Acupuncture in Infantile Colic - a Three Armed Randomized Multi Center Trial (ACU-COL)

L

Lund University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Infantile Colic

Treatments

Other: Acupuncture

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01761331
LU-HSC-KL2013

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this prospective randomized three armed, multi center study is to compare the effect of two types of acupuncture and no acupuncture in 2-8 weeks old infants with infantile colic. Group A will get standardized minimal acupuncture in LI4, group B will get individualized acupuncture in different points according to symptoms and group C will not get acupuncture. Parents (who register the infants crying) and the nurse they meet at the study CHC are blinded.

Full description

Infantile colic is a common problem, affecting 10-20% of newborns. Both the baby and the parents are suffering and there is a risk that the early relationship is disturbed. There is no safe and effective drug and the use of complementary medicine is increasing in spite of weak or no evidence. Acupuncture releases different neurotransmitters and hormones, is calming, gives pain reduction and affects digestion. Therefore it is reasonable that acupuncture can have effect in colic. Acupuncture in infantile colic has shown promising results in the few scientific trials conducted. These trials have evaluated the effect of standardized minimal acupuncture in the acupuncture points Large Intestine 4 (LI4) (two trials) or Stomach 36 (ST36) (one recent trial). In this prospective randomized three armed, multi center study performed at Child Health Centers in three towns, the effect of acupuncture in reducing symptoms in infants, 2-8 weeks old, with colic will be investigated. Two types of acupuncture: standardized minimal acupuncture in LI4 and individualized acupuncture in different points according to symptoms will be compared to an untreated group. Parents (who register the infants crying) and the nurse they meet at the study CHC are blinded. Parents will get information about the trial from nurses and doctors at Child Health Centers (CHC) or from a web-site (www.spädbarnskolik.se). Parents who are interested in letting their infant participate in the trial get further information and sign informed consent. The trial is approved by the ethical board at Lund University. Infant´s crying, fussing, sleep, feeding and stooling will be registered in a diary during a baseline week. Infants who cry/fuss more than three hours/day, more than three days during this week is included and randomized. Beside their ordinary contacts with their Child Health Center (CHC), infants and their parents are invited to visit a study CHC twice a week for two weeks, where they meet a nurse for about 20 minutes. Parents can describe their situation, discuss the infant´s symptoms and get advice. This nurse is blinded to which group the infant is randomized to. She carries the baby to another room and hands over the infant to a nurse, trained in acupuncture. The acupuncture nurse randomizes the infants to one of three groups, following a randomization list produced by the research department at Lund University Hospital. Group A will get standardized minimal acupuncture: one needle is inserted about 3 mm in the point LI4 on the infants hands, unilaterally, for 2-10 seconds and then withdrawn. Group B will get individualized acupuncture in points chosen by the acupuncturists according to symptoms: maximum 5 needles are inserted about 3 mm in points recommended in a guideline produced for the trial after discussions with experienced pediatric acupuncturists. Needles are retained for maximum one minute. Group C will not get acupuncture but will otherwise be treated similarly: they will be with the acupuncture nurse for five minutes while she holds the hand of the baby and talks to it in a calm voice. The acupuncture nurse make notes about bleeding and other possible side effects, and if the baby is crying. After approximately five minutes the acupuncture nurse calls the study nurse who carries the baby back to the parents. At every visit the study nurse asks parents if they have noticed any side effects, and asks if parents believe their baby gets acupuncture or not. During the two intervention weeks and one week after the last visit to the study CHC parents register the infants behavior daily in a diary. Statistical analyses will be made from the diaries.

Enrollment

147 patients

Sex

All

Ages

2 to 8 weeks old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • otherwise healthy infants
  • crying/fussing more than three hours/day more than three days in the same week
  • has tried cow´s milk protein free diet for at least five days

Exclusion criteria

  • born before week 36
  • has tried acupuncture treatment
  • dont gain weight properly
  • taking other medicine than dimethicone or lactobacillus reuteri
  • parents who don´t understand Swedish

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

147 participants in 3 patient groups

Group A: Standardized acupuncture
Active Comparator group
Description:
Infants come to the clinic twice a week for three weeks. Parents meet a nurse and hand the infant to her. The nurse brings the infant to a room where another nurse, trained in acupuncture, is alone with the infant for five minutes. Intervention: Infants in the standardized acupuncture group get minimal acupuncture: one needle is inserted about 3 mm in the point LI4 on the infants hands, unilaterally, for 2-10 seconds and then withdrawn.
Treatment:
Other: Acupuncture
Group B: Individualized acupuncture
Active Comparator group
Description:
Infants come to the clinic twice a week for three weeks. Parents meet a nurse and hand the infant to her. The nurse brings the infant to a room where another nurse, trained in acupuncture, is alone with the infant for five minutes. Infants in the individualized acupuncture group get acupuncture in points chosen by the acupuncturists according to symptoms: maximum 5 needles are inserted about 3 mm in points recommended in a guideline produced for the trial. Needles are retained for maximum one minute.
Treatment:
Other: Acupuncture
Group C: No acupuncture
No Intervention group
Description:
Infants come to the clinic twice a week for three weeks. Parents meet a nurse and hand the infant to her. The nurse brings the infant to a room where another nurse, trained in acupuncture, is alone with the infant for five minutes. The nurse hold the infant´s hand and talks to it but no acupuncture is given.

Trial contacts and locations

4

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems