Acetylcarnitine and Metabolic Flexibility

Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC) logo

Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Glucose Intolerance

Treatments

Dietary Supplement: Carnitine supplement
Dietary Supplement: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02072759
NL44572.068.13

Details and patient eligibility

About

Insulin resistant subjects and type 2 diabetic patients are characterized by a decreased metabolic flexibility: a reduced capability to switch from fat oxidation in the basal state to carbohydrate oxidation in the insulin-stimulated state. This metabolic inflexibility is an early hallmark in the development of diabetes. Recent evidence suggests that a low carnitine availability may limit acetylcarnitine formation, thereby reducing metabolic flexibility. We propose to test the hypothesis that metabolic inflexibility in pre-diabetic subjects and diabetic patients is due to a reduced capacity to form acetylcarnitines.

Full description

Background: Insulin resistant subjects and type 2 diabetic patients are characterized by a decreased metabolic flexibility: a reduced capability to switch from fat oxidation in the basal state to carbohydrate oxidation in the insulin-stimulated state. This metabolic inflexibility is an early hallmark in the development of diabetes. Recent evidence suggests that low carnitine availability may limit acetylcarnitine formation, thereby reducing metabolic flexibility. Objectives: We will investigate whether subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) show a diminished capacity to form acetylcarnitine in the face of high substrate availability. Therefore, we will use a novel non-invasive 1H-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1H-MRS) protocol to determine in vivo, and in time, the formation of acetylcarnitine in skeletal muscle. Additionally, we will examine whether carnitine supplementation increases the capacity to form acetylcarnitine and improves metabolic flexibility and insulin sensitivity in IGT subjects. Study design: 12 subjects with IGT will be included and will be subjected to either placebo- or carnitine treatment (daily capsules with 2g of L-carnitine or placebo) in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind crossover design. After both interventions, acetylcarnitine formation after a mixed meal will be determined by 1H-MRS and meal-induced changes in fat and glucose oxidation by indirect calorimetry. The maximal acetylcarnitine formation will be measured after a cycling test via 1H-MRS. A hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp will be performed to determine insulin sensitivity. Biopsies will be taken to measure free carnitine and carnitine acetyltransferase (CrAT) activity. To investigate whether differences in acetylcarnitine formation may be involved in variations in glucose tolerance, twelve control subjects, matched for BMI and age but glucose tolerant (based on oral glucose tolerance test, according to WHO criteria) will also be included and will undergo all measurements once without any intervention.

Enrollment

24 patients

Sex

All

Ages

40 to 70 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age 40-70 years
  • Overweight/obese, BMI 25-35 kg/m2
  • Stable dietary habits
  • Generally healthy with no medication use that interferes with metabolism

Exclusion criteria

  • Fasting plasma glucose >7.1 mmol/l
  • Haemoglobin <7.8 mmol/l
  • Hypertension: blood pressure > 140 mmHg systolic or 90 mmHg diastolic
  • Cardiac problems, such as angina pectoris, cardiac infarction and arrhythmias
  • Plasma creatinine concentration higher than 115 micromol/l (in men) en 100 micromol (in women).
  • Any medical condition requiring treatment and/or medication that interferes with investigated parameters
  • Unstable body weight (weight gain or loss > 3 kg in the past three months)
  • Participation in another biomedical study within 1 month prior to the screening visit
  • Subjects with contra-indication for MRI
  • Subjects, who do not want to be informed about unexpected medical findings, or do not wish that their treating physician is informed, cannot participate in the study.
  • Subject are not allowed to donate blood three months prior to the start of the study and three months after finishing the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

24 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Carnitine supplement
Experimental group
Description:
Carnitine supplement
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Carnitine supplement
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo supplement
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Healthy control
No Intervention group
Description:
Healthy control group

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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