Action Observation Therapy on Balance in Children With Down Syndrome

R

Riphah International University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Down Syndrome

Treatments

Device: Experimental Group
Other: Control Group

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06198075
REC/RCR&AHS/23/0742

Details and patient eligibility

About

Down syndrome is a condition in which a child is born with an extra copy of their 21st chromosome hence its other name is trisomy 21. The hallmarks of Down syndrome are mental retardation, hypotonia and characteristic phenotype features. Balance is one of the major issue. Action observation therapy focus on the concept of balance improvement.

Full description

The study will be randomized controlled trail used to evaluate the effectiveness of Action observation therapy on balance in children with down syndrome. subjects with down syndrome meeting the inclusion exclusion criteria will be divided into two groups using non-probability sampling technique. Assessment will be done using Pediatric balance scale(PBS) and Timed up and go test(TUG) . Control group will receive regular physical therapy with balance training and experimental group will receive regular physical therapy + Action observation therapy.

Enrollment

32 patients

Sex

All

Ages

6 to 12 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Children with age group of 6-12
  • Both male and female
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) within normal range (57.1%)
  • Absence of any psychiatric and physical illness at the time of participation

Exclusion criteria

  • Uncontrolled seizures
  • Any kind of orthopedic condition
  • Registered visually impaired
  • Severe Atlanto Axial instability
  • Unable or unwilling to understand and attempt the task

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

32 participants in 2 patient groups

Control group
Other group
Description:
Subjects will receive 6 weeks of general physical therapy,3 times/week for 30 min each session. The exercise program will include lying to sitting position, moving in the sitting posture, sitting and standing up, posture training for learning a normal gait pattern, weight bearing and weight movement training in the straight posture, walking training on the flat floor and stair walking. Final assessment will be done after 6 weeks
Treatment:
Other: Control Group
Experimental group
Experimental group
Description:
Subjects will watch a video on a screen from 1 meter in front of their chairs while sitting comfortably with their arms resting but they were not allowed to physically follow the video or move. The model of the video motion observation exercises will perform by the therapist and the training video consist of 4 stages that varied by difficulty and the video of each step was watched for the entire week. The participants watched a video of a task presented by the therapist and after completing the assignment they will perform the steps if step will too difficult to perform retraining will be conducted. Final assessment will be done after 6 weeks.
Treatment:
Device: Experimental Group

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Imran Amjad, PHD; Muhammad Asif Javed, MS

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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