Acellular Dermal Allograft for Chronic Diabetic Wounds

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University Health Network, Toronto

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Wound Heal
Diabetic Foot Ulcer

Treatments

Other: decellularized dermal matrix

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06227520
23-5933

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of a novel decellularized dermal matrix (DDM) DermGEN™ for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). Despite several advances in wound treatments, hard-to-heal wounds, such as diabetic foot ulcer, still require 12 to 16 weeks to achieve complete closure. Although the focus of most research into wound-healing treatments has been on moisture and bacterial control, new approaches that target the instability of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in a wound are timely and much needed, particularly for hard-to-heal wounds such as DFUs. Innovative technologies that provide ECM interactions halt the chronic inflammatory cycle and stimulate cells that allow for tissue regeneration and wound healing. DermGEN™ is a human dermal allograft that has been minimally processed from human skin to remove epidermal and dermal cells while preserving the structure and intrinsic properties of the natural extracellular matrix of the dermis. This has potential to facilitate a shorter wound-healing time.

Full description

DermGEN™ is a human dermal allograft that has been minimally processed from human skin to remove epidermal and dermal cells while preserving the structure and intrinsic properties of the natural extracellular matrix of the dermis. The resulting sterile decellularized scaffold provides a support for cellular repopulation and vascularization at the surgical site to facilitate integumental wound healing. Unlike other tissue-derived ECM-based products, such as acellular and decellularized matrices where treatments require anywhere from 6 to 10 reapplications of the product to achieve wound-closure rates of only 35% to 55% (16) DermGEN™ only requires one. A feasibility study has shown that 82% of participants (9 of 11 subjects) who had their DFU (1 ulcer/participant) treated with a single application of DDM (DermGEN) achieved complete wound closure between 2 and 8 weeks, with a mean 3.3 weeks and median of 2.3 weeks (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjd.2022.03.010). The investigators have used this technology on a number of cases with good success. The investigators wish to gather further data with this study. The purpose of this clinical trial is to perform a pilot study to determine the efficacy of DermGEN in the treatment in acute and non-healing diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). This will be a one-arm prospective study. It is hypothesized that DermGEN treatment will result in positive healing outcomes with no significant adverse effects. We anticipate to enroll 30 patients. After enrolment and an initial assessment (time 0 data), participants will be treated with a single application of the DDM following standard-of-care procedures that include debridement of the DFU to provide healthy bleeding tissue margins. Then, it is applied with the dermal side in contact with the ulcer bed and covered by a bolster dressing. The bolster dressing is changed weekly during the follow-up. Follow-up assessments are conducted at 1, 2, 3, 4, 12 and 20 weeks. Digital photography is used to capture the appearance and size of the ulcer at each visit.

Enrollment

30 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

A subject will be considered eligible to participate in this study if each of the following inclusion criteria is satisfied:

  1. Patient's ulcer has been present for a minimum of 2 weeks as of Day 0.
  2. Study ulcer has healed <30% in size during the 2 weeks prior to Day 0.
  3. Ulcer area is ≥1 cm2 prior to debridement at Day 0 of study.
  4. Ulcer extends through dermis and into subcutaneous tissue but without exposure of muscle, tendon, bone or joint capsule.
  5. Ulcer is free of necrotic debris and clinical infection, and is comprised of healthy vascular tissue suitable for skin grafting on Day 0.
  6. Patient has adequate circulation to the foot as evidenced by toe pressure measurement.
  7. Female patients are not pregnant at time of, or during study.
  8. Patient and caregiver ready and willing to participate and comply with follow-up regime.
  9. Patient or legal representative has read and signed the Institutional Ethics Review Board approved informed consent form.

Exclusion criteria

A subject will not be considered eligible to participate in this study if any one of the following exclusion criteria is satisfied:

  1. Evidence of gangrene on affected foot.
  2. Ulcer is over Charcot deformity (fractures or dislocation).
  3. Ulcer is non-diabetic in etiology.
  4. Patient receiving oral or parenteral corticosteroids, immunosuppression or cytotoxic agents, or is anticipated to require such agents during study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

30 participants in 1 patient group

Dermgen
Experimental group
Description:
Application of Dermgen
Treatment:
Other: decellularized dermal matrix

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Graham Roche-Nagle, MD; Naomi Eisenberg, MEd

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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