Accuracy of 1.5 T Versus 3 T Magnetic Resonance Arterial Spin Labeling to Measure Renal Blood Flow

U

University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School

Status

Completed

Conditions

Chronic Kidney Disease
Hypertension

Treatments

Other: renal perfusion

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02746549
MRT2014

Details and patient eligibility

About

In this study we want to compare the accuracy of two methods to measure renal perfusion by MRI spin labelling technique: the first measurement done with the 1.5 T MRI versus the second one obtained with the 3.0 T MRI (Siemens MRI device). Additionally we want to compare the changes of renal perfusion caused by physiological stress. The used stress test is the cold pressor test done at the forehead.

Full description

Magnetic resonance imaging based arterial spin labeling is a technique to measure renal blood flow. Renal perfusion measurement is an important tool to analyze renal function and to detect acute kidney injury. The perfusion measurement is based on two data acquisitions, one with a global inversion prepulse followed by one with a slice selective prepulse (FAIR). The prepulses lead to a labeling of blood water spins. In contrast to the global inversion prepulse, the slice selective inversion prepulse only labels the blood water spins inside the kidney but not the inflowing blood water spins. Subtraction of both images therefore reflects the local perfusion. A third image without the FAIR preparation pulse is measured to normalize the signal intensifiers on each patients. MRI based arterial spin labeling is a noninvasive assessment not using contrast agents to measure the functional parameters of the kidney. This is avoiding serious complications such as acute kidney failure and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. There is no known negative impact to the patient. In addition we now want to analyze the validity of this MRI-technique by provoking acutely changes of renal plasma flow. As a further provocative maneuver we selected the cold pressor test as a physiological stress test. Forehead cooling activates the sympathetic nervous system and increases blood pressure and heart rate by causing pain. This mechanism has got an impact on renal haemodynamics. To minimize the possible cold injuries we use the 1°C ice water pack only for 60 seconds and avoid the contact to the eyes. In this study we want to compare the accuracy of two methods to measure renal perfusion by MRI spin labelling technique: the first measurement done with the 1.5 T MRI versus the second one obtained with the 3.0 T MRI (Siemens MRI device).

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male and Female patients are eligible. Females of child bearing potential (WOCBP) are only eligible if pregnancy test at the screening visit is negative and they use adequate contraceptive precautions during the trial.
  • Healthy volunteers and patients who have hypertension stage 1 or 2 or patients who have diabetes at a max of 2 oral antidiabetic agents will be included

Exclusion criteria

  • eGFR ≤ 45 ml/min/1.75m²
  • any cardiovascular or cerebrovascular other other severe events within the last 3 months
  • arterial hypertension grad > 2 ( blood pressure ≥ 180/110)
  • Subject who do not give written consent, that pseudonymous data will be transferred in line with the duty of documentation and the duty of notification according to § 12 and § 13 GCP-V
  • Any contraindications to MRI
  • Brain aneurysm clip
  • Implanted cardiac pacemaker, pacemaker wires or defibrillator
  • Prosthetic heart valves
  • Cochlear implant
  • Ocular foreign body
  • Implanted insulin pump,
  • Tattoo (as determined by imager)
  • agoraphobia

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

20 participants in 2 patient groups

1.5 Tesla MRI
Experimental group
Description:
Measurement of renal perfusion by 1.5 Tesla MRI with arterial spin labelling
Treatment:
Other: renal perfusion
3.0 Tesla MRI
Experimental group
Description:
Measurement of renal perfusion by 3.0 Tesla MRI with arterial spin labelling
Treatment:
Other: renal perfusion

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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