Active Surveillance of Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma (PMCAS)

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center logo

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center




Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma


Other: Active Surveillance

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to better understand the outcomes of active surveillance (observation) instead of immediate surgery, which is the current standard of care for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). Patients with a 1.5 cm or smaller thyroid nodule(s) with papillary thyroid carcinoma will be eligible for the study.

Full description

The incidence of thyroid cancer has more than doubled in the last 30 years in the United States, Europe, Canada, and South America. Since nearly 50% of this increase is attributable to papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMC), it appears that greater detection and diagnosis of previously subclinical disease is a major factor driving this dramatic rise. The primary objective is to estimate the rate of disease progression (growth of primary tumor or development of loco-regional/distant metastases) over a 3, 5, and 10-year period in a series of PTMC patients followed with active surveillance in the United States. Patients who opt for immediate surgery can participate in a sub-study looking at quality of life and anxiety measures as compared to those patients who enroll in the active surveillance main study. Patients who enroll in active surveillance can choose to have surgery at any time that they and their treating physician feel that it is in their best interest.


216 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Pathologically confirmed Bethesda V or VI thyroid nodules with papillary thyroid carcinoma or high clinical suspicion, or pathologically confirmed Bethesda III or IV nodules with BRAF mutation.
  • 2.0 cm or smaller nodules by ultrasonographic criteria
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent and HIPAA Authorization form
  • Must be able to read and write English fluently to participate in the questionnaire portion of the study

Exclusion criteria

  • High-grade or poorly differentiated PTC variants
  • Central or lateral neck lymphadenopathy suspicious for PTC
  • Unfavorable nodule location (e.g. Near dorsal surface (by recurrent laryngeal nerve); Adjacent to trachea (risk of cartilage invasion)
  • History of radiation to neck

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

216 participants in 2 patient groups

Active Surveillance
Other group
Active surveillance instead of standard of care immediate surgery. Patients will be closely monitored every six months until disease is stable for a two-year period and then annually thereafter.
Other: Active Surveillance
Immediate Surgery
No Intervention group
Patients who choose to get surgery immediately after diagnosis may choose to enroll in a questionnaire sub-study that will compare quality of life and anxiety scores to patients who enroll in the active surveillance study. This is considered "no intervention" because the protocol is not directing treatment. Surgery is the standard treatment for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma.

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Allen Ho, MD

Data sourced from

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems