weeks (Q4W) or once every 3 months (Q3M).
Treatment:
Drug: Lecanemab 10 mg/kg

Trial contacts and locations

169

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems