Adapting Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Chinese Americans

C

Claremont McKenna College

Status

Completed

Conditions

Major Depression

Treatments

Behavioral: culturally adapted cognitive behavioral therapy
Behavioral: cognitive behavioral therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01786746
R34MH073545

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goals of this study were to a) test whether cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in treating depressed Chinese Americans, b) to develop and test the effectiveness of culturally adapt CBT, and c) to test the differential outcomes of the two treatments.

Full description

It is now known that ethnic minorities are less likely to receive quality health services and evidence worse treatment outcomes when compared with other groups (IOM, 1999; USDHHS, 2001). Moreover, there continues to be a shortage of systematic investigations examining the efficacy of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) with ethnic minorities, especially among Chinese Americans. Developing interventions that are both empirically grounded and that are culturally sensitive and compatible with Chinese culture is one promising strategy that may improve treatment outcomes for this understudied group. The goal of this study is to culturally adapt a cognitive-behavioral therapy manual for use with depressed Chinese American patients. This study will be among the first to develop a culturally adapted EBT for use with this ethnic group and will involve three study phases. Phase I of the study will focus on modifying and refining a CBT intervention protocol into a manualized treatment for Chinese Americans. Phase two involves a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing the effects of the culturally adapted CBT treatment manual with nonadapted CBT. Phase three will involve further refinement of the treatment manual, data analysis, and report writing. Patients will be recruited from an ethnic-specific mental health center that specializes in treating Asian American clientele to participate in the study. Patients will be randomly assigned to either the adapted CBT treatment or the nonadapted CBT treatment. Moreover, feedback from patients and therapists in both conditions will be used to further refine the new treatment manual, provide valuable information about salient issues in treating depressed Chinese Americans, and will provide initial estimates of treatment parameters that will be used in preparing a larger R01 proposal to further test the adapted intervention.

Enrollment

61 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • depression, Chinese American

Exclusion criteria

  • bipolar, psychotic disorder, primary substance abuse problem, severe medical conditions that induce depression

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

61 participants in 1 patient group

Psychotherapy
Experimental group
Description:
Psychotherapy arm that consists of a randomization into 12 session manualized cognitive behavioral therapy or culturally adapted cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese Americans.
Treatment:
Behavioral: culturally adapted cognitive behavioral therapy
Behavioral: cognitive behavioral therapy

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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