Acupuncture for Whiplash Associated Disorder

K

Kyung Hee University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD)

Treatments

Device: Acupuncture

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01395511
KOMC MIRB2009-05

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine whether acupuncture is effective and safe therapeutic method in the treatment of cervical pain, shoulder and upper extremity pain and discomfort due to Whiplash associated disorder. (Traumatic car accidents) We recruit 40 participants who had cervical, shoulder and upper extremity pain and had discomfort due to Whiplash associated disorder. And then we check initial data of 40 participants (Pain;VAS, Cervical ROM, SF-36, SDS, CMI) 40 participants were randomly allocated to two groups ; acupuncture group or waiting-list group. Acupuncture group: participants were given acupuncture treatment three times a week during 2 weeks, for 15 minutes at each session. After 6 times acupuncture treatments, we check information of participants again after 2 weeks(VAS, ROM, SF-36, SDS, CMI) Waiting-list group : The waiting-list group did not receive acupuncture treatment. After 2 weeks we check information of participants again (VAS, ROM, SF-36, SDS, CMI) The waiting-Patients in both groups were permitted to receive usual care including physical therapy and exercise and were not permitted to take analgesics and antiphlogistics during the trial periods.

Full description

We recruited participants through advertisements in local newspapers or on the homepage of a Kyung-hee Medical Centre during December 8, 2009 to October 14, 2010. Patients who met eligibility criteria were randomly allocated into either acupuncture treatment group or waiting-list group. Random sequences were generated by computerized number table. Allocation was concealed using sealed envelopes. According to priority, sealed envelope was matched when the patients had given informed consent. The method of acupuncture: participants were given acupuncture treatment three times a week during 2 weeks, for 15 minutes (Needle retention time) at each session. (Total 6 times) We select about ten acupuncture points Local Acupoints : SI14, SI15, BL10, BL12, BL13, BL14, TE15, GB20, SI9 Distal Acupoints : Upper extremities: LU6, LU7, LU9, LI11, HT3, SI2, SI3, SI5, SI7, PC4, PC6, TE5 Lower extremities: SP3, SP4, BL59, BL60, BL61, BL62, BL66, KI3, KI4,KI6, KI7, GB40, GB41, LR4 All Acupuncture points were prepared with 70% alcohol pads, and disposable stainless steel needles were used. Most of acupuncture were inserted vertically 1~2cm in depth until patient can feel De-Qi. (No more additional stimulation)

Enrollment

40 patients

Sex

All

Ages

20+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • The patients who suffer cervical pain, limitation of cervical ROM, discomfort sensation due to traffic accidents (Whiplash associated disorder)
  • The patients who had no effect with 3 months orthopedical treatment.
  • willing to give their permission approval.
  • patients of at least 20 years of age (Both men, women)

Exclusion criteria

  • Cervical fracture
  • Cervical spondylosis
  • suspect malignant disease(ex. tumor, stroke, etc)
  • suspect hemorrhagic disease infection disease, inflammatory disease
  • unable to communicate with Korean
  • The patients who had conscious disorder
  • Any other conditions deemed unsuitable for trial as evaluated by Physician-in-charge.

Trial design

40 participants in 2 patient groups

Acupuncture
Experimental group
Description:
About ten acupuncture points are selected from the following points to be used. Local Acupoints : SI14, SI15, BL10, BL12, BL13, BL14, TE15, GB20, SI9 Distal Acupoints : Upper extremities: LU6, LU7, LU9, LI11, HT3, SI2, SI3, SI5, SI7, PC4, PC6, TE5 Lower extremities: SP3, SP4, BL59, BL60, BL61, BL62, BL66, KI3, KI4,KI6, KI7, GB40, GB41, LR4 All Acupuncture points were prepared with 70% alcohol pads, and disposable stainless steel needles were used. Most of acupuncture were inserted vertically 1~1.5cm in depth until patient can feel De-Qi. (No more additional stimulation)
Treatment:
Device: Acupuncture
Waiting list group
No Intervention group
Description:
No Intervention Comparator The waiting-list group did not receive acupuncture treatment and participants were permitted to receive usual care including physical therapy and exercise and were not permitted to take analgesics and antiphlogistics during the periods.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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