A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Immunogenicity of a Vaccine Designed to Protect Against Infection With Shigella Sonnei in Healthy Adults

GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) logo

GlaxoSmithKline (GSK)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Dysentery, Bacillary

Treatments

Biological: S. sonnei 53G challenge strain
Biological: S.sonnei vaccine
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03527173
H03_03TP (Other Identifier)
205626

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of the GSK3536852A vaccine, which was designed to protect against shigellosis caused by Shigella sonnei (S. sonnei) and is using the new Generalized Modules for Membrane Antigens (GMMA) platform technology developed by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Vaccines Institute for Global Health (GVGH). The study vaccine could be the stepping stone for the development of a multivalent broadly protective Shigella vaccine for vaccination of impoverished communities where shigellosis is endemic. However, a standalone monovalent vaccine against S. sonnei could be used to protect travelers against diarrheal shigellosis, as the vast majority of travelers' shigellosis is caused by S. sonnei, and even to protect infants in endemic regions where shigellosis is primarily caused by S. sonnei. The GSK3536852A vaccine has been tested in two Phase I dose escalation studies in Europe to assess its safety and immunogenicity via three routes of administration: intramuscular (IM), intranasal (IN) and intradermal (ID). The results from the first study (dose escalation with IM vaccination) have shown that the vaccine has an acceptable safety profile and is well-tolerated up to a dose of 100 micrograms (µg). The results from the second study (dose escalation with ID, IN and IM vaccination) showed that GSK3536852A vaccine is well-tolerated also when administered by the ID and IN routes of vaccination. However, immunogenicity data have shown that GSK3536852A vaccine administered by the ID and IN routes is not as immunogenic as GSK3536852A vaccine administered by the IM route. Therefore, it has been decided to proceed with the clinical development program of this vaccine only using the IM vaccination route. In terms of dosage, the regimen tested in Phase I studies (three doses given one month apart) did not show any significant benefit from the third dose in terms of immunogenicity, therefore a two dose schedule was selected for next studies. A Phase IIa study, conducted in endemic regions of Africa (i.e., Kenya), has been completed and confirmed the acceptable safety profile and immunogenicity of GSK3536852A vaccine. Performing this vaccine-human challenge study may give the opportunity to establish evidence of clinical protection induced by the candidate S. sonnei vaccine (GSK3536852A vaccine) at an early development stage.

Full description

The original study protocol has been amended due to requests from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), requests from the funder of the study, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), to add an additional interim analysis for immunogenicity data that will accelerate the release of key results to help the planning of other studies, and to further align the protocol to other GSK studies and to the challenge model established at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Centre.

Enrollment

71 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 50 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Subjects who, in the opinion of the investigator, can and will comply with the requirements of the protocol.

  • Written informed consent obtained from the subject prior to performing any study specific procedure.

  • Individuals who, after the nature of the study has been explained to them, have shown adequate comprehension of the study procedures and knowledge of study.

  • A male or female between, and including, 18 and 50 years of age at the time of the first vaccination.

  • Healthy subjects as established by medical history and clinical examination before entering into the study.

  • Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B and C.

  • Female subjects of non-childbearing potential may be enrolled in the study.

  • Female subjects of childbearing potential may be enrolled in the study, if the subject:

    • Has practiced adequate contraception for 30 days prior to vaccination, and
    • Has a negative pregnancy test on the day of vaccination, and
    • Has agreed to continue adequate contraception during the entire study period.

