The trial is taking place at:
M

Medical Center Family Medicine Clinic | Gastroenterology Department

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A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Ocrelizumab in Adults With Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis (O'HAND)

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Roche

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 3

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis, Primary Progressive

Treatments

Drug: Ocrelizumab
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT04035005
WA40404

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of ocrelizumab ( Ocrevus®) compared with placebo in participants with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS), including participants later in their disease course. This study focuses on upper limit disability progression. This study will consist of the following phases: screening, double-blind treatment, follow-up 1 (FU1), an optional open-label extension (OLE), follow-up 2 (FU2), and B-cell monitoring (BCM).

Full description

The screening phase will last up to 24 weeks. In the double-blind treatment phase, participants will undergo at least 120 weeks of study treatment. Study drug (ocrelizumab or placebo) will be administered every 24 weeks. In the FU1 phase, all participants who discontinue prematurely from the double-blind treatment phase will enter the FU1 phase, including participants who receive post-double progression ocrelizumab (PDP OCR) treatment, other immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive treatment(s) for MS, commercial ocrelizumab, or no treatment. The FU1 phase will run in parallel with the double-blind treatment phase until the primary analysis is performed. If the primary analysis is positive, an optional OLE phase is planned for eligible participants who either have remained in the double-blind treatment phase or are on PDP OCR treatment at the time of the primary analysis and, in the opinion of the investigator, could benefit from ocrelizumab treatment. The follow-up 2 (FU2) phase will begin after the primary analysis is performed. The following participants will move into the FU2 phase: participants who are ongoing in the FU1 and not on PDP OCR treatment at the time of primary analysis; participants who are ongoing in the double-blind treatment phase or receiving PDP OCR at the time of the primary analysis and do not enter the OLE phase; participants who complete or withdraw from the OLE phase. At the end of the FU2, all participants will move into B-cell monitoring (BCM) phase until the end of the study. This study will end when all participants who are not being treated with an alternative B-cell depleting therapy have repleted his or her B-cells.

Enrollment

1,000 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • EDSS score at screening and baseline >= 3.0 to 8.0, inclusive

Disease duration from the onset of MS symptoms relative to randomization date:

Less than 20 years in patients with an EDSS score at screening 7.0 - 8.0 Less than 15 years in patients with an EDSS at screening 5.5 - 6.5 Less than 10 years in patients with an EDSS at screening <= 5.0

  • Documented history or presence at screening of at least one of the following laboratory findings in a cerebrospinal fluid specimen: Elevated IgG index or one or more IgG oligoclonal bands detected by isoelectric focusing
  • Screening and baseline 9-HPT completed in > 25 seconds (average of the two hands)
  • Neurological stability for ≥ 30 days prior to baseline
  • Ability to complete the 9-HPT within 240 seconds with each hand at screening and baseline
  • Neurological stability for >/= 30 days prior to baseline
  • Patients previously treated with immunosuppressants, immunomodulators, or other immunomodulatory therapies must undergo an appropriate washout period according to the local label of the immunosuppressant/immunomodulatory drug used
  • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use adequate contraceptive methods during the treatment period and for 6 or 12 months after the final dose of ocrelizumab. Adherence to local requirements, if more stringent, is required.
  • For female patients without reproductive potential: Women may be enrolled if surgically sterile (i.e hysterectomy, complete bilateral oophorectomy) or post-menopausal unless the patient is receiving a hormonal therapy for her menopause or if surgically sterile

Exclusion criteria

  • History of relapsing-remitting or secondary progressive MS at screening
  • Confirmed serious opportunistic infection including: active bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial infection or other infection, including tuberculosis or atypical mycobacterial disease
  • Patients who have or have had confirmed or a high degree of suspicion of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
  • Known active malignancy or are being actively monitored for recurrence of malignancy
  • Immunocompromised state
  • Receipt of a live-attenuated vaccine within 6 weeks prior to randomization
  • Inability to complete an MRI or contraindication to Gd administration.
  • Patients requiring symptomatic treatment of MS and/or physiotherapy who are not on a stable regimen. Patients must not initiate symptomatic treatment of MS or physiotherapy within 4 weeks of randomization.

Contraindications to mandatory premedications for infusion-related reactions, including:

uncontrolled psychosis for corticosteroids and closed-angle glaucoma for antihistamines

  • Known presence of other neurologic disorders
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study and for 6 or 12 months after last infusion of the study drug
  • Lack of peripheral venous access
  • Significant, uncontrolled disease, such as cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, endocrine or gastrointestinal, or any other significant disease that may preclude patient from participating in the study
  • Any concomitant disease that may require chronic treatment with systemic corticosteroids or immunosuppressants during the course of the study
  • History of alcohol or other drug abuse
  • History of primary or secondary immunodeficiency
  • Treatment with any investigational agent within 24 weeks prior to screening (Visit 1) or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug (whichever is longer), or treatment with any experimental procedure for MS
  • Previous treatment with B-cell targeting therapies
  • Any previous treatment with bone marrow transplantation and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Any previous history of transplantation or anti-rejection therapy
  • Treatment with IV Ig or plasmapheresis within 12 weeks prior to randomization
  • Systemic corticosteroid therapy within 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Positive serum hCG measured at screening or positive urine β-hCG at baseline
  • Positive screening tests for hepatitis B
  • Any additional exclusionary criterion as per ocrelizumab (Ocrevus®) local label, if more stringent than the above
  • Lack of MRI activity at screening/baseline if more than 650 patients without MRI activity have already been enrolled, as defined by T1 Gd+ lesion(s) and/or new and/or enlarged T2 lesion(s) in the screening, to ensure that at least 350 patients with MRI activity will be randomized

Eligibility Criteria for Open-Label Extension Phase:

  • Completed the double-blind treatment phase of the trial or have received PDP OCR in the FU1 phase, and who, in the opinion of the investigator, may benefit from treatment with Ocrelizumab. Patients who withdrew from study treatment and received another disease-modifying therapy (DMT) or commercial ocrelizumab will not be allowed to enter in the OLE phase.
  • Meet the re-treatment criteria for ocrelizumab
  • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use adequate contraceptive methods during the treatment period and for 6 or 12 months after the final dose of ocrelizumab. Adherence to local requirements, if more stringent, is required.
  • For female patients without reproductive potential: Women may be enrolled if surgically sterile (i.e. hysterectomy, complete bilateral oophorectomy) or post-menopausal unless the patient is receiving a hormonal therapy for her menopause or if surgically sterile

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

1,000 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Ocrelizumab
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive ocrelizumab by IV infusion every 24 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Ocrelizumab
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants will receive placebo matched to ocrelizumab by IV infusion every 24 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

210

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Central trial contact

Reference Study ID Number: WA40404 https://forpatients.roche.com/

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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