A Trial of Positively Smoke Free Group Therapy for HIV-infected Smokers


Montefiore Medicine Academic Health System




Tobacco Use in Persons Living With HIV


Behavioral: Positively Smoke Free group treatment
Behavioral: Standard Care

Study type


Funder types



R01DA036445-01 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to determine whether Positively Smoke Free group therapy is more effective at promoting cessation than standard care.

Full description

There are 1.1 million persons living with HIV (PLWH) in the US, 60% of them smoke cigarettes, and 75% of these are interested in quitting. Almost none are currently accessing smoking cessation interventions designed to meet their specific needs and concerns. Cigarette smoking is responsible for 24% of deaths among PLWH, and 30% of non-AIDS defining malignancies. It is driving the alarming rise in cardiac events and lung cancers in this highly vulnerable population. The lack of access to proven, effective, culturally appropriate tobacco cessation services represents a health disparity of the first order. The psychosocial profile of the PLWH-smoker community, characterized by high rates of psychiatric comorbidity, drug and alcohol use, and low levels of social support, suggests that achieving high cessation rates will be a great challenge. Positively Smoke Free (PSF) is an intensive, multisession, group cessation program specifically developed for PLWH smokers. A pilot study of PSF yielded promising results. This proposal aims (1) to perform a definitive efficacy study of PSF by comparing 6-month biochemically confirmed abstinence rates in subjects randomized to PSF vs. standard care in a cohort of 450 PLWH smokers, (2) to determine the sociobehavioural moderators and mediators associated with successful cessation, and (3) to complete a careful cost analysis of PSF in order to estimate the incremental cost per quit associated program participation. If PSF is proven to be effective it will establish a new treatment option for PLWH smokers. Determination of moderators and mediators of program success will provide insight into the mode of action of the intervention and will help guide the development of additional treatment strategies in the future. Finally, the cost analyses will provide critical information about the feasibility of program dissemination and implementation.


450 patients




18 to 99 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • HIV-infection
  • Receives care at Montefiore Medical Center or Georgetown University
  • Motivated to quit
  • Willing to attend eight 90 minute group sessions

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Contraindication to nicotine patch use

Trial design

450 participants in 2 patient groups

Positively Smoke Free group treatment
Experimental group
Eight 90 minute group sessions (6-8 HIV-infected smokers per group) led by a pair of trained group leaders: a "professional" with psychology or social work training and a "peer" HIV-infected ex-smoker with tobacco treatment training. All subjects will be offered a 3 month supply of nicotine patches
Behavioral: Positively Smoke Free group treatment
Standard care
Active Comparator group
Brief (<5 minutes) advice to quit Offer of nicotine patches Self-help brochure
Behavioral: Standard Care

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location


© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems