A Trial of Rosiglitazone for Ulcerative Colitis


James Lewis

Status and phase

Phase 2


Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Ulcerative Colitis


Drug: Placebo
Drug: Rosiglitazone

Study type


Funder types



R01DK059961 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility


This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating rosiglitazone: 4 mg tablets or placebo tablets administered orally twice daily for 12 weeks. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rosiglitazone in the treatment of mild to moderately active ulcerative colitis. Disease activity will be measured using a standard disease activity index. Calculation of the index requires patients to undergo flexible sigmoidoscopy at the start of the study and at week 12.

Full description

Ulcerative colitis is a disease characterized by inflammation (the changes that happen when tissues in the body are injured) of all or a portion of the large intestine. There is presently no medical cure for ulcerative colitis, although surgical removal of the colon would cure the disease. Ulcerative colitis is generally treated with medications against diarrhea and infection, medications which suppress the immune system (the body system that protects a person against foreign substances) or with surgery. It is thought that the chronic inflammation associated with ulcerative colitis may be related to the release of certain chemicals produced by the body. Rosiglitazone has been shown to inhibit the production of some of these chemicals. The active component of rosiglitazone has also been shown to improve colitis in animal models of colitis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the benefit of the drug for ulcerative colitis by comparing it to placebo. This is a randomized controlled trial of rosiglitazone versus placebo in patients who have failed to respond to 5-ASA therapy. Participants will be randomized to receive either rosiglitazone 4mg bid or placebo bid twice daily for a total of 12 weeks. Disease activity will be measured using the Disease Activity Index (DAI) at visits 3 through 8. Additional outcomes measured will include histological disease activity (visits 3 and 7) and quality of life using the IBDQ (visits 3 through 8). The principle analyses will be an intent-to-treat analysis to examine the efficacy of rosiglitazone at a dose of 4mg twice daily compared to placebo to achieve a partial or complete response. Additionally, the change in NF-κB activation prior to and following therapy with either placebo or rosiglitazone will be examined using immunohistochemistry techniques.


105 patients




18+ years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA: Participants must meet the following criteria for inclusion in the trial: Must sign and date the informed consent form At least 18 years of age Documented diagnosis (endoscopic, surgical or x-ray) of ulcerative colitis (UC) Mild to moderate ulcerative colitis indicated by Disease Activity Index score of greater than or equal to 4 and less than or equal to 10 Unless the patient is intolerant of oral 5-ASA therapy, patient must be treated with a minimum of 2 gm daily of an oral 5-ASA agent for a minimum of 4 weeks during the current exacerbation of ulcerative colitis or immediately prior to study entry If treated with oral corticosteroids, dose must not exceed 20 mg per day of Prednisone or equivalent If treated with corticosteroids, dose must be stable for 4 weeks prior to study entry and remain on same dose throughout If treated with 6-mercaptopurine or azathioprine, must have been on medication for 4 months and a stable dose for 2 months prior to study entry If a female of childbearing age, the participant must have a negative serum pregnancy test and have been using a medically approved form of contraceptive birth control for 3 months prior to enrollment. Participants, both male and female, must also be willing to use medically approved contraceptive birth control (at least one barrier method) throughout the study If treated with rectal therapy, dose must be stable for 2 weeks prior to study entry and remain on same dose throughout EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Participants will be ineligible for participation in the trial if they meet any of the following criteria: Severe ulcerative colitis indicated by Disease Activity Index score of greater than 10 Class III or IV congestive heart failure by NYHA classification system Allergy to thiazolidinediones Presence of any medical condition with an expected survival of less than 1 year Participants receiving therapy with cyclosporin, anti-TNF therapy, or methotrexate within the last 2 months of screening Positive stool culture for enteric pathogens (salmonella, shigella, and campylobacter), positive C.difficile toxin, or positive stool ova and parasite exam Positive proteinuria by urine dipstick History of chronic liver disease or baseline liver chemistries greater than the upper limit of normal Diabetes mellitus requiring hypoglycemic agents Participation in study of experimental therapy within 2 months of first screening visit Has any of the following laboratory abnormalities: WBC < 3,000 per uL, Neutrophil < 1,000 cell/cu.mm, Platelets <75,000 per uL, INR > 1.2 Participant is female and is pregnant or currently breastfeeding

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

105 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Experimental group
4 mg of rosiglitazone taken twice daily for 12 weeks.
Drug: Rosiglitazone
Placebo Comparator group
Identical in appearance to study drug taken twice daily for 12 weeks.
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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