Acupuncture in Reducing the Severity of Chemoradiation-induced Mucositis in Patients With Oropharyngeal Cancer (GCC1229)

University of Maryland Baltimore (UMB) logo

University of Maryland Baltimore (UMB)

Status

Terminated

Conditions

Oropharyngeal Cancer
Mucositis

Treatments

Other: Usual medical care
Device: Acupuncture with Seirin® needles

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01883908
GCC1229 (Other Identifier)
HP-00053319

Details and patient eligibility

About

Patients are asked to be in this study if have oropharyngeal cancer and will be treated with chemotherapy and radiation. This research is being done to find out if acupuncture can reduce the mouth inflammation and pain caused by chemotherapy and radiation. Chemoradiation may cause mouth inflammation and pain. Acupuncture is a medical technique of inserting very thin needles into the "energy points" on the body with the aim to restore health and well-being. It has been used widely to treat pain, such as lower back pain and joint pain. In this study we will assess the potential usefulness of acupuncture to decrease the severity of mucositis and mucositis-related mouth and throat pain in patients receiving chemoradiation for oropharyngeal cancer. Mouth cancer patients receiving chemoradiation who have not had acupuncture within the last one month and who do not have a history of head and neck cancer may join this pilot study.

Full description

This is a single-center, randomized controlled pilot clinical trial (n=20) assessing the efficacy, feasibility and safety of acupuncture in reducing the severity of chemoradiation-induced oral mucositis (CRIOM) in patients with oropharyngeal cancer. Participants will be randomized to receive either usual medical care or acupuncture treatment plus usual medical care once a week for 8 weeks coinciding with their chemoradiation treatments. The length of the study will be 16 weeks: 8 weeks of treatment and two follow up visits at 4 weeks and 8 weeks after radiation (weeks 12 and 16). All subjects will receive usual medical care in addition to the study intervention. The Oral Mucositis Daily Questionnaire for Head and Neck Cancer patients (OMDQ) will be used to assess patients' self-reported chemoradiation-induced mucositis severity at baseline (before 1st acupuncture session), and daily throughout the course of radiation, as well as at the 12 and 16 week follow up visits. At baseline, weekly during radiation therapy, and at the 12 and 16 week follow up appointments, patients will complete the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT-G), Esophagus Cancer subscale (ESC) QOL, and the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue subscale questionnaires. Oral mucositis will also be assessed objectively by a trained member of the research team using both the Oral Mucositis Assessment Scale (OMAS) and the National Cancer Institute- Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v3.0 measurement scale once a week for the first two weeks of chemoradiation treatment, then twice a week during weeks three through seven, and additionally once during week 8 and once at the 12 and 16 week follow up visits. Twice weekly measurements correspond to peak severity of mucositis during weeks three to seven, based on previous reports in the literature. Patients will be given a weekly diary to record oral analgesic intake. Lastly, 8 milliliters of blood and a saliva sample will be taken from the subjects at baseline (before 1st acupuncture session), weekly through radiation treatment, and at the week 12 and 16 follow up visits to measure changes in proinflammatory cytokines concentrations.

Enrollment

4 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Documented diagnosis of oropharyngeal cancer.
  • The patient plans on undergoing external beam radiation with concomitant chemotherapy.
  • Eastern Cooperative Group in Oncology (ECOG) performance status 0-3.
  • Men and women who are ≥ 18 years old
  • The patient is aware of the nature of his or her diagnosis, understands the study regimen, its requirements, risks, and discomforts, and is able and willing to sign an informed consent form.

Exclusion criteria

  • Previous history of head and neck cancer.
  • Prior acupuncture within the past month.
  • Pre-existing active oral infection
  • Life expectancy is < 3 months.
  • Plan to go on experimental drug for head and neck cancer in the next 14 weeks.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

4 participants in 2 patient groups

Acupuncture with Seirin® needles
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will be randomized to receive acupuncture treatment plus usual medical care once a week for 8 weeks coinciding with their chemoradiation treatments. The length of the study will be 16 weeks: 8 weeks of treatment and two follow up visits at 4 weeks and 8 weeks after radiation (weeks 12 and 16).
Treatment:
Device: Acupuncture with Seirin® needles
Other: Usual medical care
Usual medical care
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants will be randomized to receive usual medical care for 8 weeks coinciding with their chemoradiation treatments. Patients will receive usual medical care such as viscous Lidocaine for relief of pain.
Treatment:
Other: Usual medical care

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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