ABCB1/P-glycoprotein Expression Influence on Non-metastatic Osteosarcoma of the Extremities

G

Grupo Espanol de Investigacion en Sarcomas

Status

Completed

Conditions

Osteosarcoma

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04383288
GEIS-33

Details and patient eligibility

About

Post-authorization, observational, multicenter and prospective study in patients between 2 and 30 years old diagnosed with non-metastatic high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities. All patients included in the study will receive the initial neoadjuvant treatment prescribed by the doctor of each center, according to standard practice (involving methotrexate, cisplatin, and adriamycin). This initial treatment precedes surgical treatment. After surgical treatment, the histological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy will be evaluated. The histological response to primary chemotherapy will be expressed as a percentage of tumor necrosis. In the case of tumor necrosis above 90% the patient is defined as a "good responder" in case of a lower percentage as a "poor responder". As an adjuvant treatment, the following options may be given according to standard practice in each center: - If there is overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein and poor response to induction treatment, in many sites ifosfamide at high doses and MTP-PE, is incorporated in addition to adriamycin. - If there is overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein and a good response to induction treatment, in many centers the option of additional administration of methotrexate, CDDP and adriamycin will be chosen. - If there is no overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein, the administration of methotrexate, adriamycin and cisplatin will be chosen in many sites. In some sites they will consider the non-administration of MTP-PE or the non-administration of high doses of ifosfamide. And, in some hospitals, they will consider administering MTP-PE to all patients.

Full description

The Primary objective is: - Disease-free survival measured as a 5-year rate in patients with localized osteosarcoma treated, according to standard practice, with all the drugs currently registered for the treatment of non-metastatic osteosarcoma (methotrexate, cisplatin, adriamycin, ifosfamide, MTP-PE), according to ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein expression. The Secondary objectives are: Evaluate overall survival in a homogeneous population of patients with non-metastatic osteosarcoma. Disease-free survival at 2 and 3 years.

Enrollment

115 patients

Sex

All

Ages

12 to 30 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Confirmed histological diagnosis of high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities.
  • Age: from 2 to 30 years old.
  • Localized disease (metastasis skip accepted).
  • Normal liver, kidney and spinal function.
  • Ventricular ejection fraction of 50%.
  • Absence of previous surgical treatments or chemotherapy for osteosarcoma.
  • Interval between histological diagnosis and initiation of chemotherapy not exceeding 4 weeks.
  • Signing of the consent form to participate in the study.

Exclusion criteria

  • Presence of lung metastases on chest CT or in other locations.
  • Parosteal, periosteal, or secondary osteosarcoma.
  • Contraindications of the medications prescribed in the protocol.
  • Pregnant or lactating.
  • Mental or social conditions that do not guarantee adequate adherence to the protocol.
  • Not having an adequate understanding of study participation.

Trial design

115 participants in 3 patient groups

Overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein. Poor response
Description:
If there is overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein and poor response to induction treatment, in many sites ifosfamide at high doses and MTP-PE (Muramyl tripeptide phosphatidylethanolamine), is incorporated in addition to adriamycin. BEFORE SURGERY TREATMENT: Methotrexate: 12g/m2 (3 cycles) Cisplatinum: 120mg/m2 (3 cycles) Doxorubicin: ADM (Adriamycin) 75mg/m2 (3 cycles) AFTER SURGERY TREATMENT for poor responder patients with positive P-GLYCOPROTEIN Methotrexate 12g/m2; Cisplatinum 120mg/m2; Doxorubicin 90mg/m2 ifosfamide 15g/m2 MEPACT 2 mg/m2 twice a week for the first 3 months the weekly for the next 6 months (total length treatment 44 weeks) All the product are used as commercial formulation Other Names: Methotrexate Cisplatinum doxorubicin ifosfamide mifamurtide
Overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein. Good response
Description:
If there is overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein and a good response to induction treatment, in many centers the option of additional administration of methotrexate, CDDP (Cisplatinum) and adriamycin will be chosen. BEFORE SURGERY TREATMENT: Methotrexate: 12g/m2 (3 cycles) Cisplatinum: 120mg/m2 (3 cycles) Doxorubicin: ADM 75mg/m2 (3 cycles) AFTER SURGERY TREATMENT for good responder patients with positive P-GLYCOPROTEIN Methotrexate 12g/m2 (10 Cycles) Cisplatinum 120mg/m2; Doxorubicin 90mg/m2 MEPACT 2 mg/m2 twice a week for the first 3 months the weekly for the next 6 months (total length treatment 44 weeks) All the product are used as commercial formulation Other Names: Methotrexate Cisplatinum doxorubicin ifosfamide mifamurtide
No overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein
Description:
If there is no overexpression of ABCB1 / P-glycoprotein, the administration of methotrexate, adriamycin and cisplatin will be chosen in many sites. BEFORE SURGERY TREATMENT: Methotrexate: 12g/m2 (3 cycles) Cisplatinum: 120mg/m2 (3 cycles) Doxorubicin: ADM 75mg/m2 (3 cycles) AFTER SURGERY TREATMENT: Methotrexate 12g/m2 (10 cycles) Cisplatinum 120mg/m2; Doxorubicin 90mg/m2 Total length 34 weeks All the product are used as commercial formulation Other Names: methotrexate cisplatin doxorubicine

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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