Exclusion criteria

  • Received an investigational or non-registered medicinal product within 30 days prior to informed consent, or planned use during the study period.
  • Any behavioral or cognitive impairment or psychiatric disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the subject's ability to participate in the study.
  • History of any neurological disorders or seizures.
  • Any other clinical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, might pose additional risk to the subject due to participation in the study.
  • Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-B27 positive test at screening and/or with history of reactive arthritis.
  • Clinical conditions representing a contraindication to intramuscular vaccination and blood draws.
  • Chronic administration of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs during the period starting six months prior to the first vaccine/placebo dose. For corticosteroids, this will mean prednisone ≥ 20 milligrams (mg)/day, or equivalent. Inhaled except for doses > 800 µg/day and topical steroids are allowed.
  • Administration of long-acting immune-modifying drugs at any time during the study period. Subjects may be on chronic or as needed medications if, in the opinion of the site principal investigator or appropriate sub-investigator, they pose no additional risk to subject safety or assessment of reactogenicity and immunogenicity and do not indicate a worsening of medical diagnosis or condition.
  • Known bleeding diathesis or any condition that may be associated with a prolonged bleeding time.
  • Concurrently participating in another clinical study, at any time during the study period, in which the subject has been or will be exposed to an investigational or a non-investigational vaccine/product.
  • History of having participated in a previous Shigella challenge study.
  • Individuals who have a previously laboratory confirmed case of disease caused by S. sonnei or serology positive for local anti S. sonnei LPS IgG Screening-ELISA at screening.
  • History of any serious chronic or progressive disease according to judgment of the investigator.
  • History of any malignancy or lymphoproliferative disorder.
  • Known to be part of study personnel or being a close family member to the personnel conducting this study.
  • History of anaphylactic reaction or allergy to vaccine/placebo or challenge agent components or any other allergies deemed by the investigator to increase the risk of an AE if they were to participate in the study.
  • Known allergy to ciprofloxacin or the other antibiotics used for treatment as deemed by the investigator.
  • Individuals receiving a course of antibiotics within a week of the challenge will be ineligible to receive the challenge strain.
  • History of gastric acid hyper-secretory disorders as assessed and judged by the investigator or any other significant intestinal disorder.
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, based on medical history and physical examination.
  • Family history of congenital or hereditary immunodeficiency.
  • History of any reaction or hypersensitivity likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine/placebo or challenge agent.
  • Acute disease and/or fever at the time of enrolment.
  • Acute or chronic, clinically significant pulmonary, cardiovascular, hepatic or renal functional abnormality, as determined by physical examination or laboratory screening tests. Chronic medical diagnoses or conditions should be stable for the last 60 days. This includes no change in chronic prescription medication, dose, or frequency as a result of deterioration of the chronic medical diagnosis or condition in the 60 days prior to enrolment.
  • A clinically significant sign or symptoms of acute illness, significant anomalies in vital signs.
  • Known to handle food as part of work related activities.
  • Hepatomegaly, right upper quadrant abdominal pain or tenderness.
  • Received immunoglobulins or any blood products within 180 days prior to informed consent or planned administration during the study period.
  • Pregnant or lactating female.
  • Female planning to become pregnant or planning to discontinue contraceptive precautions.
  • Females with history of stillbirth, neonatal loss, or previous infant with anomaly, except those who have had a planned termination of pregnancy, hysterectomy or bilateral tubal ligation.
  • History of chronic alcohol consumption and/or drug abuse. Chronic alcohol consumption is defined as: a prolonged period of frequent, heavy alcohol use; the inability to control drinking once it has begun; physical dependence manifested by withdrawal symptoms when the individual stops using alcohol; tolerance, or the need to use more and more alcohol to achieve the same effects; a variety of social and/or legal problems arising from alcohol use.
  • Known to have close household or professional contacts with people with immunosuppressive condition.
  • Documented HIV, hepatitis B and C positive subject.
  • Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, may pose an increased and unreasonable safety risk to the subject if they participated in the study.
  • Subjects with a baseline neutrophil count below 1800 cells per microliter (cells/µL) lower limit of normal range (LLN) OR with clinically significant abnormalities in other laboratory values, according to local reference ranges and investigator judgment.
  • Previous history of Benign Ethnic Neutropenia, or drug related Neutropenia.
  • Concomitant treatment with neutropenic agents.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

71 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

S. sonnei Group
Experimental group
Description:
Male or female subjects between, and including, 18 and 50 years of age at the time of the first vaccination, received 2 doses of the S. sonnei study vaccine at Day 1 and Day 29 respectively, by intramuscular injection into the upper deltoid region of the non-dominant arm. At 28 days after the second dose (Day 57), subjects received the challenge dose of S. sonnei 53G strain, orally.
Treatment:
Biological: S.sonnei vaccine
Biological: S. sonnei 53G challenge strain
Placebo Group
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Male or female subjects between, and including, 18 and 50 years of age at the time of the first vaccination, received 2 doses of the placebo at Day 1 and Day 29 respectively, by intramuscular injection into the upper deltoid region of the non-dominant arm. At 28 days after the second dose (Day 57), subjects received the challenge dose of S. sonnei 53G strain, orally.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Biological: S. sonnei 53G challenge strain

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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